What is the difference between yagna, yaaga and Homam?

  • 1
    Yaga and Yagya are just different English spellings of the Sanskrit word Yagna. A Homa is small Yagna typically performed at home, as opposed to the elaborate Yagnas done in public. Commented May 27, 2015 at 21:42
  • but is there any difference between the procedures? Commented May 27, 2015 at 21:49
  • Sudarshana yagam was performed at Thirumala sometime back. Recently I heard some people performed Sudarshana homam at home. Will both give the same benefits ? Commented May 27, 2015 at 21:51
  • Yeah, Sudarshana Yagam and Sudarshana Homam are different names for the same ritual. Commented May 27, 2015 at 22:14
  • from this wiki link, the difference is blur between yagna and Homam and rather they are interchangeable in present time. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homa_(ritual) Commented May 28, 2015 at 8:51

1 Answer 1


Sri Kandadai Ramanujacharya while answering What is Ishti? (e.g., putra-kama-ishti) in this episode of Telugu Bhakthi TV program Dharma Sandehalu says the following:

That which fulfills your desire is called Ishti. In a broader sense ishti is a yajna but when the yajna is done for just a few hours in a single day to fulfill one's minor desires, it is called ishti. Ishti is done to please the God that can fulfill those particular desires.

The different yajna's depending on the actual time you spend on them are classified as:

  1. Ishti (1 or 2 hours, e.g., Lakshmi-Narayana Ishti, Sudarshana Ishti, Narasimha Ishti, Hayagriva Ishti (for better studies), Vishwaksena Ishti (to remove obstacles) and Vaibhava Ishti (for wealth)

  2. Homam (1 day)

  3. Yajna (3, 5, 11 days or 3 months)

  4. Maha-yaagam (1 or 2 months)

  5. Advaram (6 months or 1 year)

  6. Satram (50, 100, 500 years or 1000 years)

  • Does any kings or devotees performed Maha-yaagam, Advaram and Satram?
    – venkat
    Commented Oct 12, 2017 at 7:50
  • Maha-yaagam are performed in various parts of India now-a-days also.
    – Soumendra
    Commented Mar 4, 2019 at 3:56

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