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Please can someone explain, from Valmiki Ramayana, how and when Hanuman met Sugriva first time and why he took up service to Sugriva.

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Hanumanji was placed in the service of Sugriva by Surya after Hanumanji finished his academics from him.

The chronology of Hanumanji’s life is:

  1. Birth and attempting to gobble the sun and Rahu (VR Uttarakanda 35.24)
  2. The naughtiness with the sages and consequent curse to forget his powers. (VR Uttarakanda 36.29-35)
  3. His studies under the guidance of Surya (VR Uttarakanda 36.46-49)

Now Sugriva was the son of Surya from Riksharajas. On Sugriva’s birth and completion of Hanumanji’s studies under Surya, Surya placed Hanumanji (who was Surya’s student) in service of Sugriva:

“Those two powerful monkeys being born, Indra conferred a lasting golden chain on Bali and returned to his own abode and, having engaged Hanuman, the Wind-god’s son, in the service of Sugriva, the Sun-god too returned to the Celestial Region.
-VR Uttarakanda Sarga 37b

And of course, then Riksharajas becomes king of Kishkindha and the relation between Sugriva and Hanumanji is described as:

Hanuman and Sugriva were as one and there was no difference between them; they loved each other as do Agni and Anila.
-VR Uttarakanda Sarga 36.40

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  • "he placed Hanumanji (who was Surya’s student) in service of Sugriva"... Who is "he" here? @archit
    – Kanthri
    Aug 21 at 21:49
  • @Kanthri Read first line of the answer and the below quote, it’s Surya
    – Adiyarkku
    Aug 22 at 2:18

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