1. Tryambakeshwar
  2. Bhimshankar
  3. Vaidyanath
  4. Ghrishneshwar

Hello. am confused with some maps showing Vaidyanath to be located in Parli, Maharashtra and some in Deogarh, Jharkhand. Any literary proof to confirm truth?

In Dwadash Jyotirlingani I say "Parlyam Vaidyanatham Cha Dakinyam Bhimshankaram"

  • 2
    This answer might be useful. The Dwadasa Jyotirlinga Stotra indeed says that at Parali the Vaidyanatha Linga is situated.
    – Rickross
    Commented Feb 3, 2021 at 11:41
  • 1
    The Gitapress edition of Shiva Purana cites that there are 2 variations चिताभूम्यां वैद्यनाथः & पारल्यां वैद्यनाथः for the stotra.
    – অনু
    Commented Feb 3, 2021 at 12:22
  • Both stotra variations point to Parli as the right location then, assuming Parli used to be a creamation ground (chidabhoomi) where Savitri brought back Satyavana from Yama? @Anubrata Bit
    – user22928
    Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 10:17

1 Answer 1


Vaidyanātha Jyōtirliṅga

Chapter 1 of the Koṭirudra Saṃhitā of the Shiva Purana places the Linga in a cremation ground or citābhūmi (and alternatively at a place called parali):

वैद्यनाथं चिताभूमौ - Vaidyanātha in the cremation ground

The Dvādaśaliṅgastōtram by Adi Shankaracharya places the Linga in the North Eastern part of the country:

पूर्वोत्तरे प्रज्वलिकानिधाने सदावसन्तं गिरिजासमेतम्। सुरासुराराधितपादपद्मं श्रीवैद्यनाथं तमहं नमामि॥५॥

I bow to that Lord Vaidyanatha who always lives in the North East in the cremation ground with the Daughter of the mountain and whose lotus feet are worshipped by the devatas and the asuras

This indicates that the Linga is situated in the North east alongwith Devi Parvati, an indication to a śaktipīṭha in the vicinity, just like Mallikarjuna.

In the Devi Bhagavata Purana’s list of 108 śaktipīṭhas (7.30), and Devi Gita part of Devi Bhagavata Purana (7.38) there’s a mention of one At Vaidyanatha:

as Ārogyā in Vaidyānātha
- Skandha 7 Chapter 30
The excellent place of Bagalā in Baidyanāth
- Skandha 7 Chapter 38 (Devi Gita)

Accordingly based on the above, we can conclude that the Vaidyanātha Jyōtirliṅga is located in the North eastern part of the country near a śaktipīṭha,

The Vaidyanaatha of Deoghar Jharkhand, has a śaktipīṭha facing the Jyotirlinga temple and the place is claimed to be known as chitabhumi in common parlance. There are only 4 śaktipīṭhas in modern day Maharashtra and Parli doesn’t feature in that list.

Deoghar Jharkhand being roughly in the north eastern part of the country and also near a famous śaktipīṭha is the correct Vaidyanātha Jyōtirliṅga.

enter image description here

The Jyotirlinga temple and Shakti pitha at Deoghar Jharkhand, connected to each other by red threads.

Note: There’s an alternate version of the Dvādaśaliṅgastōtram where cremation ground is replaced with parali and sadavasantam is replaced with sadashivam. Yet the basic north east and alongwith Devi Parvati is retained. No doubt Parli has its significance, yet it is not the jyotirlinga spoken off in scriptures.

  • @Sauravk if you’re satisfied with the answer, you can accept it by clicking tick mark sign below the voting arrows. That will let other users on the site know which answer is satisfactory. Also if you like it you may upvote by clicking up arrow on the answer. If you don’t like it and contains glaring flaws then you can downvote the answer by clicking the down arrow. For more info on site working you can join Naruto in the chatroom
    – Adiyarkku
    Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 6:19
  • Parli used to be a cremation ground too so your answer is an assumption . Just because Deoghar is called chidabhoomi i e. a cremation ground, doesn’t prove that Vaijnath is jyotirlinga...the name Vaidynath arrives from Mahadev being a doctor to Ravan & are lot's of useful medicinal plants and herbs , in the nearby jungle , and mountain range of Parli that's why Parli being "Vaidyanath( वैद्य) is more fitting
    – user22928
    Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 7:00
  • "daughter of the mountain" mentioned by acharya in 12 jls are talking about the jyotirlinga being on the slopes of Naganarayana mountain and "worshipped by gods" as Brahma, Venu and Saraswati 3 rivers flow near. the legit jyotirlinga is Parli from my ongoing research (waiting more ans b4 selecting)
    – user22928
    Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 7:07
  • Sure :) My assumption is not about cremation ground. It’s also called that. Want we can delete that part. The logic is North East plus Shakti Peeth. Even if you don’t consider Girija as Parvati (though it should be) the very fact that the list of Shakti peethas says one is at Vaidyanatha and the fact that acharya mentions north east clearly indicate Deoghar. Internet research will always try to convince one to one side. There’s no way to verify whether either of them was called chita bhumi? Moreover acharya also has paralika variation but still says north east. @Sauravk
    – Adiyarkku
    Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 7:43
  • 1
    Wait can I ask you if you don’t mind how is daughter of mountains naganarayana? Deoghar will tell you they’re authentic, Parli will tell you they’re authentic. Also the part of bhimashankara which you edited. I wanted to tell you Bhimashankara is not in Maharashtra, it’s actually in Assam. The one in Maharashtra is an Upalinga (somewhat same effect as jyotirlinga) of the original Bhimashankara in Assam. Btw I’m from Maharashtra only so nothing against it :D
    – Adiyarkku
    Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 7:48

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