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As mentioned in this question and answers, Dattatreya is depicted with dogs.

At the same time dogs are considered not allowed at places of worship; example is quoted in this question.

When dogs are considered lower class among animals why Dattatreya has them? What is the significance? How can dogs be allowed when they are not?

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  • Dogs are only ever discouraged in regards to heaven and houses. Dattatreya is technically homeless. Also, dogs dismissal could be for other reasons than lower class. Maybe there is a prophecy of a heaven destroying dog, so they are afraid of them. Dec 11 '21 at 21:30
  • Don't think so. In Adi parva of Mahabharata also has story about dog coming near Janamejaya's sacrifice and them chasing our away. It is not only about heaven. There are numerous references saying if one commits sin, lower order animals birth (including as dogs).
    – Kanthri
    Dec 11 '21 at 22:48
  • That would also make sense with other explanations, as the entire point of a Yajna is to invoke gods. Thus, for example, if they were afraid of them for prophecy reasons it would have the same effect. Also, the birth of literally all animals, including the revered cows is described as lower than humans, so dogs being lower than humans doesn't indicate their cleanliness/class. Dec 12 '21 at 0:48
  • I think them being afraid of dogs makes more sense, because Gabriel, who is almost certainly the evil Deva (Gandharva) Kali is sometimes described as being afraid of dogs in other religions. It is probably due to some prophecy or knowledge they know humans do not. It is probably a minuscule risk of a few specific but unknown dogs that only becomes relevant when you live as long as the Devas. Dec 12 '21 at 0:55
  • @AupakaranaAbhibhaa What?? Gabriel is what?? Gabriel is an angel. Why are comparing him with Kali who is Hindu version of Satan?
    – user22253
    Dec 15 '21 at 5:18
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A lot of deities have dogs. They is even a prayer to the dogs of Rudra.

  1. To Rudra's howling dogs, who swallow their food without blessing, who have wide jaws, I have made this obeisance.
  1. Through the air he flies, looking down upon all beings: with the majesty of the heavenly dog, with that oblation would we pay homage to thee!
  2. The three kâlakâñga that are fixed upon the sky like gods, all these I have called for help, to render this person exempt from injury.
  3. In the waters is thy origin, upon the heavens thy home, in the middle of the sea, and upon the earth thy greatness. With the majesty of the heavenly dog, with that oblation would we pay homage to thee!
  1. The two dogs of Yama, the black and the brindled one, that guard the road (to heaven), that have been despatched, shall not (go after) thee! Come hither, do not long to be away; do not tarry here with thy mind turned to a distance!

https://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/av.htm

I think a much better explanation for the apparent disregard of dogs is that Devas are afraid of them. This can be explained with fated nemeses of the Devas, who are dogs. This is like the four horses of the four horsemen of the apocalypse mentioned in the Bhavishya Purana are to humans. I hope we can realise hating horses or thinking they are impure based on that is not going to accomplish anything good. These verses make more sense in that light. The long-tongued dog is apparently especially troublesome for the Devas.

With dog the Gods, perplexed, have paid oblation, and with cow's limbs in sundry sacrifices.

https://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/av/av07005.htm

  1. FOR first possession of your juice, for the exhilarating drink, Drive ye away the dog, my friends, drive ye the long-tongued dog away.

https://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv09101.htm

Dogs also seem to be good at being nemises, even if not malevolent to the completely innocent. There is a dog in the Ramayana, who despite not using any weapons, manages took seal a much worse fate for a Brahmana who wronged him. He did this instead of asking for punishment giving him a blessing he knows he will misuse and pay even worse for. Such cold blooded vengence is fitting for the nemises of the Devas. Read about it here.

It is only a few dogs/one dog that the Devas are worried about. The issue is they do not know which ones are the dangerous ones fated to be their mortal enemies, so they just avoid contact with all of them. Devas (with the exception of the paranoid Kali, who stays much further away) are okay so long as they are not in sight of a dog. It is possible that they are like Vishvamitra, Devapi, and Maru and lead normal-ish full lives before they start fully leading down their fated, legendary destiny.


The explanation of how a the dangerous dogs can get so powerful, while remaining dogs, seems to be given in the Satapatha Brahmana (part of Yajur Veda).

It is worded weirdly, so its meaning is kind of unclear, especially without context from later scriptures. Here a dog, probably one of the dangerous ones, interrupts a horse sacrifice. While it is killed, the wording implies it is still a threat. Then it is (temporarily) stopped by a superpowered horse. The dog is also four-eyed, implying it is related to the dogs of Yama.

But his wicked enemy seeks to lay hold of him who performs the horse-sacrifice, and the horse is a thunderbolt;--having killed the four-eyed dog, he--with 'Undone[9] is the man! undone is the dog!'--plunges[10] it under the horse's feet: it is by means of the thunderbolt he thus stamps him down; and the wicked enemy does not lay hold of him.

This suggests one of the main reasons the dangerous dogs are so difficult for the Devas to deal with is they cannot be kept dead and constantly reassemble their bodies as the most insanely powerful zombies ever. At most all the Devas can do is delay them. Plus the dogs probably get stronger over time, due to experience.

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