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I have heard many Acharyas and saints mentioning Vasudev Krishna and Yashodanandan Krishna to be different. Is there any scriptural reference to it? If yes, what is the difference between the two? Who was on the battlefield of Kurukshetra and who in Dwarka? Who had 16108 queens?

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  • Kṛṣṇa was the biological son of Vasudeva, so he has the patronym Vāsudeva. He is called Yaśodānandana, after his foster mother Yaśodā. One of the meanings of ‘nandana’ is son
    – Bingming
    Mar 28 at 10:44

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This is described by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī in Laghu-bhāgavatāmṛta.

It was Vasudeva Krishna who married 16,108 queens and was present on the battlefield of Kurukshetra. Nandanandana Krishna never steps out of the spiritual world i.e., Goloka Vrindavana.

I've shared some of the verses below.

kṛṣṇo ‘nyo yadu-sambhūto yaḥ pūrṇaḥ so ‘sty ataḥ paraḥ vṛndāvanaṁ parityajya sa kvacin naiva gacchati

“‘The Kṛṣṇa known as Yadu-kumāra is Vāsudeva Kṛṣṇa. He is different from the Kṛṣṇa who is the son of Nanda Mahārāja. Yadu-kumāra Kṛṣṇa manifests His pastimes in the cities of Mathurā and Dvārakā, but Kṛṣṇa the son of Nanda Mahārāja never at any time leaves Vṛndāvana.’” ~ Laghu-bhāgavatāmṛta (1.5.461)

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Reference: https://ebooks.iskcondesiretree.com/pdf/Gaudiya_Books%20/Rupa_Goswami/Rupa_Goswami_Sri_Laghu_Bhagavatamrta.pdf

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