The following are the 4 Mahakavyas, mentioned in the Upanishads, taking about the Advaita Philosophy:
- Prajñānam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) - "Insight is Brahman," or "Brahman is insight" - (Aitareya Upanishad 3.3 of the Rig Veda)
- Ayam Ātmā Brahma (अयम् आत्मा ब्रह्म) - "This Self (Atman) is Brahman" - (Mandukya Upanishad 1.2 of the Atharva Veda)
- Tat Tvam Asi (तत् त्वम् असि) - "That essence (tat, referring to sat, "the Existent") are you" - (Chandogya Upanishad 6.8.7 of the Sama Veda)
- Aham Brahmāsmi (अहम् ब्रह्मास्मि) - "I am Brahman" - (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10 of the Yajur Veda)
In his book ‘Satyarth Prakash’, Swami Dayanand Saraswati says that Mahakavyas are a myth created by brahmins.
Therefore, my question is, do the Vedic Samhitas mention the Mahakavyas (and therefore the Advaita Philosophy)?
Kindly note: This is not a duplicate of What are the Mahakavyas?, which I have even linked above. I’m looking for their mention in Vedic Samhitas and not an explanation for what they are.