Bhagwad Gita in Chapter-2 Verse-46,47 says ...

You have a right to perform your prescribed duty, But you are not entitled to the fruits of action. Never consider yourself to be the cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing your duty.

O Dhananjay (Winner of Wealth), perform action, abandoning attachment, beaing steadfast in yog, and balanced is success and failure. Evenness of mind is called Yog.

My question is How can we perform actions without expecting results, when it's the result who will decide our fate?

I think what Gita is trying to say here is that, keep yourself balanced in both success and failure. Because in both situation you might get distracted from path of your duty. In case of extreme joy and happiness of success, You might think that you have achieved a lot and stop expanding your knowledge. Which will ultimately lead you towards the disaster. In case of failure, By feeling sorry about it and not doing anything. Still you are not doing fruitful work and again you are moving towards the path of your disaster.

But How can a person get over with this feeling of success and failure without expecting results of its action becasue its the result that decide the fate. For a student how can he give the exam and do not expect anything from its result, When its the result who will decide his future. Does Gita here trying to say that, You Perform your actions and forget about the results. Take decision after getting results and move on quickly.

What kind of attitude a person should build so that he can get away himself from the feeling of success and failure. And Be happy in the both situations?

  • Good question sir. How to perform actions without expecting results? Its best explained by playing a game with ur friends. When u play cricket with ur friends u don't care who wins or loses isn't it? Just play. Just be happy. Similarly in life. Just do ur duties with joy. Just enjoy ur work. Enjoy ur duties. Don't worry about results!! That's it. But how oh how will that be done. How can I enjoy life without worrying about results? For that there are two ways. Path of jnana and path of bhakti – Sai Mar 6 '15 at 18:25
  • For jnana you must discriminate Whenever u do an action ask 'why are we doing this?' 'How Will we be affected?' 'Who are we really? Body mind or soul?' Can we really be affected. No!! Thus simply do duty and forget abt results. The next is path of bhakti. In this u take everything as a gift from Bhagavan. So whatever we do is simply like a service to lord. In no way anything can harm us without gods will. God only does what is good for us. So why fear? Enjoy. Ur analysis is very correct. Simply do ur actions and forget abt the results. All the best. Thank u for asking such beautiful q sir – Sai Mar 6 '15 at 18:32
  • there are lot of websites where you can read commentaries/interpretation of the above verses.maybe they can help you. bhagavad-gita.org/Gita/verse-02-46.html vedabase.net/bg/2/47/en youtube.com/watch?v=9p_DSJ_wbF8 youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1-or7MDJdNxEO-PLdttCKgim301In8q1 vedavichara.com/bhagavad-gita/02-sankhya-yoga.html – Vishu Mar 7 '15 at 4:38

There are two paths open to every human being as expounded by the Vedas. One path is for those who want to reap the fruits of their actions, this is the path of the fathers. By rightful living one can gain wealth in this life as well as heaven after death. Krishna expounds on this path to Arjuna in verses 31-38. On this path, after reaping the fruits of the karma generated in heaven, one is born again in the world.

In verses 39-72 (and verses 46-47 you referenced) Krishna now expounds the second path open to human beings outlined in the Vedas, the path to Brahmaloka, to Liberation. These verses explain the path of yoga which is the means to attain Liberation and the ending of the rounds of ceaseless birth and death.

It is up to you whether you want to follow the path of yoga or not. The Vedas and the Gita also show the other path that is open to human birth - gains in this world and in the various heavens. It is entirely up to you which you want to follow.

Up to you, but as Lord Krishna explains in verses 42-44, the path that leads to pleasure and power only promise rebirths, which is an endless rathole.

One does not get over the feeling of attachments to such things as success and failure, etc. by wishing it away overnight. It takes daily practice and daily endeavor. Only with sustained daily practice does it go away. Vyasa says repetition is necessary to attain perfection. When you travel from Delhi to Mumbai, the farther away you get from Delhi, the closer you get to Mumbai. The more you practice spiritual practices, the farther away will the feelings of success and failure become.

Stop worrying whether you have the feelings of success and failure. Practice spiritual practices daily, they will give you up when the time is ripe.

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    Sometimes I fear that, If I get to much deep in spirituality then how will I be able to live in this corporate world. I might leave everything at some point of time in my life and become a monk. What should I do. – Atinesh Mar 7 '15 at 6:13
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    @Atinesh Pray to God with all your heart. When a child pushes away its toys and cries for its mother, the mother comes running. – Swami Vishwananda Mar 7 '15 at 11:07
  • I don't really believe in gods. But I believe in great philosophers(Who considered as gods) who really took birth on the planet earth and changed the thinking of people in our society like Gautam Budha, Mahavir, Jesus – Atinesh Mar 7 '15 at 18:32
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    @Atinesh It does not matter what you or I believe, what matters is what you do. Real religion is about being and becoming, not beliefs. Realize the Super Consciousness for yourself and find out yourself what is true and what is not true. Pray to your inner-most self to guide you. – Swami Vishwananda Mar 9 '15 at 5:19

(1) "Karmanyeva-dhikara:ste ma phalesu kadachana"---You have control over your actions , but no control of the fruits of actions.
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction (with some time delay). When you get into some action (karma) , there is bound to be a reaction . But since you are acting on the Universe ,the reaction also comes from the Universe --but with some time delay .Since we know only a small part of the Universe , we believe that the Reactions (Karma Phala) come from this small region --which is only partially true. It is difficult , therefore , to predict with certainty and accuracy, what will be the Reactions (Karma Phala) and when you will receive it .
(2) "Ma Karma phala-hetu:rvu ,Ma te sango:stu-avikarmani" ---Do not act with the hope of a specific reward ,do not get involved in Bad Activities.
We act with the hope of a specific reward. An employee works for an organization , with the hope of getting a salary at the end of the month.There is a high probability that he will get his expected salary at the end of the month --but no one can guarantee it.
Some times you get more than what you have expected ,sometimes less and at other times , the opposite of your expectations.Because of the uncertainty and unpredictability associated with the fruits of actions , it is better to avoid Bad Actions --which are likely to harm you and others .

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