"The evil is that the soul of every man, when it is greatly pleased or pained by anything, is compelled to believe that the object which caused the emotion is very distinct and very true; but it is not. These objects are mostly the visible ones, are they not?” “Certainly.”

“And when this occurs, is not the soul most completely put in bondage by the body?”

“How so?”

“Because each pleasure or pain nails it as with a nail to the body and rivets it on and makes it corporeal, so that it fancies the things are true which the body says are true."

Plato, Phaedo

How would Hindu theologians respond to this quote? Would they agree or disagree?

  • 1
    What does Plato mean by soul? Does he mean a human or the Atman? If he means a human then what he says will agree with Vedanta. If he means the Atman then there will be disagreement. A clear understanding of soul is needed to answer this question. Sep 27, 2022 at 5:20
  • I am not be a scholar but the following observations were made. 1) Plato says that a person mistakes the non-real to be real after interacting with it. However Vedanta says that it is due to the influence of avidya which causes a person to mistake the non-real to be real 2) Plato states that emotion drags the soul into a corporeal form, but our doctrine states that the fruits of karma driven by intellect are solely responsible for the soul's corporeal form.
    – অনু
    Sep 27, 2022 at 9:41


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