In Hinduism, we do Namaskar to the God statues in the temples as a symbol of belief, respect, and worship. In addition, we also do Sashtang Namaskar.

What exactly is Sashtang Namaskar, and why must one do it?

  • according to panchratra whether ladies can do sashtang dandvat pranam
    – user2808
    Apr 17 '15 at 6:18
  • It's definitely a submission but it provides the person/devata whom we are doing this pranam, to look at our spinal cord. Spinal cord is the source of our projection upward and by doing this, all blessings allow it to repair/upgrade or help to reach a higher plane. I do not have any reference doc. for it. Think on this topic, answer will come from within.
    – user5082
    Mar 14 '16 at 9:20
  • 8 parts of your body must touch the floor 1.forehead 2.nose 3.right hand 4.left hand 5.right knee 6.left knee 7.right feet 8.left feet Mar 14 '17 at 16:46

What is Sashtang namaskar or dandvat?

Sashtang namaskar or dandvat is a symbol of complete submission that reminds devotees to respect God.

Devotees perform sashtang dandvat pranam by lying fully prostrate on the floor with their arms stretched out towards the Idols.

Eight specific parts of the body should touch the floor:

  1. thighs

  2. feet

  3. hands

  4. chest

  5. mind

  6. head

  7. speech

  8. eyes

Why we must do it?

All of our karmas are performed through mind, body, or speech, and every karma in life should be offered to God.



Ashtanga is "eight limbs". SAshtanga is "with eight limbs". So, prostration which is done by involving the eight particular limbs of body is called the ShAshtanga Namaskara.

Here is the formal definition from Viswa SAra Tantram :

PadbhyAm KarAbhyAm JAnubhyAmurasA SirasA DrisA VachasA ManasA Chaiva PranAmohashtAnga Iritaha |


A prostration which is done by employing the following eight limbs is called the Ashtanga pranam - Two feet, two hands, two knees, chest, head, two eyes, speech ( Vakya) and mind.

When performed the shastanga pranam will look something like this:

enter image description here

Similarly, there is a panchanga pranam which involves 5 limbs instead of 8.

BAhuBhyAnchaiva JAnubhyAm SirasA VachasA DrisA PanchAngohayam PranAmaha SyAt PujAsu Prvaravimau |


The prostration which is done by involving the following five limbs is called the panchanga pranam. Both these prostrations are prescribed during pujas- Two hands, two knees, head, speech and mind

When done the panchanga pranam will look something like this:

enter image description here

In such kind of prostrations we offer God all our senses along with the mind. So, they signify a total, all-round surrender to God.


The word 'Shaastaanga' can be split-ted as Sa + Ashta + Anga, which means the 8 parts of a body touches the floor.

The eight parts are,

  1. 2 shoulders.
  2. 2 Hands.
  3. 2 chest.
  4. 2 knees.

This type of Namaskaar is performed in temples, to spiritual Guru and elders.

The special meaning for this type of Namaskaar is, it is like a log fall down without any support. By performing this Namaskaar, we signify the Lord that, "You are my only support. Without you I am nothing."


சாஷ்டாங்க நமஸ்காரம்.

  • 5
    Thanks for your answer. I can't read your source as it is in Tamil. please edit it to have it in English.
    – Mr_Green
    Jun 26 '14 at 6:33
  • 4
    To add to Mr. Green's comment, Lets try to use English because this SE predominantly operates in English. If you think an English excerpt from the translation is valid, mention it and add the link. Typically we prefer and promote original content and hence we would love it if you could add some personal translation and make this answer more suitable to those who don't speak Tamil. Thanks. :D Jun 26 '14 at 6:44

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