Shiva married divine mother twice, once when She was incarnated as Sati and another when she was incarnated as Parvati. Mahashivaratri is popularly known for Shiva-Parvati marriage. Was both marriage days same which we celebrate as Mahashivaratri ? If not,which day Shiva married Sati? Do we celebrate this day as one of the auspicious day like Mahashivaratri too?

1 Answer 1


As per the description of the Śiva Purana, it doesn't seem to be on the Maha-Śivaratri which is famously observed in the Magha.

Chapter 18 - Marriage of Śiva and Satī, Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa, Śiva Purana

  1. In the bright half of the month of Caitra (March-April) on the thirteenth day when the star was Uttarā Phalguni on a Sunday, lord Śiva started.

  2. Going ahead, with all the devas, led by Brahmā and Viṣṇu and accompanied by the sages, Śiva shone brilliantly.

  3. Great festivities were arranged by Devas and the attendants of Śiva who were in the happiest mood, on their way.

  4. The hides of elephant and tiger, the serpents, the crescent moon and the matted hair, all became fitting ornaments and embellishments at Śiva’s will.

  5. Then in a trice, Śiva reached Dakṣa’s abode seated on his speedy bull and along with Viṣṇu and others.

  6. With great humility and boundless joy, Dakṣa along with his people welcomed Him.

  7. The Devas and their attendants were honoured by Dakṣa. The sages were seated in their due order.

  8. Then Dakṣa took Śiva within the house along with the devas and the sages.

  9. The delighted Dakṣa worshipped lord Śiva, after offering him an excellent seat.

  10. He worshipped Viṣṇu, me, the brahmins, devas and the Gaṇas of Śiva, with great devotion and in a fitting manner.

  11. After performing the suitable worship, Dakṣa in the presence of respectable sages announced the marriage agreement.

  12. Then Dakṣa, my son, knelt before me, his father, with pleasure and said—“O lord, the marriage rites shall be performed by you.”

  13. Saying ‘Amen’ I got up with a delightful heart and performed the preliminary rites.

  14. Then in an auspicious conjunction of stars with the planets in a propitious position, Dakṣa joyfully gave his daughter Satī to Siva.

  15. As a part of the rites of marriage the delighted Śiva grasped the hand of Satī of comely appearance.

English Translation by J.L. Shastri

  • So, while the Maha-Shivratri is observed on the 14th day of the Krishna Paksha in the Magha or Phalguna Month (varying as per the amanta used), the marriage of Shiva & Sati was performed in the Chaitra Month, as per the Shiva Purana.

  • And, The only known festival or vrata, according to me, which is followed on a trayodashi of every month is the bi-monthly Pradosha Vrata. (cf. Agni Purana Ch. 191)

  • One more question is left: " Do we celebrate this day as one of the auspicious day like Mahashivaratri too?"
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Mar 11, 2022 at 8:10
  • Not a major festival, but I think it's a part of the bi-monthly Pradosh Vrata. @TheLittleNaruto
    – Vivikta
    Mar 11, 2022 at 8:18

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