I've seen claims that apparently the oldest Sarasvati of Mandala 6 is actually from Afghanistan, how accurate is this claim?

1 Answer 1


There is no way to prove or disprove such claims. You have mentioned the Sarasvati hymn in Rig Veda VI.61. There is another mention of Sarasvati in Book 7.

This stream Sarasvati with fostering current comes forth, our sure defence, our fort of iron, as on a car, the flood flows on, surpassing in majesty and might all other waters;

Rig Veda VII.95.1

Pure in her course from mountain to the ocean, alone of her streams Sarasvati has listened. Thinking of wealth and the great world of creatures, she poured for Nahusa her milk and fatness.

Rig Veda VII.95.2

Sarasvati cannot possibly be an Afghan river if she flows to the ocean. However, scholars like Witzel and historian like Irfan Habib have claimed that ocean means here a big lake.

The answer to the question is it all depends on how you interpret the word 'ocean'.

  • What about the claim that Sarasvati's description not matching with Indian GH river but matching with Hemland river? i asked book 6 specifically because it's older. Oct 7, 2021 at 5:35
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    How can one prove or disprove such a claim? Moreover why should it matter that book 6 is older than book 7? Sarasvati river was flowing to the ocean in older times and stopped flowing at later times. So the fact that book 7 is later than 6 and Sarasvati was flowing to the ocean at later time suggests that Sarasvati was flowing to the ocean during Book 6 also. Of course one way to solve the problem is to say that there are 2 Sarasvati rivers. This will also be another unprovable claim. Also it violates Occam's razor. Oct 7, 2021 at 11:17

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