How many white horses were there in the chariot of Arjuna in Mahabharata ? 4 or 5 ? Some pictures showing 5 and some others showing 4 ? What is the exact number? It will be great if you add some pictures/quotes ?
As I commented, Arjuna's chariot had four white horses... Their respective names were
Image Credits : dharmakshetra.com
As you commented, am not sure about why some of the paintings show five horses so I searched for it and I found a nice thought written by Vijay Shanker who says
May be with the purpose of conveying a symbolic message that our body being a Kurushetra battlefield where an ongoing fight between "Dharam" and Adharam" keeps on going can only be won if we keep a proper control over our Five Panchendriyas - eyes, ears, nose, tongue, skin, which keeps us distracted from our right path. Krishna might be representing our "Vivek " or "consciousness" of our body controlling our Five panchendriyas represented by five horses to lead us to win over the wrongdoings and win the final battle
As a chariot of war, "Kapi Dhwaja" was certainly a quadriga (drawn by 4 horses). At that time, chariot of war where build for fast movement and efficiency. Therefore, it was probably build to be light in weight, which also implies 2 wheels only (instead of 4).
Having said that, we have to consider that every elements is symbolic. Some say 5 horses, because they represent our 5 senses that needs to be controlled. Some say 4 horses, because they represent our 4 basic emotions (i.e.: fear, joy, anger and sadness) that needs to be controlled.
They are controlled, by Krishna which represents "knowledge/wisdom" or "gnosis" as the "solar logos".