In sanathan dharma, Sarvajna stands for a person who realizes that everything is Brahman.

So, Sarvajna is not the person I'm asking for.

I know that saguna brahman satisfies the property mentioned in the title.

But is there another concept in the scriptures that says that a person capable of knowing anything exists?

  • "all possible knowledge" is an ill-defined concept, like "set of all sets" @hanugm – S K Apr 7 at 20:13
  • Adisankara is said to have ascended the sarvanjnya सर्वज्ञ peetha - seat of all knowledge @hanugm – S K Apr 8 at 2:36
  • @SK Do you mean the head of Sarvajna peeta knows any branch of knowledge... – hanugm Apr 8 at 3:41
  • What do you mean by 'anything'? To paraphrase Vivekananda, a realized soul who knows Brahman, knows what 'clay' is. It does not mean that he knows every form that clay has taken. The human brain is part of the sensual universe with its physical limitations. You can't put 5 litres in a 1 litre bottle. There is a material limit. – Swami Vishwananda Apr 8 at 13:02
  • @SwamiVishwananda Yeah, exactly, I want the nomenclature and details of persons who know every form of clay also... – hanugm Apr 8 at 13:04

Bhagavan might be the concept.

In this context, Chandogya upanishad and bhAshya by Adi Sankaracharya might be relevant.

Chandogya Upanishad 7.26.2

तदेष श्लोको न पश्यो मृत्युं पश्यति न रोगं नोत दुःखताꣳ सर्वꣳ ह पश्यः पश्यति सर्वमाप्नोति सर्वश इति स एकधा भवति त्रिधा भवति पञ्चधा सप्तधा नवधा चैव पुनश्चैकादशः स्मृतः शतं च दश चैकश्च सहस्राणि च विꣳशतिराहारशुद्धौ सत्त्वशुद्धिः सत्त्वशुद्धौ ध्रुवा स्मृतिः स्मृतिलम्भे सर्वग्रन्थीनां विप्रमोक्षस्तस्मै मृदितकषायाय तमसस्पारं दर्शयति भगवान्सनात्कुमारस्तꣳ स्कन्द इत्याचक्षते तꣳ स्कन्द इत्याचक्षते ॥ २ ॥

Here, Sanatkumara is called as bhagavAn. The word bhagavAn can be used for saguNa brahman but in the above context, it is used for a rishi. Commenting on the above usage of the word bhagavAn, Sankaracharya says -

भगवान् ‘उत्पत्तिं प्रलयं चैव भूतानामागतिं गतिम् । वेत्ति विद्यामविद्यां च स वाच्यो भगवानिति’ एवंधर्मा सनत्कुमारः

Bhagavan is the one who knows the origin, dissolution, the going and non-going of beings. One who knows vidyA and avidyA is called as Bhagavan. Sanatkumara fulfils these conditions.


What does the word bhagavAn mean, when used for saguNa brahman? Sankaracharya explains this by quoting a Vishnu Purana statement in his Bhagavad gita bhAshya 3.36-37

ऐश्वर्यस्य समग्रस्य धर्मस्य यशसः श्रियः। वैराग्यस्याथ मोक्षस्य षण्णां भग इतीरणा (विष्णु पु0 6।5।74) ऐश्वर्यादिषट्कं यस्मिन् वासुदेवे नित्यमप्रतिबद्धत्वेन सामस्त्येन च वर्तते उत्पत्तिं प्रलयं चैव भूतानामागतिं गतिम्। वेत्ति विद्यामविद्यां च स वाच्यो भगवानिति (विष्णु प0 6।5।78) उत्पत्त्यादिविषयं च विज्ञानं यस्य स वासुदेवः वाच्यः भगवान् इति।।

'Bhaga is said to consist of all kinds of majesty, virtue, fame, beauty, detachment as well as Liberation [Liberation stands for its cause, Illumination.], (V.P.6.5.74). That Vasudeva, in whom reside for ever, unimpeded and in their fullness, the six qualities of majesty etc. and who has the knowledge of such subjects as creation etc., is called Bhaga-van. 'He is spoken of as Bhaga-van who is aware of creation and dissolution, gain and loss, [Gain and loss stand for future prosperity and adversity.] ignorance and Illumination of all beings' (ibid. 78).

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    Welcome to the site also ran! – Rickross Apr 11 at 7:22

Yes there is concept in the Hindu Scriptures that say that a person capable of knowing everything. I will add quotes from Scriptures in sequence to explain properly.

What is that, O Bhagavan which being known, all this becomes known? (Mundaka Upanishad 1.1.3)

I shall now declare unto you in full this knowledge both phenomenal and noumenal, by knowing which there shall remain nothing further to be known.(Gita 7.2)

When an inquisitive person comes to understand this knowledge, he has nothing further to know. After all, one who has drunk the most palatable nectar cannot remain thirsty.(Bhagavata 11.29.32)

To the Brahmana who has known the Self, all the Vedas are of as much use as is a reservoir of water in a place where there is a flood.(Gita 2.46)

He, verily, is the immortal Self. Knowing him, one knows all things.(Katha Upanishad 2.1.3)

That which is the subtlest of all is the Self of all this. It is the Truth. It is the Self. That thou art, O Śvetaketu.(Chandogya Upanishad 6.8.7)

This is my Soul in the innermost heart, greater than the earth, greater than the aerial space, greater than these worlds. This Soul, this Self of mine is that Brahman.(Chandogya Upanishad 3.14.3-4)

He who knows the Supreme Brahman verily becomes Brahman. In his family no one is born ignorant of Brahman. He overcomes grief; he overcomes evil; free from the fetters of the heart, he becomes immortal. (Mundaka Upanishad 3.2.9)

And when he becomes a god, as it were, or a king, as it were, or thinks, ‘This universe is myself, who am all,’ that is his highest state.(Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4.3.20)

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