There are many schools of thought in Hinduism that have their own philosophy and their own way to attain Moksha.

From this Hindu point of view, there are six major schools of orthodox (astika) Indian Hindu philosophy—Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta.

So what are they and what is the difference between each school for the foreign sophistry based research scholars?

Only tell about the major difference between each school of astika

  • If there are many such schools then your question becomes "too broad". So, its better to be specific. Btw are you asking about Advaita, Dvaita and Visistadvaita?
    – Rickross
    Jan 30, 2021 at 10:25
  • Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta. 6 schools Jan 30, 2021 at 10:41
  • Oh Ok @DarkKnight
    – Rickross
    Jan 30, 2021 at 10:43
  • But even now its a broad question. To explain what those schools are and their dissimilarities one may have to write a whole book.
    – Rickross
    Jan 30, 2021 at 10:51
  • 1
    Better to split the question. The six Astika schools are often grouped into three groups of two: Samkhya-Yoga, Nyaya-Vaisheshika, and Mimamsa-Vedanta. Samkhya-Yoga are similar in almost all respects except for acknowledgment of Ishvara. Nyaya-Vaisheshika are also very similar except for a few things. Therefore, if the question is split into three, the differences of each of the group of two can be discussed.
    Jan 30, 2021 at 13:53

1 Answer 1


This is taken from this blog


based on “A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy”, Chandradhar Sharma

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The above groups Nyaya and Vaisheshika, Samkhya and Yoga. But there are subtle differences within this group also. Mimamsa can not be compared with Vedanta as such as the differences between Advaita and Dvaita are too many.

Difference between between Nyaya and Vaisheshika

Difference between Samkhya and Yoga

Kindly note the word heaven under the state of soul attaining salvation refers to Vaikunta and not swarga loka.

Kindly note that the word soul refers to jiva and not atman


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