This is an answer to the question that I asked about different schools of thought in Hinduism.

In the Dvaita Vedanta school it is written that the soul dwells in heaven after moksha.

So, do they really believe in eternal heaven?

  • Please clarify which dvaita school. Madhava school believes in eternal hell. There are seven hells and there is no return from seventh hell. Liberation is actually staying in vaikuntha eternally. Vaikuntha is the heavenly abode of lord Vishnu and is above the swarga lokas.
    Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 17:08
  • @GIRIBLR how many schools are there in Dvaita Vedanta. But if it's possible then please explain all the schools. Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 17:39
  • -1: Heaven is a Christian and Islamic concept. It's not valid here. Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 19:08
  • @MoziburUllah See the link hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/44487/22556. If you go to the salvation section (the last) you can clearly read that soul dwell's in heaven. After moksha Commented Feb 5, 2021 at 19:26
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    @Dark Knight: I've already pointed out one alternative - svarga loka. Commented Feb 6, 2021 at 4:07

1 Answer 1


It is not heaven, but Vaikunta (the heavenly abode of Lord Vishnu), which is eternal and above the swarga lokas.

According to Madhva's Dvaita philosophy, if the soul attains moksha, it reaches Vaikunta and stays there eternally. Madhava's Dvaita philosophy (and also pushimarga?) allows for eternal hell also. Some souls are eternally doomed and can never attain salvation, according to this philosophy.

From the encyclopedia,

Madhva preached predestination and the existence of an eternal heaven and hell. He believed as well that eternal salvation is possible through the continuous practice of bhakti..

However, this is different from the eternal hell and heaven of Christianity. Abrahamic hell is because God sits and judges you based on only the actions done in this lifetime. While here, it is dependent on karmas and several cycles of birth and death.

  • So what is the difference between heaven and Vaikunta Commented Feb 6, 2021 at 5:50
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    A jiva that reaches the swarga loka or naraka will return back to bhu loka after the exhaustion of its punya/papa. However, jiva that reaches Vaikunta will not return. It has attained moksha and live eternally in the abode of Vishnu
    Commented Feb 6, 2021 at 5:54
  • Does Vaikunta lok is similar to abhramic heaven because it(abhramic heaven) is eternal and it has all kinds of pleasure (including materialistic) or it is different in terms of pleasure. Commented Feb 6, 2021 at 6:32
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    Vaikunta can be attained only by those who attain moksha, not by everyone. Most of the jivas go only to other lokas and return to earth till they attain moksha. Moksha takes several lifetimes. In abhramic heaven, jivas attain it only based on actions done in this lifetime.
    Commented Feb 6, 2021 at 6:38
  • OK thanks for your answer Commented Feb 6, 2021 at 6:41

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