Please can someone explain, from Valmiki Ramayana, how and when Hanuman met Sugriva first time and why he took up service to Sugriva.
Hanumanji was placed in the service of Sugriva by Surya after Hanumanji finished his academics from him.
The chronology of Hanumanji’s life is:
- Birth and attempting to gobble the sun and Rahu (VR Uttarakanda 35.24)
- The naughtiness with the sages and consequent curse to forget his powers. (VR Uttarakanda 36.29-35)
- His studies under the guidance of Surya (VR Uttarakanda 36.46-49)
Now Sugriva was the son of Surya from Riksharajas. On Sugriva’s birth and completion of Hanumanji’s studies under Surya, Surya placed Hanumanji (who was Surya’s student) in service of Sugriva:
“Those two powerful monkeys being born, Indra conferred a lasting golden chain on Bali and returned to his own abode and, having engaged Hanuman, the Wind-god’s son, in the service of Sugriva, the Sun-god too returned to the Celestial Region.
-VR Uttarakanda Sarga 37b
And of course, then Riksharajas becomes king of Kishkindha and the relation between Sugriva and Hanumanji is described as:
Hanuman and Sugriva were as one and there was no difference between them; they loved each other as do Agni and Anila.
-VR Uttarakanda Sarga 36.40