The question is related to when (e.g., 500 BC or 100 BC or 10,000 BC) did Valmiki, the creator of the Ramayana, live?

I saw a discrepancy in this:

  1. According to Wikipedia:

    The Vālmīki's Rāmāyaṇa is dated variously from 500 BC to 100 BC ... He is the author of the epic Rāmāyaṇa

  2. It is also known that Valmiki lived in the era of Ramayana, as he met Sita and taught Ramayana to Lava and Kusha. Here is the discrepancy, because Ramayana is quoted here (by Dr. P. V. Vartak) to have taken place in 7600 BC:

    Therefore, Ramayana must have occurred 9600 years ago, which is 7600 B.C approximately.

Question: How can Valmiki write Ramayana in 200-500 BC when he was also present during Ramayana in 9600 BC? Isn't it a huge discrepancy of about 9000 years?!

  • 6
    Don't believe in Wikipedia. Commented Jul 29, 2015 at 21:04
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    Most of Hinduism on Wikipedia is written by 'neo-orientalists' - western scholars that are Judeo-Christians that look down on Hinduism. See this free online book - rajivmalhotra.com/books/invading-sacred Commented Jul 30, 2015 at 2:29
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    But still, the doubt remains, because if valmiki has written Ramayana in the recent era, how can be be present during the Ramayana itself?
    – Saurabh J
    Commented Jul 30, 2015 at 3:36
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    Ramayan is a compilation of stories coming down through ages. Somehow the name Valmiki has stuck to it due to the word's dictionary meaning, ant-hill. Just the way many ants make an ant-hill similarly many people have helped compile this story which is why many bits sound a bit illogical. Commented Dec 4, 2017 at 15:25
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    The Vedas were composed around 5,000 years ago, so the Ramayana obviously has to be written after that. Hinduism on Wikipedia is actually mostly written by South Asian Hindus, there's no "Western conspiracy". You can see the page history; it's mostly Hindu usernames.
    – Aryaman
    Commented Jan 3, 2018 at 20:42

1 Answer 1


The questions are

  • How can Valmiki write Ramayana in 200-500 BC when he was also present during Ramayana in 9600 BC?

  • Isn't it a huge discrepancy of about 9000 years?

There are 3 issues involved in the question.

  1. Occurrence of Ramayana at much earlier period

  2. Composing of Ramayana in 200-500 BC

  3. Appearance of Sage Valmiki in both the periods

A piece of advice: Please go through articles of Wikipedia, but don't believe the content in their entirety.

  1. The occurrence of Ramayana took place at much earlier period, contrary to projections of many authors

In Ramayana, a mention was made about 4 tusks elephants in Sundara Kanda. So we can infer that Ramayana occurred at around 16 lakhs years ago.

  1. Ramayana was composed in the Classical Sanskrit around 5th Century B.C. Hence, the period of occurrence of Ramayana and the period of composition of the EPIC Ramayana are different.

  2. Let us examine the issue of appearance of Sage Valmiki in both the periods.

The Answer is simple. Someone might have inserted, at a later date, the appearance of Sage Valmiki in 1-4 sargas of Bala Kanda and Ayodhya Kanda (16 and 17 slokas of 56th Sarga of Ayodhya Kanda). It can be an interpolation.

  1. Appearance of Sage Valmiki in Uttara kanda is also an interpolation.
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    I think it would be best if we keep science away from religion. Would it not suffice to say that Ramayana took place in 24 treta Yuga. Commented Dec 5, 2019 at 15:04
  • @Carmensandiego: I don't believe in that type of Yuga concept. I go by Ramayana proper. Commented Dec 5, 2019 at 15:25

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