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It is said in the Kalki Purana --> "According to Kalki Purana, Kali demon will rule the earth and bring sin and misery to the people. When the first stage of the Kali Yuga begins, the varna system will deteriorate. Soon after this, the second, third, and fourth stages of the Kali Yuga begin. During the second and third portions, men will forget the name of God and no longer offer Yagna to the Devas."

But why would Kali demon rule earch and bring sin and misery? For what reason?

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    Very Good question!! Kali Demon is not causing misery to you. You are causing misery to yourself. No demon can harm you if you do not allow it. You are the Immortal Eternal Atma. Realize this and be free. The real kali Demon is the demon in You. This demon is causing fear, lust, anger, greed, shame, pride, delusion, envy. Kill this demon with the Help of Viveka (Discrimination) and Vairagya (Dispassion). Sri Rama who lives in you will destroy the Kali Demon with His Bow, if you have faith!! Please note that by 'You' I do not mean You. I mean generally all of us. All the best and thank you. – Sai Mar 12 '15 at 15:05
  • @Sai, small correction Viveka is actually Discretion. – iammilind Sep 25 '15 at 10:28
  • @iammilind Well that's they way viveka is usually translated in the books that I've read (as discrimination). Anyways that's the last thing I want to have an argument about. I am no grammar expert. Take whatever makes sense :) – Sai Sep 25 '15 at 14:31
  • @iammilind I think discrimination is the more accurate translation - not in the sense of "America used to practice racial discrimination", but in the sense of "John has very discriminating taste." – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 25 '15 at 16:25
  • @KeshavSrinivasan, according to Google Hindi dictionary discrimination = भेदभाव. However it shows 1 of the meanings as discretion = विवेक as well. Hence, I feel dicretion is more accurate. The former is more famous for expressing partiality. – iammilind Sep 25 '15 at 16:55
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It's part of the demon Kali's fundamental nature to be evil, considering his lineage, which described in this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam:

Another son of Lord Brahmā was Irreligion, whose wife’s name was Falsity. From their combination were born two demons named Dambha, or Bluffing, and Māyā, or Cheating. These two demons were taken by a demon named Nirṛti, who had no children. O great soul, from Dambha and Māyā were born Greed and Nikṛti, or Cunning. From their combination came children named Krodha [Anger] and Hiṁsā [Envy], and from their combination were born Kali and his sister Durukti (Harsh Speech). O greatest of all good men, by the combination of Kali and Harsh Speech were born children named Mṛtyu (Death) and Bhīti (Fear). From the combination of Mṛtyu and Bhīti came children named Yātanā (Excessive Pain) and Niraya (Hell).

And Kali certainly lived up to his pedigree; this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam describes how Kali was trying to destroy the last leg of the bull of Dharma. (See my answer here for a description of the four legs.)

By the way, it should be noted that the sinful nature of Kali aside, the Kali Yuga is not all negative; see my answer here for the benefits of living in the Kali Yuga, such it made Vyasa shout out "Excellent, excellent, is the Kali age!"

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    Well said, I love Kali Yuga in some sense. Because this Yuga has seen the greatest of Saints and the process of Vedanta is now readily available to all who are interested. There are no restrictions. I also believe Kali Yuga presents the common man with the greatest of opportunity to be happy by developing detachment. What a better time to develop detachment than in the Kali Age, when the world is running around in rat races. Let us not miss this opportunity. Thanks – Sai Mar 12 '15 at 15:08
  • @Sai, some say that during Kali yuga, chanting the Krsna/God's name with true devotion alone is enough due to its severity! Keshav, from the blocked quotes, it seems that there are lot of incestuous relations between various vices/demons. However, Mrityu also happens for good souls including very gods, then why it was born out of Kali and Durukti? – iammilind Sep 25 '15 at 9:22
  • @iammilind Yeah, chanting Vishnu's name is sufficient; see my answer here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/2150/36 As far as Mrityu goes, even if death might be a blessing in some cases, for the most part it's an unpleasant and undesirable thing generally. That's why there's a demon associated with it. – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 25 '15 at 9:33
  • @iammilind Exactly, in a lot of ways, Kali Yuga has a lot of positives to take away isnt it! – Sai Sep 25 '15 at 14:33
  • @Sai By the way, what do you mean by no restrictions on Vedanta? The restrictions on who can study the Vedas applies equally well to Kali Yuga as in other Yugas. As a result, the Vedantic path to Jnana is still restricted to Dvijas; all the commentators on the Brahma Sutras (Adi Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhvacharya, Baladeva Vidyabhushana, etc.) agree on this, as I discuss here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/q/8682/36 – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 29 '15 at 5:19
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Whatever answer you all gave are analogical. Here is right answer: In his past life king kali was a Gandharba. Gandharba means the children of demigods(demigods are in charge of universal administration residing in higher planets. So kali was a very powerful gandharba. He loved another damsel who was filled with all devine qualities. But instead of kali she preferred to marry a human, who was ruling over earth. (Kali had some other name that time). Due to this kali became envious and harrased them badly. The king lost everything and begged even for a piece of cloth. Finally the lady curshed kali to become degraded. So kali now came as a ruller in his age and has a aim to take revenge on humans. He have power to control orhers mind and he makes every human fight in the name of religion and color and kill each other. Do all wrong and go to hell. Kali has only two weaknesses. One: He can not harm a person who regularly reads Bhagavatam. 2nd weakness is still unknown and hidden in Bhagavatam itself.

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    Welcome to Hinduism.SE! You should cite sources. – Keshav Srinivasan Aug 23 '15 at 18:28
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    Looks like you are saying people from all religions should start reading Bhagvat Gita? – user3750229 Aug 25 '15 at 2:24
  • @anant did you say nala and damyanti story? – The Destroyer Sep 21 '15 at 11:32

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