Short Question: Why Lord Shiva fulfilled wishes for evil people also?
Because, Everyone is entitled to get all their wishes fulfilled!
Shiva is another name of Supreme Brahman, & everything is part of that Brahman including good & evil. Shiva fulfilling Raavana's wish is as good as, Brahman itself wishing & fulfilling itself.
Now here "Lord Shiva", one should refer to "Any simple/easygoing (भोला) form of God", because Shiva like God should not be just limited to traditional Hinduism. Such lord is equal for everyone inside/outside the earth before, during, beyond religion.
Why Lord Shiva fulfills ed wishes desires for evil all people always also?
For example, if the current human population of 7 billion humans desire that "I want to become the richest person on the earth for X years", then it can happen for all the 7 billion for sure!
Yes, it will take due time depending on one's Praarabdha Karma and Other Karma. His/her wish is bound to be fulfilled in this birth or the births afterwards.
Once the desires are attached to Soul (जीव/Jiva), its current/upcoming body will also deviate its efforts towards fulfilling that desire.
A soul will take body after body to fulfill the wish.
Such philosophy would spawn various questions. Will refer the answers from the Bhagvad Gita. So we should go into a different direction from the actual question asked to explain the same.
Question 1. For fulfillment of the permutations/combination (योग/Yoga) for so many souls' so many desires would require (nearly) infinite time duration. Isn't it impractical?
From our point of view, the required time is infinite, but if look into the overall picture, God indeed has plenty of time.
By human calculation, a thousand ages taken together form the duration
of Brahmā’s one day. And such also is the duration of his night.
At the beginning of Brahmā’s day, all living entities become manifest
from the unmanifest state, and thereafter, when the night falls, they
are merged into the unmanifest again.
Again and again, when Brahmā’s day arrives, all living entities come
into being, and with the arrival of Brahmā’s night they are helplessly
- People have different opinion about human age (i.e. युग/Yuga), but
definitely the 1 day duration of Bhrahma is quite
large by human standard.
We don't know how many such Bhrahma days have passed and would
- With the visible universe having 10^22 stars, there can be many more
earth like planets existing for execution of desires.
- Soul can have all kind of desires and God has large amount of birthplaces (योनि/Yoni)
In brief God has enough amount of 1-time, 2-resource and 3-bandwidth to fulfill each and every desire of each and every Soul.
What we are today is result of our Karma and Desires.
Question-2. If every desire is going to be fulfilled, then it doesn't
seem like an achievement. Then why should I desire for something?
Yes, you are right. Ideally one shouldn't desire for material things but to get rid of birth/death cycle. :-)
From the highest planet in the material world down to the lowest, all
are places of misery wherein repeated birth and death take place. But
one who attains to My abode, O son of Kuntī, never takes birth again.
There can be many good wishes:
- being powerful/rich man,
- having beautiful spouse,
- getting 1st rank in exams,
- able to invent something new,
- earning money in a game show,
- always loved and respected for being generous,
- getting appreciated for one's profession,
- being expert and knowledgeable,
- have great holiday with family or friends,
- getting awarded of being most beautiful/handsome,
- having a child which is admired by everyone
- getting employed in the best firm
- having maximum followers of your own religion!
There can be many bad wishes:
- getting assassinated by a dear friend in any birth,
- earning money for years and loosing in days,
- getting killed from the highest peak in the world,
- getting exploded in any kind of aircraft,
- join a company as a CEO and bring it down,
- become a country dictator and cause havoc in world ,
- taking amplified revenge for someone's misdeed,
- becoming a cause of whole stock market crash
- murder highest number of people so far
- cuckolding someone or being cuckolded
- having maximum followers of your own religion!
Let's consider Soul's desire of being the most rich/powerful person. This can primarily be fulfilled in 2 ways based on Karma:
[A] Getting birth in the family of the most rich/powerful and taking the
legacy forward. Now here, one cannot appreciate own greatness due to lack of experiencing the lower levels and the misery comes when the body start feeling being trapped in a golden cage. It soon starts envying some of the trivial happiness other normal people feel.
[B] Getting birth in lower family and carving out the way to become the most
rich/powerful person. But those people also have to go through boring schools, work for day and night, listen to people's taunts, health/family compromises.
Above are just examples. They may or may not occur to individual Soul. But the misery will come in one or other form. The ultimate misery will come when the Soul realizes, "Ok, I have become the most rich/powerful, so what?"
Question-3. How to get rid of having desires and liberated from birth & death cycle?
