I have been reading the following Wikipedia page on Dvaita Vedanta and came across the five great differences, two of them being the following:

Between matter and jīvātman.

Between various types of matter.

What verses in the Vedas and Upanishads and other shastras support these claims?

PS: I am neither an Advaitin nor a Dvaitin. I am trying to see and understand the logic and merits of both subschools of Vedanta. Therefore, my intent is not the challenge and "defeat" these particular schools, but I want to see how they respond to each other's arguments.

  • - Between matter and jivatman - Jivatman is a soul, independent of body, hence matter. This is self evident.
    – user29449
    Dec 19, 2023 at 15:20
  • @AbhasKumarSinha Not according to Advaita who point to the following verses found in Wikipedia page on the Mahavakyas. Furthermore, "atma" can refer to identity and so one can say that Advaita preaches the identity of everything is Brahman.
    – Debbie
    Dec 19, 2023 at 15:35
  • sarvam khalv idam brahma - All of this is brahman (Chāndogya Upaniṣad 3.14.1)
    – Debbie
    Dec 19, 2023 at 15:35
  • etad vai tat - This, verily, is That (Katha Upanishad)
    – Debbie
    Dec 19, 2023 at 15:35
  • 1
    "How do we see the world as it really is?" The world is the same, which appears differently due to ignorance (Advaita). In Davita, the reality of the world is self-established. "World" is an improper word, rather, how consciousness perceives is the correct usage.
    – user29449
    Dec 20, 2023 at 8:14

1 Answer 1


I found an answer here which cites various verses Shri Madhavacharya included in his works on Dvaita Vedanda.


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