Do the Vedas and the Upanishads support atheism(lack of belief in the existence of God or gods)? And if they support, then give reference.
The Tejobindu Upanishad, associated with the Krishna Yajurveda, condemns atheists as follows:
- This great science of Shankara should never be explained to any ordinary person, to an atheist or to a faithless, ill-behaved or evil-minded person.
Although, atheism is condemned throughout Hindu scriptures, it does not mean that atheists/sceptics are unwelcome or discarded from the system.
There is an episode between Indra (here the God) and Nema (here the sceptic) in Rig Veda, that highlights this point I made. Nema, a sceptic, does not believe in God's existence.
"There is no Indra; who has ever seen him?" (Rig Veda 8.100.3)
Now, this is the most common objection from a sceptic. Since we can't see God why to believe in his existence?
But Indra did not get angry with Nema for saying so but instead gleefully revealed himself to Nema.
Here am I, adorer! Look upon me here!. All that exists I surpass in my glory. The Truth make me mighty, And I also rend the worlds asunder. (Rig Veda 8.100.4)
This shows that everyone is welcome (in the eyes of God) and no one is discarded for their beliefs. But scriptures, overall, do condemn atheism.
Do vedas support atheism? Give reference from vedas and upanishades only
No they don't because they always say God (Brahman) created the universe. For example:
Taittiriya Upanishad - [Brahman] wished, may I be many, may I grow forth. He brooded over himself (like a man performing penance). After he had thus brooded, he sent forth (created) all, whatever there is.