And the answer is "no" because if you go and check epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana there is nothing like even the Vayu Purana which is mentioned in Mahabharata itself means it exists in the times of Mahabharata do not supports it. It gives the creation story that among Tridevas no one created no one even lord Brahma is not created by either by lord Vishnu or lord Shiva . The second oldest Purana Matsya Purana too supports this but is kept by Padma Purana as "Tamsik Purana".
Even though the Padma Purana in this case looks interpolated although on my blog I have given a full article on that but then also it do not discriminate gods on the basis of satwa-rajas-tamas.
Here's the proof:—
PURANAS--THE EMBODIMENT OF SRI HARI
According to Suta, all the Puranas are nothing but the mediums through
which Sri Hari manifests himself---Brahma Purana is said to be the
forehead of Sri Hari, Padma Purana is said to be the 'heart' of Sri
Hari, Vishnu Purana is said to be the 'right arm' of Sri Hari. Shiva
Purana is said to be the 'left arm' of Sri Hari. Srimad Bhagavata is
said to be his 'thigh', Narada Purana is said to be his 'navel',
Markendeya Purana is said to be his 'right-foot'. Agni Purana is said
to be his 'left foot', Bhavishya Purana is said to be his 'right-knee',
Brahma Vaivrata Purana is said to be his 'left knee'. Linga Purana is
said to be his 'right ankle', Varaha Purana is said to be his 'left
ankle', Skanda Purana is said to be the hair on the body of 'Sri Hari.
Vamana Purana is said to be his skin. Kurma Purana is said to be his
back. Matsya Purana is said to be his stomach. Garuda Purana is said
to be his bone-marrow. Brahmanda Purana is said to be his bone. So,
all the Puranas being manifestation of different parts of Sri Hari's
body are very sacred and capable of bestowing salvation.
— Padma Purana book 2.5 (book 2 or book 3 but make sure it shall be swarga khanda )
Now the padma puran says all purans are sacred and leads to salavation.
Now, Prakasa samhita (one ofthe pancharatra samhita) states as follows:
vārāhaṃ vaiṣṇavaṃ pādmaṃ vāyuproktaṃ ca gāruḍam /śrīmadbhāgavataṃ
caiva sātvikānīti hi śrutiḥ // PS_1,4.32 //
“ Varaha ,Vishnu,Padma, Vayu, Garuda and the Srimad bhagavata purana
are sattvik puranas.
”brahmāṇḍaṃ brahmavaivartaṃ mārkaṇḍeyaṃ ca vāmanam /bhaviṣyaṃ
nārasiṃhaṃ ca rājasāni ṣaḍaiva hi // PS_1,4.33 //
“Brahmanda, Brahmavaivarta, Markendeya,Vamana,Bhavishya and Narsimha
purana are always rajasic.
”mātsyaṃ kaurmyaṃ tathā laiṅgyaṃ śaivaṃ skāndaṃ tathaiva ca
/pāśupatasaṃjñikaṃ ceti tāmasāni vido viduḥ // PS_1,4.34 //
“Matysa, Kurma,Linga,Siva,Skanda and the Pasupata sastra are the
tamasic in nature.
Well this book (Prakasa samhita) is one of the pancharatra samhita which is a angma not a puran,shastra or any thing related to puranic purans. Even angmas are both vedic and non-vedic too and besides all the Prakasa samhita is one of the pancharatra samhita which is a vaishnava text.
Here is the proof:—
The Agama literature is voluminous, and includes 28 Shaiva Agamas, 77 Shakta Agamas (also called Tantras),and 108 Vaishnava Agamas (also calledPancharatraSamhitas), and numerous Upa-Agamas
”The Garuda Purana(3.1.52) confirms:
visnoh puranam bhagavatam puranam sattvottamam garudam cahur aryah
“The Aryans declare that Vishnu Purana, Bhagavata Purana and Garuda
Purana the best of the Puranas in the mode of goodness."
Even though Matsya Purana is one of the oldest Puranas but it gives the story of Trimurti as when Brahman divided himself into Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesha the Purana which gives such equality of Trimurti can differentiate gods on the basis of nature satwa,rajas and tamas.
And the Skanda Purana which is the most interpolated Purana rest all Puranas belongs to Vaishnavism.
And just because Padma Purana contains a story type for that that's why I have given points only on Padma Purana rest every Purana contains just a verse and that is nothing but a interpolation. This is the reason why Mahabharata do not mention lord bhramha, lord vishnu and lord shiva on the basis of satwa-rajas-tamas. But all equal even in the harivamsa parva of mahabharat oldest book dedicated to lord krishna.
