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What is the work of a Murdhabhishikta (BrahmKshatriya) caste ?

Murdhabhishikta - Child born from Brahmin Father and Kshatriya mother.

Can he become a priest ?

I think he can become priest or officiate any yagya but he can't accept daan as he is born from Kshatriya woman.

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Such a son is a Brahmin. So it seems he can adopt the occupations that are prescribed for a Brahmin.

Manu Smriti 10.6 says:


स्त्रीष्वनन्तरजातासु द्विजैरुत्पादितान् सुतान् ।
सदृशानेव तानाहुर्मातृदोषविगर्हितान् ॥ ६ ॥

strīṣvanantarajātāsu dvijairutpāditān sutān |
sadṛśāneva tānāhurmātṛdoṣavigarhitān || 6 ||

The sons begotten by twice-born men on wives of the next lower castes, they declare to be equal, tainted as they are by the defect of their mothers.—(6)

On the same page we find quotes from Dharmasutras of Baudhayana:


Baudhāyana (1.16.7-12, 16; 1.17.7, 8, 11-14).—‘Sons born of wives of the second or third lower castes are Ambaṣṭhas, Ugras and Niṣādas. Of females wedded in the inverse order are born Āyogavas, Māgadhas, Vaiṇas, Kṣattṛs, Pulkasas, Kukkuṭas, Vaidehakas and Caṇḍālas. An Ambaṣṭha begets on a woman of the first caste, a Śvapāka; an Ugra on a woman of the second caste, a Vaiṇa; a Niṣāda on a woman of the third caste, a Pulkasa; in the contrary case, a Kukkuṭaka is produced. I may quote the following—“Those sons whom an uninitiated man begets, the wise call Vrāṭyas, who are excluded from the Śāvitrī.” A Brāhmana begets on a woman of the Ksatriya caste, a Brāhmaṇa; on a woman of the Vaiśya caste, an Ambaṣṭha; on a woman of the Śūdra caste, a Niṣāda,—according to some, a Pāraśava. A Kṣatriya begets on a female of the Vaiśya caste, a Kṣatriya; on a female of the Śūdra caste, an Ugra. A Vaiśya begets on a female of the Śūdra caste, a Rathakāra. A Śūdra begets on a female of the Vaiśya caste, a Magadha; on a female of the Kṣatriya caste, a Kṣattṛ; but on a female of the Brāhmaṇa caste, a Caṇḍāla. A Vaiśya begets on a female of the Kṣatriya caste, an Āyogava; on a female of the Brāhmaṇa caste, a Sūta. If among these a n Ambaṣṭha male and an Ugra female unite, their son shall be born in the regular order; if a Kṣattṛ male and a Vaidehaka female unite the son born shall be in the inverse order. An Ugra begets on a female of the Kṣattṛ caste, a Śvapāka; a Vaidehaka on a female of the Ambaṣṭha caste, a Vaiṇa; a Niṣāda on a female of the Śūdra caste, a Pulkasa; a Śūdra on a woman of the Niṣāda caste, a Kukkuṭaka.—The wise declare that those sprung from an intermixture of castes are Vrātyas.’

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  • Is there anything written that he can't accept daan ? In Mbh serial starplus , Dronacharya had said that sons of Rishi Bhardwaj don't accept daan. ( Rishi Bhardwaj married only a ksatriya woman Susheela). ( Not sure if it is written in some book or not) This is why Drona didn't accept Gurudakshina from Pandavs and Kauravs but instead asked them a specific thing i.e. to defeat Drupad.
    – river
    Jan 29, 2022 at 7:02
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    I don't know about that. But if his caste is Brahmin then he should be allowed to do everything that a Brahmin is allowed @river
    – Rickross
    Jan 29, 2022 at 7:05
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Well, as per the Āpastamba Dharma-Sūtra [Praśna II, Paṭala 6, Khaṇḍa 13], only the son begotten from a wife of equal caste may follow their father's profession.

प्रश्न २, षठः पटल, खण्ड १३

सवर्णापूर्वशास्त्रविहितायां यथतु गच्छतः पुत्रास्तेषां कर्मभिस्सम्बन्धः ॥१॥

  1. Sons begotten by a man who approaches in the proper season a woman of equal caste, who has not belonged to another man, and who has been married legally, have a right to (follow) the occupations (of their castes).

Translation by Georg Bühler


Therefore, to answer the question asked:

Can he (a Murdhabhishikta/BrahmKshatriya) become a priest?

No.

Purely basis the Āpastamba Dharma-Sūtra, a Murdhabhishikta/BrahmKshatriya cannot become a priest

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