I checked wikipedia and according to it there is no scriptual reference of Santoshi Mata in Hindu texts and she just gained popularity after 1960 movie 'Jai Santoshi Maa'. After reading the wiki article it seems as if she is a self created new goddess. Can somebody please explain which hindu texts contains the story of Santoshi Mata and about her other legends ?

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    Yes, it is true that there is absolutely no record of Santhoshi Maa before the 1960's, and then she was popularized by the 1975 movie. – Keshav Srinivasan Jan 30 '15 at 16:16
  • No, Santoshi Mata is not Hindu goddess. She is just production of a movie for sure. The movie was released on Friday so woman used to fast on Friday :) it is really funny but it is really true. – Vipul Hadiya Nov 30 '15 at 19:36
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    @Vipul Actually Santhoshi Mata was worshipped for 15 years before the movie was made, although the movie is what popularized her. But yeah, there's no record of her before the 1960's. – Keshav Srinivasan Dec 1 '15 at 6:16

Santhoshi Mata has absolutely no basis in Hindu scripture. The earliest mention of her is in a modern-day Hindi pamphlet called the Santhoshi Mata Vrata Katha, which you can read here. In any case, there is absolutely no record of Santhoshi Mata before the 1960's, when her first five temples were stablished. Here's what this journal paper says:

Art historian Michael Brand traced the history of the goddess’ worship to the early 1960s, when five temples to Santoshi Ma were dedicated at widely-separated sites in northern India.

Also, these temples were not originally Santhoshi Mata; rather they were temples to other goddesses which were converted to Santhoshi Mata temples. Here's what this book says about the Jodhpur Santhoshi Mata temple:

In fact, although a temple to her existed in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, she had evidently not been known very long under that name or in that form even there. Before 1967 the temple now dedicated to her had belonged to a goddess called Lal Sagar ki Mata, "The Mother of the Red Lake," near whose banks it stands, and the characteristics of the earlier goddess diverged in important respects from those of Santhoshi Ma. Most significantly, Lal Sagar ki Mata was a carnivore, to whom goats and other animals were periodically sacrificed, whereas Santhoshi Ma is a vegetarian, with chickpeas and unrefined sugar at the center of her diet.

In any case, Santhoshi Mata was popularized by the 1975 movie Jai Santhoshi Maa, which also introduced the notion that Santhoshi Maa is Ganesha's daughter, something that's not even mentioned in the Santhoshi Mata Vrata Katha. For the record, the only children of Ganesha mentioned in Hindu scripture are his sons Shubha and Labha, there's no reference to him having a daughter.

  • Thanks for adding in more details about the temples and providing again a good answer. Btw, I generally read Kshema instead of Shubh as Lord Ganesha's son along with Laabh. Does any scripture mentions Shubh instead of Kshema? – Aby Nov 6 '16 at 7:53

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