Historically, did the sanskrit varnamala contain two 'la' vyanjan varnas? It seems there was one in the 'ya' varga and another one in the 'sha' varga.

Current texts on sanskrit or hindi grammar and wikipedia show a varnamala with but one 'la'. However I have found differing configurations of the Rashi, Nakshatra and Kulakul chakras in different translations 1 2 of the Brhat Tantrasaara and also in blogs(https://shubhamalock.com/remedies/mantra-suitability/).

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    This isn't a question about Hinduism Feb 20, 2021 at 17:14
  • I hope the edited information puts this question within the purview of this site.
    – chhatra
    Feb 21, 2021 at 8:16
  • history.stackexchange.com this is isn't about religion it is more about history and language. You should ask this question in history SE Feb 21, 2021 at 8:47
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    I'm asking because there are discrepancies in the two translations and the blog post I've linked to and I find that the correct alphabetical arrangement is required to determine what it should be. The end goal is to determine the accurate translation of the section on mantra compatibility from the Brihat tantrasara, which is a shakta text focused on spiritual pursuits. Therefore I request that this be considered a question on scripture.
    – chhatra
    Feb 21, 2021 at 9:42
  • Ok, thanks for the explanation. I have upvoted your question Feb 21, 2021 at 12:21

1 Answer 1


Both ल and ळ were used in Vedic Sanskrit, but the latter is absent in classical Sanskrit as codified by Panini and later grammarians. It is still present in the daughter language Marathi.


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