HG says that “all beings enter the Brahmand through the union of Lord Shiva and Prakirti” (Mother Parvati?).
Is this true, can someone elaborate? Please also provide explanations from Puranas.
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Yes, he is both the creator and destroyer according to Shaivism. Brahma and Vishnu are equated to Rudra but Shiva is far above them all. I am quoting from the (Shaiva) Linga Purana:
He who is Rudra, Brahma and Visnu is called Siva in the Puranas by virtue of his eternally and intrinsically enlightened and pure nature (3.10)
Prakriti is the creator of worlds when she is presided over by Purusa (3.13)
With regard to your quotation here is a verse from the same place:
In all these cosmic eggs there are four-faced Brahmas, Visnus and Rudras. They are all created by Pradhana after coming into contact with Siva (3.34)
So it says Prakriti is creator. But actually it is Shiva, because in the very first verse it says
The non-characterized is the root of the characterized. The manifest Prakriti is the characterized, while Siva is the non-characterized. (3.1)
Lord Vishnu explained this:
There is no other greater living being than him. He is a great mystery, the dimensional abode of intellect and the coveted goal of spiritualists. He split himself into two. His un-qualitative part remained unmenifest; the qualitative one came into appearance. Of him who was aware of activities of Prakrti and who was inaccessible and fathomless, the seed was born, formerly, at the first creation, riiis seed was laid into my womb which, after the lapse of some time, grew into a golden egg in the ocean. (20.75-79)
Lord Brahma in the same Purana says this to Lord Shiva:
O lord, this entire universe is born out of your body... You protect and destroy everything. (31.41-42)