Consider the following verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam

bhidyate hṛdaya-granthiś chidyante sarva-saṁśayāḥ kṣīyante cāsya karmāṇi dṛṣṭa evātmanīśvare

Thus the knot in the heart is pierced, and all misgivings are cut to pieces. The chain of fruitive actions is terminated when one sees the self as master.

[21, 12, 1, Srimad-Bhagavatam]

In the purport by Prabhupada, it is mentioned that

Attaining scientific knowledge of the Personality of Godhead means seeing one's own self simultaneously. As far as the identity of the living being as spirit self is concerned, there are a number of speculations and misgivings. The materialist does not believe in the existence of the spirit self, and empiric philosophers believe in the impersonal feature of the whole spirit without individuality of the living beings. But the transcendentalists affirm that the soul and the Supersoul are two different identities, qualitatively one but quantitatively different. .............

This paragraph explicitly talked about the three systems of belief

  1. Atheists : does not believe in the existence of the spirit self
  2. Advaitha : soul and supersoul has no difference
  3. Dvaitha : soul and the Supersoul are two different identities, qualitatively one but quantitatively different

What is meant by quantitatively different here?

  • 2
    The third one sounds more Vishishtadvaitic than Dvaitic in nature. It means since Sarvam khalvidam Brahma - everything is Brahman, even souls are qualitatively from Brahman, however Brahman is only 1, whereas individually souls are many (Brahman =1, souls many - quantity difference)
    – Adiyarkku
    Sep 19, 2021 at 3:16
  • This sloka reminds me of a verse from Mundaka upanishad. wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/mundaka-upanishad-shankara-bhashya/… bhidyate hṛdayagranthiśchidyante sarvasaṃśayāḥ | kṣīyante cāsya karmāṇi tasmindṛṣṭe parāvare || 8 || 8. When he that is both high and low is seen, the knot of the heart is untied; all doubts are solved; and all his karma is consumed.
    – user23407
    Sep 19, 2021 at 5:17
  • Quantitatively different and qualitatively same means the relationship between drop of water and ocean. Both are the H20 so they are same. This is what is meant by qualitatively same. But one is 0.05 ml and other is some trillion liters, this quantitatively different. So a soul and God are of the same essence, same material, but soul is limited and small but God is infinite. This is my understanding of Vishishtadvaita.
    – user22253
    Sep 19, 2021 at 5:33
  • Also there seems to multiple versions of the same verse which gives different meanings look here vedabase.io/en/library/sb/11/20/30
    – user22253
    Sep 19, 2021 at 5:36
  • Also this verse here quoted Ishware eva Atmani Dhrsta, can't it also mean that when Atman is seen in Ishwara?? There seems to a possible different translation. Ishware means in Ishwara. So is another translation possible?
    – user22253
    Sep 19, 2021 at 5:41


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