Upanishads do say Brahman is formless. So how can formless Brahman be Sat(Existence) Chit(Consciousness) Ananda(Bliss)? Without attributes how can we define these 3 features for Brahman?


4 Answers 4


Satchitananda is not the guna of the Brahman. It is how we experience this ultimate reality, and to use a common analogy, just like we can experience the warmth of sunlight without understanding it.


Yes, Brahman is formless...without a center nor circumference. Sat (Existence), Chit (Consciousness), and Ananda (Bliss) are how we experience Brahman...in the absence of ignorance. These may be attributes, but not forms. Sat (Existence) and Chit (Consciousness) are also formless...with no center or circumference. Ananda (Bliss) appears to be a form, but it is not. In the absence of ignorance, there is Bliss...causeless...without center or circirumference.

  • 2
    You should cite sources.
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Jul 18, 2021 at 16:13
  • 1
    Welcome to Hinduism Stack exchange. Please update your answer with sources. Else answer can be deleted.
    – hanugm
    Commented Jul 19, 2021 at 14:09

Satcitananda is the subjective experience of Brahman, so sat, cit and ananda point to the qualities of that experience rather than to qualities of Brahman.

Eg, Atma Bodha, verse 65: "That all pervading, eternal blissful consciousness is seen within when one observes it through the eye of knowledge...."


Sat-chit-ananda is one thing not three. It is trying to capture the full essence of Brahman. It is the attributeless Brahman, the atoms of subjective reality (which is reality). It cannot be known and have attributes because it is also the knower.

I think that much is relatively uncontroversial.

  • Namaste and welcome to the site. While browsing around, Kindly have a look at: Guidelines for new users answering questions
    – Adiyarkku
    Commented Jul 27, 2021 at 10:31
  • Ok. Noted. Thanks.
    – Al Brown
    Commented Jul 27, 2021 at 19:02
  • @Archit I deleted an answer and edited another to be more in line w the guidelines. The other two answers seem ok.
    – Al Brown
    Commented Jul 28, 2021 at 12:24

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .