We frequently encounter the phenomenon of "someone possessing the others" in the scriptures. One example can be found here. I provided below another example of kali possessing Nala.

"Vrihadaswa said


Kali, that vilest of the celestials, filled with wrath


And when the gods had gone away, Kali said unto Dwapara, 'I am ill able, O Dwapara, to suppress my anger. I shall possess Nala, deprive him of his kingdom, and he shall no more sport with Bhima's daughter. Entering the dice, it behoveth thee to help me.'"

[Section 58, Nalopakhyana Parva, Vana Parva , The Mahabharata]

I think that it cannot be para kaya pravesa as it generally happens between humans. But in the examples, it did not happen between humans and it happened between devtas/asuras and humans.

What exactly is possessing in this context?

  • I would have thought the literal one, like with demonic possession makes sense given the story. Do you have any reason to believe differently? Dec 13, 2021 at 22:59
  • Also, this is clearly a mistranslation. Earlier in the same text Kali is clearly a Deva too Dec 13, 2021 at 23:01
  • @AupakaranaAbhibhaa Since Kali is a devata, I think this phenomenon is different from apra kaya pravesa that happens between humans.
    – hanugm
    Dec 13, 2021 at 23:07
  • Possession happens between humans? Dec 13, 2021 at 23:13
  • @AupakaranaAbhibhaa I mean para kaya pravesa. Please see the example I provided.
    – hanugm
    Dec 13, 2021 at 23:23


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