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1)What is the purpose of doing Sandyavandan ?

2)To which Deity it is addressed ? Sun God ? What is Savitri Devata or Gayatri Mata ?

3)What if certain people like Sudras etc cannot do it ? What is the substitute prayer for them ?(I amnt asking verses to prove all Varnas can do Sandyavandan or Upanayana etc but only asking on a assumption that its only for 3 Varnas then what about rest)

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Sandhya Vandana is done to help purify the mind.

1)What is the purpose of doing Sandyavandan ?

Because of its supreme spiritual significance, the Gayatri-Mantra has been incorporated as the very core of a daily prayer-ritual known as Sandhya. Being in the nature of contemplation, the ritual is classed as Upasana or spiritual contemplation. .... As the Upasana is done at the conjunction-time (Sandhya), it is designated as the Sandhya-Upasana. It is also called Sandhya-Vandana (adoration or worhip), and often merely Sandhya. It can be practised by all without distinction of caste, color, creed or sex (cf:Sukla Yajur Veda XXVI.2)

The sun above, the Giver of Life (Pusan) and Light (tejas) (CF. Isa Upanishad 16) is the great visible symbol of the Infinite Spiritual Sun, the source of all consciousness, the substratum of the entire Cosmic Universe, and the Inner Self (Antar-Atman) of all entities and beings in all the worlds of the Cosmic Universe. Man is a part and parcel of this Cosmic Universe, and within the 'Supreme Space' (Parama-Vyoman) or Sky of his psychic Heart (Hridaya-Akasah) (CF. Taittiriya Upanishad II.1.1; I.VI.1) is also indwelling that Spiritual Sun, reflected in the lake of his mind as the Jiva or Soul, which is the center of individual consciousness. The Sandhya-Upasana, with the visible sun in the sky as the symbol, is a sadhana (spiritual practice) to bring about the conjunction (Sandhi) of the individual Self with the Cosmic Self to realize the unity of both. Sandhya, therefore, is a form of Yoga-Sadhana for the union of the individual with the Supreme Reality, and the Sandhya-ritual incorporates the elements or features of all the four main types of Yoga - Karma, Bhakti, Dhyana and Jnana.

Sandhya is a specially devised efficient spiritual ritual for the realization of the Divinity of the Self (Atman). It is therefore not a Kamya Karma i.e. optional ritual to be performed occasionally for the attainment of worldly fulfilments. It is on the other hand a Nitya Karma or an obligatory daily ritual whose object is to bring about self-purification and attainment of Cosmic Reality.

OM, Gayatri and Sandhya by Swami Mukhyananda

2)To which Deity it is addressed ? Sun God ? What is Savitri Devata or Gayatri Mata?

It {the Gayatri Mantra] is also known as the Savitri-Mantra, since it is addressed to the Divine Person in the Sun, Savita, who is considered as the visible symbolic representation of the Supreme Divinity. For, He destroys darkness and promotes life, and He is also identified with the Inner Self of man. (Cf. Isa Upanishad 15-16)

In course of time, just as the Om-kara was personified into Ganesa, the Gayatri-Mantra also was personified into the Goddess Gayatri [Gayatri-Devi], as the presiding Deity of the Mantra, for purposes of personal upasana (saguna-upasana).

OM, Gayatri and Sandhya by Swami Mukhyananda

3)What if certain people like Sudras etc cannot do it ? What is the substitute prayer for them ?(I amnt asking verses to prove all Varnas can do Sandyavandan or Upanayana etc but only asking on a assumption that its only for 3 Varnas then what about rest)

I am not answering this question since Sandhya-Vandana should be opened to all.

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