According to Hindu Vaishnava theology the stories concerning the gopis are said to exemplify Suddha-bhakti which is described as The highest form of unconditional love for God (Krishna).

But as old Epics and shastra said that those are wifes of krishna.

  • Gopies wanted Krishna would love only me and that's why they behave like they are Lord Krishna's wife. According to ancient shastra Bhagvadgeeta says The 16000 wives of Krishna were not the Gopis of Brindavan. They were princesses captured by Narakasura and freed by Krishna in battle. ref: Bhagavata. – Keneth Mar 27 '15 at 19:09
  1. The 16000 wives of Krishna were not the Gopis of Brindavan. They were princesses captured by Narakasura and freed by Krishna in battle. ref: Bhagavata purana

  2. Gopis do exemplify Suddha bhakti and their relationship to Krishna is not that of the material world. It is divine, esoteric and can be understood through study and penance. Many commentators on the Bhagavata purana have expounded on gopi bhakti/rasa leela etc. as sublime , divine communion of the jeevatma with the paramatma.

  3. In the concept of madhura bhakti, all creatures (male and female) are wives of the paramAtma because we are representative of prakRti and are sustained by paramAtma. Also, it is the nearest equivalent of the closest human relationship one can imagine.

  • You should cite sources. – Keshav Srinivasan Jan 26 '15 at 18:10
  • Why did you remove that Srimad Bhagavatam link? It seemed perfectly valid to me: "There Lord Kṛṣṇa saw sixteen thousand royal maidens, whom Bhauma had taken by force from various kings.The women became enchanted when they saw that most excellent of males enter. In their minds they each accepted Him, who had been brought there by destiny, as their chosen husband. With the thought “May providence grant that this man become my husband,” each and every princess absorbed her heart in contemplation of Kṛṣṇa." That webpage gives the original Sanskrit as well. – Keshav Srinivasan Jul 17 '15 at 17:31

Krishna had mainly eight wives , So he was called as Ashtabharya (ashta=eight, bharya=wife) because of that. Different scriptures list their names differently. According to Bhagavata purana names of the eight wives in order were

  • Rukmini,
  • Satyabhama,
  • Jambavati,
  • Kalindi,
  • Mitravinda,
  • Nagnajiti,
  • Bhadra and
  • Lakshmana.

The demon king Narakasura had kidnapped 16,100 (some sources say 16,000 probably for the sake of ease) women and held them in his captivity in his capital Pragjyotisha.

After krishna released 16,100 women that Narakasura had in captivity. When krishna asked them to return to their houses, they refused. They were aware that the society of that age would not take back those who were taken by another man. So they were left with nowhere to go.When Krishna asked them what they wanted to do, they all wanted Krishna to marry them.

Krishna married them all at the same auspicious time assuming that many bodies, so they could gain status of married women and live in the society with honor again. Krishna constructed them each a palace with huge gardens full of colorful flowers, It was impossible to live with each of them so he created 16100 forms of himself so that he could treat them all in the same manner as his 8 wives. Scriptures say that each of them had 10 sons and 1 daughter.

  • You should cite sources. – Keshav Srinivasan Jan 26 '15 at 18:11
  • @Keshav - Why down vote? What is written as answer is absolutely right as per Srimad Bhagavata Purana and other puranas also. – user808 Jun 26 '15 at 18:35
  • @Krishna I didn't downvote it, but in any case I wasn't disputing the correctness of the answer. It's just that answers on this site are supposed to be backed up with sources (preferably scripture), so I was just asking the user to add sources. – Keshav Srinivasan Jun 26 '15 at 19:44

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