Below is a tabulated form of the friends, the neutrals and the enemies of each graha as per Jyotisha. (Source):

Graha Friend Neutral Enemy
Surya Chandra, Mangala, Guru Budha Shukra, Shani
Chandra Surya, Guru Mangala, Budha, Shukra, Shani -
Mangala Surya, Chandra, Guru Shukra, Shani Budha
Budha Surya, Shukra Mangala, Guru, Shani Chandra
Guru Surya, Chandra, Mangala Shani Budha, Shukra
Shukra Budha, Shani Mangala, Guru Surya, Chandra
Shani Budha, Shukra Guru Surya, Chandra, Mangala

Interestingly if one observes, some of these relationships have a Puranic backing. For example,

  1. Due to the Tarakama Yuddha, Budha hates Chandra for his misdemeanour, Guru being Guru of even Chandra, is friendly with him but is inimical towards the product of Chandra’s misdemeanour i.e. Budha.
  2. Surya hates Shani for supposedly eclipsing him when he was born.
  3. Guru hates Shukra being Daitya Guru. Wonder why Shukra doesn’t reciprocate?
  4. Surya Chandra Mangala Guru are mutual friends (except one case of neutrality), which can be attributed to Guru being these Deva planets’ Guru.

Are there any such Puranic legends which can serve in providing the reason for the friendly, neutral and inimical relationships between Grahas. If yes, please mention very briefly (1-2 lines per relation) with citation.

If besides those mentioned, there are none, then please provide some basis or logic for their relationships like their nature of Deva, Daitya, etc.; Varna; ruling tattvas, etc. or another logic/ way for easy remembrance as is traditionally taught. It’s very difficult to remember otherwise.

Note: Mentioning incidents and citation from Purāṇa is sufficient eg. tarakama Yuddha, Matsya Purāṇa Chapter XYZ, else answer will become very long. If no story then basic explanation with 2-3 examples for the traditional way/logic/basis for remembering will suffice. Also do correct if something above has been written down wrongly. Information about Rahu Ketu is more than welcome.

  • 2
    Philosophically Vayu, Prithvi elements are one category and Agni, Jala are other category. Shani and Sun are mutual enemies. Moon is only Jala and has no enemies. Guru represents Akasa and no one considers him enemy. Prithvi is slightly different to Vayu. If you understand what exactly are Panchabhutas and how they are everywhere, you can understand easily these relationships.
    – The Destroyer
    Oct 19, 2021 at 13:24
  • @TheDestroyer thanks :) What about Shukra who’s Jala?
    – Adiyarkku
    Oct 19, 2021 at 13:58
  • 1
    Every planet has more than one element but one element is predominating. BHPS 3.28 say "सुखी कान्तवपुः श्रेष्ठः सुलोचनो भृगोः सुतः। काव्यकर्ता कफाधिक्योऽनिलात्मा वक्रमृधैजः॥२८ ॥ Description of Sukra. Sukra is charming, has a splendorous physique, is excellent, or great in disposition, has charming eyes, is a poet, is kapha (phlegmatic) and Anila (windy) and has curly hair". He also has Air element since it is "seed of desire". It owns One Air (which is Mulatrikona) and one earthy sign. So, it is friend of Saturn and Saturn also like venus in return due to Air element.
    – The Destroyer
    Oct 19, 2021 at 15:15


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