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If Shraddha falls on ekadashi day, should it be done on same day or done on dwadashi? What does puranas, smritis say about it? If done on ekadashi, how to feed Brahmana while they are fasting?

Some Madwa discourses say it should be on dwadashi, and they said it's in Puranas. And, as Ekadashi is fasting, one cannot feed Brahmin and without feeding brahmin Shraddha cannot happen.

But I also heard counter argument saying Smritis say it must be done on Ekadasi (and smriti takes precedence over any Purana).

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As per Smritis it is allowed. Quoting from Apastambha Dharma Sutras Praśna II, Paṭala 7, Khaṇḍa 16:


  1. Formerly men and gods lived together in this world. Then the gods in reward of their sacrifices went to heaven, but men were left behind. Those men who perform sacrifices in the same manner as the gods did, dwell (after death) with the gods and Brahman in heaven. Now (seeing men left behind), Manu revealed this ceremony, which is designated by the word Śrāddha (a funeral-oblation).1

  2. And (thus this rite has been revealed) for the salvation of mankind.[2]

  3. At that (rite) the Manes (of one's father, grandfather, and great-grand father) are the deities (to whom the sacrifice is offered). But the Brāhmaṇas, (who are fed,) represent the Āhavanīya-fire.[3]

  4. That rite must be performed in each month.[4]

  5. The afternoon of (a day of) the latter half is preferable (for it).[5]

  6. The last days of the latter half (of the month) likewise are (preferable to the first days).

  7. (A funeral-oblation) offered on any day of the latter half of the month gladdens the Manes. But it procures different rewards for the sacrificer according to the time observed.[6]

  8. If it be performed on the first day of the half-month, the issue (of the sacrificer) will chiefly consist of females.

  9. (Performed on the second day it procures) children who are free from thievish propensities.

  10. (If it is performed) on the third day children will be born to him who will fulfil the various vows for studying (portions of the Veda).

  11. (The sacrificer who performs it) on the fourth day becomes rich in small domestic animals.

  12. (If he performs it) on the fifth day, sons (will be born to him). He will have numerous and distinguished offspring, and he will not die childless.[7]

  13. (If he performs it) on the sixth day, he will become a great traveller and gambler.

  14. (The reward of a funeral-oblation performed) on the seventh day is success in agriculture.

  15. (If he performs it) on the eighth day (its reward is) prosperity

  16. (If he performs it) on the ninth day (its reward consists in) one-hoofed animals.

  17. (If he performs it) on the tenth day (its reward is) success in trade.

18. (If he performs it) on the eleventh day (its reward is) black iron, tin, and lead.

  1. (If he performs a funeral-oblation) on the twelfth day, he will become rich in cattle.

  2. (If he performs it) on the thirteenth day, he will have many sons (and) many friends, (and) his offspring will be beautiful. But his (sons) will die young.[8]

  3. (If he performs it) on the fourteenth day (its reward is) success in battle.[9]

  4. (If he performs it) on the fifteenth day (its reward is) prosperity.

As you can see, here the rewards of performing Shraddha on the various Tithis are mentioned. The rewards that one obtains upon performing Shraddha on the Ekadashi Tithi are also mentioned. So it is allowed as per this scripture.

UPDATE:

If we take into account only the Smritis there is no prohibition on performing Shraddha on Ekadashis. Prohibition is there only regarding the 14th Tithis. See:


Manu Smriti 3.276. The days of the dark half of the month, beginning with the tenth, but excepting the fourteenth, are recommended for a funeral sacrifice; (it is) not thus (with) the others.

3.277. He who performs it on the even (lunar) days and under the even constellations, gains (the fulfilment of) all his wishes; he who honours the manes on odd (lunar days) and under odd (constellations), obtains distinguished offspring.

3.278. As the second half of the month is preferable to the first half, even so the afternoon is better for (the performance of) a funeral sacrifice than the forenoon.

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  • If Brahmin cannot be fed on Ekadasi, how can Shraddha be completed? @rickross
    – Kanthri
    Aug 15 at 20:08
  • That one should fast on Ekadashi is mentioned in Purans not in Smritis. So I don't know how to answer your query but its a valid one. @Kanthri
    – Rickross
    Aug 16 at 5:13
  • See the update @Kanthri
    – Rickross
    Aug 17 at 5:48

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