The Baudhāyana sūtras are a group of Vedic Sanskrit texts which cover dharma, daily ritual, mathematics, etc. They belong to the Taittiriya branch of the Krishna Yajurveda school and are among the earliest texts of the genre, perhaps compiled in the 8th to 6th centuries BCE.Source

In the Baudhāyana sūtras we find a very interesting verse :

In case the country is not appropriate, one is without money, then he can normally do puja in his mind or offer this is because Bhagavan says- “those who give me leaf, flower, fruit or water with devotion I eat that which has been offered by my pure minded devotee” .(Baudhayana Grhya Sutra 2.22.9)

"Those who - - - - - - pure minded". This qoute is referring to gita 9:26.

BG 9.26: If one offers to Me with devotion a leaf, a flower, a fruit, or even water, I delightfully partake of that article offered with love by My devotee in pure consciousness.

Baudhāyana sūtras is written in vedic sanskrit Where as gita is written in classical sanskrit. How is this possible.

Gita was revealed in the battle of Mahabharata, the commenly accepted date is 3067 Bce.

But Baudhāyana sūtras was written in around 8th to 6th centuries bce.

So gita predates Baudhāyana sūtras. But how is it possible that gita is written in classical sanskrit and not in vedic sanskrit.


  • qr.ae/pGTk9Q Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 11:53
  • @Dark Knight, do you have a link for the english translation of Baudhayana Grihya Sutras?
    – Krsna Dasa
    Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 12:02
  • @SethuSrivatsaKoduru what do you mean by the above link Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 12:04
  • 1
    you seem to be comparing English translations...not one original Sanskrit text to another Sanskrit text. Pointing out similar English phrase translations is not relevant. Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 12:33
  • 2
    Now if I assume you are right then your logic is contradicting yourself ! This is result of your qn. You are forced to think that Baudhayana was written before than Gita which is proved wrong by facts @DarkKnight Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 12:51

1 Answer 1


The Devanagari is identical in both cases:

पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति | तदहं भक्त्युपहृतमश्नामि प्रयतात्मन: || 26||

patraṁ puṣhpaṁ phalaṁ toyaṁ yo me bhaktyā prayachchhati tadahaṁ bhaktyupahṛitam aśhnāmi prayatātmanaḥ

patram pushpam phalam toyam yo me bhaktya prayachchhati tadaham bhaktyupahritam ashnami prayatatmanah

This is in pure classical sanskrit. Baudhayana Grihya Sutra is in language that is almost Classical - must have been written when Vedic Sanskrit had almost died out as a living language.

Why this identical verse appears in two scriptures needs to be explained.

  • Thanks for the answer Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 15:01
  • But why was gita revealed in sanskrit. If Baudhayana Grihya Sutra is in almost classical sanskrit. Because it was written in time wear vedic sanskrit almost died out. Then we can conclude may be 200 years before the Sutra was written people spoke vedic sanskrit. It still doesn't line up. Because Mahabharata is about 3000 BCE Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 15:04
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    linguistically Mahabharata is quite young, almost as young as Puranic Sanskrit. Unless you give fantastic interpretations for "yavana" and so forth, there isn't any way MBh could be from 3000 bc @darkknight
    – S K
    Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 15:12
  • @DarkKnight - Mahabharata is definitely from 3000BC. Yavanas/Mlecchas etc. have existed for a long time. Science simply hasn't caught up with evidence.
    – ram
    Commented Apr 11, 2021 at 18:07

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