I've heard that the Gayatri mantra is actually used to worship the sun, and that the mantra was titled "Gayatri mantra" because the mantra is formed using Gayatri meter (a Vedic meter).

Is that true?


Gayathri is not a mantra. There are classes of mantra called Gayathri which follow a particular meter called Gayathri.

The most popular Gayathri mantra ॐ भूर्भुव: स्व: तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं । भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि, धीयो यो न: प्रचोदयात् ।। happens to be one among the many.

Gayathri Chandus is a format of 24 meters, any mantra set to this chandus is called a Gayathri (and there are many gayathries). The one today understood as Gayathri mantra , is Savithri Mantra (because of the deity Savitr) set in Gayathri Chundas . The Rishi for this mantra is Vishvamithra.

This mantra is specifically meant for Thapas (तपस; the highest of Tantras) as it increases the heat in the body burning up all muck at the physical level.

  • 1
    "ॐ भूर्भुव: स्व:" is technically not part of the Gayatri: the rest of it already covers the 8x3 = 24 syllables: [तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं (8 under Vedic counting with accents I guess...)] [भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि (8)] [धीयो यो न: प्रचोदयात् (8)] May 3 '15 at 20:38
  • @ShreevatsaR Some say that it should be váreṇiyam instead of vareṇyaṃ. I've asked a question here, you might want to check it out.
    – MathGod
    Mar 31 '17 at 21:48
  • 'This mantra is specifically meant for Thapas (तपस; the highest of Tantras) as it increases the heat in the body burning up all muck at the physical level'--never heard.whats the scriptural basis?
    – user17294
    Apr 7 '19 at 12:46

The Gayatri mantra is the most sacred Rigvedic mantra. The Gayatri mantra praises the sun in the form of Lord Brahma in the morning, as Lord Vishnu at noon, and as Lord Shiva in the evening.

Facing east, a devotee repeats this mantra a number of times (usually a fixed number). This mantra is imparted to a young boy at his Yagnopaveet (Upanayana) for initiation into the religious and spiritual order of the Vedas:

Om bhoor bhuvah svah; tat savitur varaynyam; bhargo dayvasya dheemahi; dhiyo yo nah prachoda-yat; Om. (Rig Veda 3.62.10 and Yajur Veda 36.3)

Om (God), bhooh or bhoor (earth, the giver of life), bhuvah (atmosphere, the dispeller of miseries), svah (wealth, the bestower of happiness), tat (that), savitur (creator), varanyam (most worthy, acceptable, and desirable), bhargah or bhargo (personification of knowledge), dayvasya (of divine), dheemahi (meditate), dhiyah or dhiyo (minds, intellects), yah or yo (one who), nah (our), prachoda-yat (inspire, lead).

English Translation of the Gayatri Mantra:

God is the giver of life, the dispeller of miseries, and the bestower of happiness. Let us meditate upon that Creator, the most worthy and acceptable Almighty God. May He inspire and lead our minds and intellects.

REF:The Hindu Mind by Bansi Pandit

  • Om cannot be translated to God. Closest translation is 'primordial sound'. Also when translated into English unfortunately some meaning which can only be expressed in Sanskrit are lost. Actually God is not mentioned in the mantra.
    – Bharat
    Jun 25 '14 at 16:42
  • The Upanishads repeatedly equate Om as Brahman. For example, Prasna Upanishad v.2 says, " O Satyakama, the syllable AUM is the Supreme Brahman and also the other Brahman. Therefore he who knows it attains, with its support, the one or the other". Jun 26 '14 at 14:15
  • Have u heard of the saptavyAhriti? These are seven lokas.Bhur bhubah svah are three lokas.These meanings seem constructed
    – user17294
    Apr 7 '19 at 12:52

First you need to know what is translation of Gayatri mantra

ॐ भूर्भुव: स्व: तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं । भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि, धीयो यो न: प्रचोदयात् ।।

Oh God, the Protector, the basis of all life, Who is self-existent, Who is free from all pains and Whose contact frees the soul from all troubles, Who pervades the Universe and sustains all, the Creator and Energizer of the whole Universe, the Giver of happiness, Who is worthy of acceptance, the most excellent, Who is Pure and the Purifier of all, let us embrace that very God, so that He may direct our mental faculties in the right direction. ( Source:eaglespace.com)

Here is no explicit mention of any god (THIS IS WRONG TAT SAVITUR REFERS TO SAVITAR THE SUN GOD), it refers to supreme god. And as per few believes Surya is also considered as supreme god.

Few translation also accounts it as for a female god too, Durga sometimes. But its like interpenetrating this mantra as per personal believes.

  • 1
    That's a very loose translation. Jun 25 '14 at 7:00
  • 2
    @KeshavSrinivasan there are various translation i have read in books, all looks loose traslation to me. And all translation done are depend on who is doing it, Vishishtadvaita, sauram or other believers. Jun 25 '14 at 7:05
  • Almost the entire translation seems without any basis!!!!!
    – user17294
    Apr 7 '19 at 12:49

Actually there is no explicit Goddess named Gayatri. Gayatri means "which protects one who chants it". The mantra is so powerful such that the mantra itself is worshipped as a Goddess.

Through Gayatri, we worship the almighty (Vishnu or Shiva) by comparing it to the brightness of Sun.

Source: books

  • 4
    "Source: books" is a little bit vague. Could you be more specific?
    – senshin
    Jun 25 '14 at 23:46
  • Brahma has a wife name gayatri in pushkar story. Jun 26 '14 at 6:55
  • Not entirely correct. Gayatri (aka savitri) is one of the 5 main manifestations of the great goddess, according to devi bhagavatam.
    – user1195
    Dec 16 '15 at 15:08

Indian philosophy and myth is a very complex subject. Gayatri mantra may refer to sun, however, sun is nothing but ENERGY! According to Shaivat belief Siva is non expressed universe represented in a symbol of a BINDU and his other half Sakti is the expressed universe. Thus, sun is nothing but Sakti or energy. Hence, its worship in the form of a Gayatri mantra is in essence a prayer of goddess. Ref Madhu Khanna or Shiva Sutras By V. Rav Idea presented is my synthesis.

  • 1
    Welcome to Hinduism SE! You need to provide references for your answers here so you might want to modify it accordingly else it might get turned into a comment by the moderators. Feb 20 '18 at 8:49
  • Shiva is not a bindu. Feb 20 '18 at 11:20
  • Manoj, check book(s) like Yantra by Madhu Khanna or Shiva Sutras By V. Ravi...p70. Time to wake up!
    – Jay Thakar
    Feb 21 '18 at 20:30

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