With body having 3 virtues (त्रिगुण / 3 Gunas) of
- Illumination/Enlightenment (Satva)
- Attachment/Passion (Rajas)
- Delusion/Ignorance (Tamas)
The desires may get generated and we act accordingly.
Material nature consists of three modes – goodness, passion and
ignorance. When the eternal living entity comes in contact with
nature, O mighty-armed Arjuna, he becomes conditioned by these modes.
The subsequent verses describe about those 3 elements from which one may derive a conclusion:
Illumination (Good) > Attachment (Bad) > Delusion (Ugly)
But that doesn't mean that "Goodness" should be maximum to get liberated. With any % combination, a soul can get liberated provided following ...
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: O son of Pāṇḍu, he who does
not hate illumination, attachment and delusion when they are present
or long for them when they disappear; who is unwavering and
undisturbed through all these reactions of the material qualities,
remaining neutral and transcendental, knowing that the modes alone are
active; who is situated in the self and regards alike happiness and
distress; who looks upon a lump of earth, a stone and a piece of gold
with an equal eye; who is equal toward the desirable and the
undesirable; who is steady, situated equally well in praise and blame,
honor and dishonor; who treats alike both friend and enemy; and who
has renounced all material activities – such a person is said to have
transcended the modes of nature.
It's not trivial for everyone to live without desires. But one should control by not getting associated to it. The moment you get associated to it, you make your case stronger for next birth/death ;-)
e.g. If a person desires richness/power, then might get associated depending on those 3 virtues (just examples/situations):
- More % Illuminated: I want to become rich/powerful by honesty and hard work
- More % Passionate: I have to become rich/powerful and I will
- More % Ignorance: I am rich by my standards
In the 1st, 2nd case, god may help you becoming rich/powerful but finally you may go through misery as discussed in the Question-2 [A] and [B] respectively.
In the 3rd case, you may go through misery when God makes you realize that actually either you were not the most rich/powerful or you haven't properly defined the most rich/powerful in your dictionary.
The number of births would increase until you realize the misery!
For the liberated soul, the richness/power doesn't matter.
Exactly like how the dust on the road we are walking doesn't matter.
- If it has rained, the dust will smell pleasant; (good)
- If it's windy, one may put his palm in front of the eyes to protect;
- If it's dirty, it may spoil cloths when a vehicle passes by;
But in all the cases for a common man, it won't matter. The moment you start cherishing the smell or complaining the dusty wind on your eyes or start laughing at someone's spoiled cloths, you probably might have associated yourself.
Question-4. "Not associated" leads to actually "not doing anything". So should we not do any deed (Karma) or go to some lonely place or be
idle or suicide?
You have a right to perform your prescribed duty, but you are not
entitled to the fruits of action. Never consider yourself the cause of
the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing
From the previous common man example,
- If dust smells good or bad then one may inhale it or close the
nose, but doesn't stop breathing in any case. Breathing is one's duty
and should not be stopped because something is good or bad.
- If dust is windy then one may protect eyes or slow down or stop or
return. But shouldn't repent on self for reaching late or not
reaching for interview. It was not destined to reach on time.
- If dust is gross and has spoiled someone's cloths by some vehicle
then laugh at him/her only if you are ready to be in his/her place
at any point of time. Shout at the driver or curse him only if you
are ready to be such driver at any point of time.
Depending on the situations, one shall act based on own conscience, but no strings attached.
Before concluding this answer, I will list down some of the famous historic "wish fulfillment" by Lord Shiva, which worked against the seeker:
- Raavana: He was awarded immortality in form of nectar in his navel
and supremacy against other gods, beasts, serpents, raakshashas but
except mortal men. Finally he got killed by Shri Ram (human form) and
ended up loosing all his wealth+power. Still today he is remembered
for bad reasons despite of having many noble qualities and people
burn his effigy on Dussera, which is non-sense.
- Draupadi: She insisted for a husband with 14 qualities. In her
afterbirth, she had to marry 5 Paandavas to get it but was taunted with
insults of practicing polyandry during Mahabharata era. Till
today I hear jokes about her, which is bad.
- Ashwatthama: To protect the remaining Paandava's army, Krishna appointed a raakshasha (form of Shiva) as a guard during the night he
was going out with 5 Paandavas. But Ashwatthama with mind of full of
vengeance, pleased that form of Shiva and even dilute that rakshasha
powers inside him to create havoc over the huge Paandava army. He
killed many warriors, sons of Paandava while they were sleeping. This
was a great sin during that time. He even wanted to kill the granson
of Arjuna who was still an unborn infant. But it failed and
ultimately ended up getting curse from Krishna. Till today it's said
that he roams around the world without any help for his sufferings,
which is sad.