The Rahasyatraya Sara is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan, concerning the meaning of the Rahasya Traya or three secrets of the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I'm a member). In this excerpt from the Rahasyatraya Sara, Vedanta Desikan discusses why Hindu scripture describes other gods as aids to attaining Moksha, when Vishnu is described as the sole path to Moksha:

If, in some places, these gods are spoken of as assisting in the attainment of moksha, it should be understood to mean that they, like Acharyas, assist by imparting knowledge and in other such ways. This is also the purport of the following passage; "The man who is a devotee of the god of the sun (Surya) will, after seven more births, become a devotee of Rudra by the Sun's grace. He who is a devotee of Sankara will, after seven more births, become a devotee of Vishnu by the grace of Sankara." And again:- "He who is a devotee of Vasudeva will, after those seven births, become one with Vasudeva by His grace."

My question is, what scripture contains these quotes about a Saura (devotee of Surya) becoming a Shaivite after seven births, a Shaivite becoming a Vaishnava after seven more births, and a Vaishnava attaining Moksha after yet another seven births?

I expect it's from one of the Puranas, but I'm not sure which one. Are there any commentaries on Vedanta Desikan's work which address this?

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    @iammilind First of all, Vaasudeva has always been a name of Vishnu, long before the birth of Krishna; see my answer here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/6923/36 Vishnu has been called Vaasudeva in numerous scriptures including the Valmiki Ramayana, the Taittiriya Aranyaka of the Yajur Veda, and the Pancharatra Agamas. In fact, the whole reason that Krishna was born to someone with the name Vasudeva is so that his name would be Vaasudeva, reflecting the name of Vishnu. Sep 9 '15 at 10:11
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    @iammilind Also, just because a scripture originated in the past 5000 years does not mean that its truth isn't timeless and universal. The Mahahbharata, the Puranas, and the Brahma Sutras were all composed by Vyasa in the end of the Dwapara Yuga/beginning of the Kali Yuga. But their truths are still timeless and universal, because Vyasa composed these works using his abilities as a Trikalajnani. So if the quotes in my question are found in one of those works, it will be true, full stop, not merely true for the past 5000 years. Sep 9 '15 at 10:15
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    @iammilind In any case, I don't think the quote is precluding the attainment of Moksha in other ways. It's just saying that if you're living an otherwise ordinary life with the one distinguishing feature being that you're a devotee of Surya, then seven births later you'll become a devotee of Shiva, seven births later you'll become a devotee of Vishnu, and seven births after that Vishnu will grant you Moksha out of compassion. That doesn't stop you from doing other things to get Moksha in the mean time. Sep 9 '15 at 10:19
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    @iammilind "Looking forward for an answer which would also contain a proper definition of Vishnu which is neither limited to current Indian subcontinent nor limited only to how Indians define Vishnu." I'm not sure what you mean. How Indians define Vishnu is the correct way to define Vishnu, insofar as those Indians are relying on Hindu scripture for their understanding of Vishnu. I'm not sure what the point is of a definition of Vishnu that's from something other than Hindu scripture. But you may be interested in my answer here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/6896/36 Sep 9 '15 at 10:52
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    @iammilind "Transferring a devotee from Shiva to Vishnu is something debatable." Well, it's debatable for the time being, at least until we find a scriptural reference to confirm it. That's why I asked the question. Sep 9 '15 at 10:58

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