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As the question says, are there any taboos/guidelines or any references to authoritative texts or incidents where a younger groom marries an elder woman?

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    "Radha-Krishna" can be a reference, if we consider that "Gandharva Marriage" happened between them. – iammilind Aug 3 '15 at 8:54
  • Silly. Do you think that this is right. Has Lord Krishna, Rama followed this. Seetha was 6 years elder than Rama. Krishna married thousands of women. were they really younger than him. Radha was elder to Krishna. Is there any proof that every wife of Krishna belongs to low caste than their sisters whom Krishna married before them. – Dinesh Aug 24 '15 at 10:59
  • Age and caste never matters. Only true love matters.Rukmini was a kshatriya whereas Krishna was a yadava. Don't you think that everything that is said in great books is true. There are many mistakes in them. And no book is perfect to attain complete goodness but one – Dinesh Aug 24 '15 at 10:59
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Yes, there is a scriptural basis for the restriction.

Here is what Krishna says to Uddhava in the eleventh chapter of the Uddhava Gita of the Srimad Bhagavatam:

One who desires to establish family life should marry a wife of his own caste, who is beyond reproach and younger in age. If one desires to accept many wives he must marry them after the first marriage, and each wife should be of a successively lower caste.

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    Great, what more authoritative can one ask especially one that's from the horse's mouth? – Narayanan Aug 3 '15 at 8:16
  • @Keshav - I remember, reading mahabharata, shanti parva, where bheeshma answers such questions – user808 Aug 5 '15 at 3:30
  • @Krishna Are you referring to the Anushasana Parva, where Bhishma gives talks about wives' ages which are a third of the husband's age? sacred-texts.com/hin/m13/m13b009.htm That is based on verse 94 of this chapter of the Manu Smriti: sacred-texts.com/hin/manu/manu09.htm In any case, Medhatithi's commentary on the Manu Smriti says that verse 94 is just giving examples of suitable ages, it's not saying that everyone has to follow those ages. – Keshav Srinivasan Aug 5 '15 at 4:43
  • @Keshav - May be Anushashana parva. I dont remember the exact parva. I thought it is in Shanti parva. I could be wrong. Even the uddhava gita can be dusmisssed as just being prescriptive in nature. your answer doesnt mandate it. – user808 Aug 5 '15 at 5:08
  • @Krishna Well, I think the two cases are different. In the case of the Uddhava Gita, no commentators (as far as I know) state that that verse is merely a suggestion or example. In the case of that Manu Smriti verse, all the commentaries I've looked at say it's merely an example. – Keshav Srinivasan Aug 5 '15 at 5:23
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As it is already said in above answer that marriage between elder bride and younger groom is restricted but for answering the second part of this question that asks for the reference of such marriage, there is a very famous example of marriage between Lord Balarama and Revati is described in Bhagavatam here where Lord Brahma says following words to Kakudmi (Revati's father):

tat putra-pautra-naptṝṇāṁ

gotrāṇi ca na śṛṇmahe

kālo ’bhiyātas tri-ṇava-

catur-yuga-vikalpitaḥ

Twenty-seven catur-yugas have already passed. Those upon whom you may have decided are now gone, and so are their sons, grandsons and other descendants. You cannot even hear about their names.

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Any references to authoritative texts or incidents where a younger groom marries an elder woman?

Yes, there are few incidents of boy marrying girl older than him:

Also, as per SB 10.55, Kamadeva took rebirth as Pradyumna but his wife Rati started living as a cook in the household of Śambara with the name Māyāvatī. So Māyāvatī's body was much older that that of Pradyumna's.

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It is said that a man shall marry a maiden who is much younger than him.
See about that in the Vishnu Purana: Book III: Chapter X:
http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/vp/vp084.htm

"If he marry, he must select a maiden who is of a third of his age"

  • That Vishnu Purana is based on a line from the Manu Smriti, and I think both the commentators on the Vishnu Purana and the commentators on the Manu Smriti are unanimous in their claims that this is meant as a rough guideline concerning appropriate ages, especially at the lower bound, and not a rule that has to be followed exactly. – Keshav Srinivasan Aug 13 '15 at 2:03

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