THERE ARE NOTHING LIKE MISHRIT PURANS
There is nothing like mishrit purans because logically everywhere this thing is written :-
mātsyaṃ kaurmaṃ tathā laiṅgaṃ śaivaṃ skāndaṃ tathaiva ca /āgneyañ ca
ṣaḍ etāni tāmasāni nibodha me //
"Know from me that Mastya,Kurma,Linga,Shiva,so also Skanda and Agni are
vaiṣṇavaḥ nāradīyañ ca tathā bhāgavataṃ śubhaṃ /gāruḍañ ca tathā
pādmaṃ vārāhaṃ śubhadarśane //
“ The Vaisnava,Naradiya,Bhagavata,Garuda,Padma,Varaha should be known
to be sattvika and should be considered auspicious."
sāttvikāni purāṇāni vijñeyāni ca ṣaṭ pṛthak /brahmāṇḍaṃ
brahmakaivartaṃ mārkaṇḍeyaṃ tathaiva ca //bhaviṣyad vāmanaṃ brāhmaṃ
rājasāni ca ṣaḍvidhāḥ /"
Know from me that, Brahmanda,Brahmavaivarta, Markendeya,
Bhavishya,Vamana and Brahma are rajasa (endowed with the quality of
"The Kurma Purana(2.43.49), Skanda Purana 18.104.22.168-88 and the Matsya Purana(53.68-69) together states as follows:
sāttvikeṣu purāṇeṣu māhātmyamadhikaṃ hareḥ /rājaseṣu ca māhātmyam
adhikaṃ brahmaṇo viduḥ //tadvadagneśca māhātmyaṃ tāmaseṣu śivasya ca
"In the Puranas in the mode of goodness, the focus is the glories
of Lord Hari. Those in the mode of passion, the focus is on the glories
of Lord Brahma. Similarly, those in the mode of ignorance, the focus
is on the glories of Lord Siva and Agni.
No where is written about any Purana is mishrit somewhere not in Puranas but like where here only it is written that the Puranas which gives equality to all gods are focus on goddess Saraswati or ancestors.
But all 18 major Puranas are totally divided on the basis of satwa-rajas-tamas. Nowhere is mentioned about mishrit Puranas.
Now it is cleared that the classification of Puranas on the basis of satwa-rajas-tamas is useless.
Then also I have my own thinking on this topic :-
Tamas is sometimes referred as ignorant, but it also refers as darkness or the absolute when nothing was there.
So,let's move towards the Mahabharata verse to show this —
Here Narayana is the ultimate god.
The Shruti declares,--Day was not. Night was not. Aught was not. Naught was not. In the beginning there was only Tamas in the form of the universe, and she is the night of Narayana of universal form. Even this is the meaning of the word Tamas.
— The Mahabharata, Book 12: Santi Parva: Section CCCXLII
Then we know darkness means tamas then see what Vedas say about it in this hymn:-
Well I am giving the full hymn as it is a good hymn:
RIG VEDA, BOOK 10, HYMN CXXIX. Creation.
- THEN was not non-existent nor existent: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it.What covered in, and where? and what gave shelter?
Was water there, un-fathomed depth of water?
2 Death was not then, nor was there aught immortal: no sign was there,
the day's and night's divider.That One Thing, breathless, breathed by
its own nature: apart from it was nothing whatsoever.
3 Darkness there was: at first concealed in darkness this All was
in-discriminated chaos.All that existed then was void and form less: by
the great power of Warmth was born that Unit.
4 Thereafter rose Desire in the beginning, Desire, the primal seed and
germ of Spirit.Sages who searched with their heart's thought
discovered the existent's kinship in the non-existent.
5 Transversely was their severing line extended: what was above it
then, and what below it?There were begetters, there were mighty
forces, free action here and energy up yonder
6 Who verily knows and who can here declare it, whence it was born and
whence comes this creation?The Gods are later than this
world's production. Who knows then whence it first came into being?
7 He, the first origin of this creation, whether he formed it all or
did not form it,Whose eye controls this world in highest heaven, he
verily knows it, or perhaps he knows not.
So,the Vedas say darkness was there at first and the first universal nothingness darkness means tamas that we got from Mahabharata.
Let's see what come after that tamas.
The Shvetashvatara Upanishad is one of the mukhya Upanishads.
The Shvetashvatara Upanishad 4.18 also says the glory of tamas.
IV-18: When ignorance is dispelled, there is neither day nor night,
neither being nor non-being. There is only Shiva who is imperishable,
and who is worthy of being adored by the creator. From Him has
proceeded the ancient wisdom.
So, we can say that the tamas guna referred for god Rudra and the tamsik purans is referred as which gives knowledge of absolute and take away from materialistic world to the absolute truth. Or if someone do not believe this then i have already proofed the classification of Puranas on the basis of satwa-rajas-tamas is entirely useless.
And it even does not correspond to Vedic knowledge.
Here is the proof:—
13 Glory to Gods, the mighty and the lesser glory to Gods the younger
and the elder! Let us, if we have power, pay the God worship: no
better prayer than this, ye Gods, acknowledge.
—Rig Veda 1.27.13
Vedas say to give equal respect to all gods.