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As the title explains, why do we have specific days to worship specific gods? For example

  • Sunday - Lord Surya
  • Monday - Lord Shiva
  • Tuesday - Lord Ganesha
  • Wednesday - Lord Vithal
  • Thursday - Sai Baba, Lord Vishnu
  • Friday - Mahalakshmi
  • Saturday - Hanuman, Shani Bhagwan

So is there any reason behind this?

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    Actually, Lord Hanuman's day is Tuesday. but many do worship even on Saturday as Shani says that his disciples could do worship to Lord Hanuman in one story which I don't remember. – Mr_Green Jun 29 '14 at 12:47
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    @Mr_Green Yea, over here, some people worship Hanuman on tuesdays but majority of them worship him on saturday – Mr. Alien Jun 29 '14 at 12:48
  • @Mr.Alien As Green said Tuesday is for Hanumanji, he got worshiped on Saturday because during test of hanumaji shani got injured. And shani promised to Hanuman that he will not harm Rama's worshipers and Hanumat's worship will also save people from Shani's anger. – Ankit Sharma Jun 29 '14 at 17:10
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    And Friday is for – Mahalakshmi, Santhosi Ma, Annapuraneshwari and Durga. – Ankit Sharma Jun 29 '14 at 17:27
  • yeah, in our state also Friday is for Santoshi Maa. – Be Happy Jun 30 '14 at 3:02
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Actually, the days were not dedicated to any particular god, but to particular planets as per jyotishi. Since the astrologers calculated and formulated rules for time keeping, they used celestial objects as their reference. So each day is dedicated to a particular celestial object found in astrology:

Ravi-var (Ravi - Sun)
Soma-var (Soma - Moon)
Mangal-var (Mangal - Mars)
Budha-var (Budha - Mercury)
Guru-var / Brihaspati-var (Guru/Brihaspati - Jupiter)
Shukra-var (Shukra - Venus)
Shani-var (Shani - Saturn)

But later on due to different reasons like a god's appearance, birth day, or as certain events in mythology took place on a specific day, that day was started to be celebrated for that particular god.

For example, it is believed that Hanuman was born on a Tuesday. Hence, that day is dedicated to him. Lord Shiva holds up the moon on his head, hence known as Chandrasekhara. So moonday (Monday) is dedicated to Shiva. Thursday being dedicated to Brihaspati, the guru of gods, Lord Vishnu is worshipped on this day. It is because Lord Vishnu is Brihaspati Himself:

purodhasāṁ ca mukhyaṁ māṁ viddhi pārtha bṛhaspatim [BG - 10.24]
O Partha (Arjuna), know Me as Brihaspati, the chief of all priests.

Similarly, from other folk stories like Santhosi Mata Vrat, certain days like Friday gained prominence for a particular deity or god. But at the end of the day, all days are actually dedicated to a particular planet as per our jyotishi system.

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Lord hanuman is worshipped on Tuesday because on this day Hanuman ji applied sindoor all over his body to please Lord Rama. By seeing this Lord Rama becomes extremely happy and blessed Lord Hanuman that whomsoever will worship you on Tuesday his/her wishes will be fulfilled.

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