Prakriti is used in a variety of ways in Sanskrit literature.
(‘the natural or original principle,’ ‘that which produces effects’)
This is one of the most widely used words in Sanskrit literature as
also in the Hindu scriptures.
In the most basic sense, it means nature or a natural quality.
In Vedic sacrifices, it means a model yāga—like the Darśa or the
Pūrṇamāsa—others based on it being called ‘vikṛtis’.
In grammar it represents the basic form of a word.
In the Sāṅkhya Darśana, it represents pradhāna, the basic material
cause of the universe, comprising the three guṇas—sattva, rajas and
tamas. This concept has generally been accepted by almost all the
schools of Vedānta.
In Advaita Vedānta it stands for māyā at the cosmic level and avidyā
(ignorance) at the individual level.
In Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta it is called ‘acit’ (the unconscious
principle) and accepted as a permanent reality, but under the control
of Īśvara or God.
The Dvaita Vedānta considers it as having two aspects: the citprakṛti
(conscious entity same as Lakṣmī, the divine consort of Viṣṇu) and the
acitprakṛti or the unconscious basic material cause of the world.
In the Śāktatantras prakṛti is the Divine Mother who appears in five
forms. They are: Durgā, Rādhā, Lakṣmī, Sarasvatī and Sāvitrī. These
five goddesses are responsible for creation.
In the Āyurveda (health sciences) it stands for the general condition
of the body.
The Bhagavadgītā (7.4, 5) describes prakṛti as representing two
aspects of the Lord’s power, the aparā (lower) and the parā (the
higher). The former comprises eight unconscious material objects and
the latter, the conscious jīva (individual soul).
In political science (vide Yājñavalkya Smṛti 1.353; Kauṭilya’s
Arthaśāstra 6.1) the word stands for the seven rājyāṅgas or
constituents of the state.
In Sanskrit poetry, it is the name of a particular metre with 21
letters or syllables per line.
A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism by Swami Harshananda
Prakrit consists of 3 gunas from the point of view of Sankhya Darsana.
Then again Gita says the following:
My Nature (prakrtih) is divided into eight categories: earth, water,
fire, air, sky, mind, understanding, and I-sense.
This, O mighty armed, is My lower nature. Know that, as different from
it, is My higher nature forming the source of all Jivas and the
support of the whole universe.
From the Guna point of view Prakrti has only three components. From Gita point of view lower Prakriti has 8 components while there is also higher Prakriti which is Maya Shakti of Brahman.