We all know when Arjuna became confused as he faced his relatives on the battlefield, he turned to his friend and chariot-driver for help. Because Arjuna had such a friendly rapport with the Lord, his turning to Krishna for instruction was a shift in the relationship. This was the setting for the Bhagavad-gita, wherein Krishna reveals His magnificent universal form to His friend Arjuna. But was there anything more than just this?

  • Well Siva also has a universal form. – Wikash_ Jan 10 at 9:42

Krishna & Arjuna are believed to be the pair of Nara & Narayana. It's briefly discussed in this question. Their friendship stands immovable on the test of time.

Needless to say that Arjuna always regarded Krishna in the highest regards. IMO the reason he got to hear the Gita was, he surrendered himself to Krishna (without knowing his Vishwaroopam yet)

BG 2.7

Now I am confused about my duty and have lost all composure because of miserly weakness. In this condition I am asking You to tell me for certain what is best for me. Now I am Your disciple, and a soul surrendered unto You. Please instruct me.

Not that he never considered Krishna as his friend!
BG 11.41-42

Thinking of You as my friend, I have rashly addressed You “O Kṛṣṇa,” “O Yādava,” “O my friend,” not knowing Your glories. Please forgive whatever I may have done in madness or in love. I have dishonored You many times, jesting as we relaxed, lay on the same bed, or sat or ate together, sometimes alone and sometimes in front of many friends. O infallible one, please excuse me for all those offenses.

During Mahabharata, I would refer below text, showing how Krishna felt about Arjuna:

After Ashwatthama killed all UpPaandavas, Krishna describes an old conversation to Yudhishtira. In which Ashwatthama wanted the Sudarshan Chakra (Discus) from Krishna, but doesn't succeed. Krishna asks Ashwatthama the intention behind it and here how it goes ...

...At this, Drona's son became filled with sorrow. After he was tired with the exertions he made, he ceased, O Bharata!

When he withdrew his heart from that purpose, I addressed the anxious and senseless Ashvatthama and said, "He who is always regarded as the foremost of all human beings, that wielder of gandiva, that warrior having white steeds yoked unto his car, that hero owning the prince of apes for the device on his standard, that hero who, desirous of vanquishing in a wrestling encounter the god of gods, the blue-throated lord of Uma, gratified the great Shankara himself, that Phalguna than whom I have no dearer friend on earth, that friend to whom there is nothing that I cannot give including my very wives and children, that dear friend Partha of unstained acts, never said unto me, O brahmana, such words as these which thou hast uttered...

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    Here's another good quote by Krishna about his relationship with Arjuna: "Thou art mine and I am thine, while all that is mine is thine also! He that hateth thee hateth me as well, and he that followeth thee followeth me! O thou irrepressible one, thou art Nara and I am Narayana or Hari! We are the Rishis Nara and Narayana born in the world of men for a special purpose. O Partha, thou art from me and I am from thee! O bull of the Bharata race, no one can understand the difference that is between us!" – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 17 '15 at 13:13
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    That's from this chapter of the Vana Parva of the Mahabharata. sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03012.htm By the way, that chapter also contains great quotes from Arjuna and Draupadi acknowledging Krishna as an incarnation of Vishnu. That's the beautiful thing about Krishna: unlike other incarnations, he was publicly known as an incarnation of Vishnu, as I discuss here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/3427/36 So people had the opportunity to worship him while he was on Earth. – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 17 '15 at 13:18
  • @KeshavSrinivasan, interestingly Arjun + Draupadi + Vaasudev, all three were having name Krishna. May be we can add Muni Vyaas also into it. All were dark in color (not sure about Arjun). Vaasudev & Vyaas are incarnation of Vishnu, but I believe Arjun (Nara) and Draupadi also might have some relation to Vishnu. – iammilind Sep 17 '15 at 13:22
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    Actually, it looks like you're right about Arjuna being called Krishna and being dark-skinned; here's what Arjuna says in the Virata Parva of the Mahabharata: "And Krishna, my tenth appellation, was given to me by my father out of affection towards his black-skinned boy of great purity." sacred-texts.com/hin/m04/m04044.htm – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 18 '15 at 3:22
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    I think that's an addition by the translator, as it's in parentheses. By the way, here's another good quote about Krishna and Arjuna's relationship from the Drona Parva of the Mahabharata: "I do not regard my sire, my mother, yourselves, my brothers, ay, my very life, so worthy of protection as Vibhatsu in battle. If there be anything more precious than the sovereignty of the three worlds, I do not, O Satwata, desire (to enjoy) it without Pritha's son, Dhananjaya (to share it with me)." sacred-texts.com/hin/m07/m07179.htm – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 18 '15 at 12:17

Their friendship was so strong that misunderstanding never happened between them.

As per Mahabharata: Aswamedha Parva: Anugita Parva: Section LXIX, Krishna said these words to revive the dead child Parikshit:

That foremost of beings, hearing those heart-rending lamentations of hers, touched water and withdrew the (force of the) Brahma-weapon. That hero of unfading glory, belonging to the race of the Dasarhas, promised to give the child his life. Then he of pure soul, said these words in the hearing of the whole universe,--'O Uttara, I never utter an untruth. My words will prove true. I shall revive this child in the presence of all creatures. Never before have I uttered an untruth even in jest. Never have I turned back from battle. (By the merit of those acts) let this child revive! As righteousness is dear to me, as Brahmanas are specially dear to me, (by the merit of that disposition of mine) let Abhimanyu's son, who is born dead, revive! Never hath a misunderstanding arisen between me and my friend Vijaya. Let this dead child revive by that truth! As truth and righteousness are always established in me, let this dead child of Abhimanyu revive (by the merit of these)! As Kansa and Kesi have been righteously slain by me, let this child revive today by that truth!' After these words were uttered by Vasudeva, that child, O foremost one of Bharata's race, became animate and began gradually to move, O monarch.'

Vijaya is one of the names of Arjuna.


It is so strong. Since other answers discuss with it. I am adding here an another aspect of it.

Krishna got a boon from Agni that his friendship towards Arjuna should never decrease.

Then Vasudeva asked that his friendship with Arjuna might be eternal. The chief of the celestials granted unto the intelligent Krishna the boon he desired. And having granted these boons unto Krishna and Arjuna, the lord of the Maruts, accompanied by the celestials, ascended to heaven, having also spoken to Hutasana (one whose food is sacrificial butter).

[Section 236, Khandava-daha Parva, Adi Parva, The Mahabharata]

Thus, it is clear that the friendship of Krishna with Arjuna is a never decreasing one.

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