12

Lots of Vishnu avatars have repeated during the previous Chaturyugas.

Are there any references citing the Kalki avatar in previous Yugas?

  • 1
    "Lots of Vishnu avatars were repeated during previous Chaturyugas". Can you provide some examples? – Sai Sep 28 '15 at 15:08
  • hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/7189/3500 Comment section of this answer provides some information on repetition of avatars – The Destroyer Sep 28 '15 at 15:13
  • @Sai Vishnu has has three Vamana incarnations in this Kalpa; see here: hinduism.stackexchange.com/q/7210/36 And at least according to ISKCON, Vishnu has had two Matsya incarnations in this Kalpa, which is what Anil was referring to when he referenced the comment section of my answer. (But I'm not sure that ISKCON is right about this, because they seem to be splitting a Mastya story given in a single chapter into two stories.) And the Padma Purana describes a Rama incarnation in an earlier Kalpa or Mahakalpa. And there have been multiple Varaha incarnations. Whew! – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 29 '15 at 14:50
  • @KeshavSrinivasan Quite interesting (especially the Lord Vamana one)! The way I interpret a 'repitition' of an Avatar is if the same event happens again. Because incarnating as a fish twice to do different things, atleast in my opinion, would not count as the same incarnation twice. Similarly with the Vamana one, from what I have read in your question, it seems that the events are totally different. How then can we say that the avatars were repeated! It is like saying the Rama and Krishna were the same Avatar (although they are the same Purusha) just because both were humans! All the best – Sai Sep 29 '15 at 15:14
  • @Sai Yeah, in these so-called "repetitions" there are only similarities in broad strokes, like "Vishnu incarnated as a dwarf to stop a Yagna" or "Vishnu incarnated as a fish during a greasy flood". I think probably the Rama one is the closest example of a true repetition, the characters all have the same names, it's just that some of the events are different. By the way, another example of a repeted incarnation is the Vadavagni fire: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/7082/36 I didn't mention it in that answer, but the Mahabharata says that Vadavagni is an incarnation of Vishnu. – Keshav Srinivasan Sep 29 '15 at 15:24
16

First of all, we know for a fact that Kalki doesn't come in every Kali Yuga. In this chapter of the Matsya Purana (an important Hindu scripture), various incarnations of Vishnu in the present Vaivasvata Manvantara are listed, but Kalki is only mentioned once, in the current Kali Yuga. This excerpt from the Skanda Purana says the same thing. (See my questions here, here, and here relating to these lists.)

And we can find explicit references to how Kali Yugas have ended in the past. In particular, this chapter of the Drona Parva of the Mahabharata describes how Vishnu's incarnation Parashurama brought about the end of the 19th Kali Yuga of the Vaivasvata Manvantara by killing the kings of the world:

Even the great ascetic Rama, the hero worshipped by all heroes, that son of Jamadagni, of great fame, will die, without being contented (with the period of his life). Rooting out all evils from the earth, he caused the primeval Yuga to set in. Having obtained unrivalled prosperity, no fault could be seen in him. His father having been slain and his calf having been stolen by the Kshatriyas, he without any boast, slew Kartavirya who had never been vanquished before by foes. With his bow he slew four and sixty times ten thousand Kshatriyas already within the jaws of death. In that slaughter were included fourteen thousand Brahmana-hating Kshatriyas of the Dantakura country, all of whom he slew. Of the Haihayas, he slew a thousand with his short club, a thousand with his sword, and a thousand by hanging. Heroic warriors, with their cars, steeds, and elephants, lay dead on the field, slain by the wise son of Jamadagni, enraged at the slaughter of his father. And Rama, on that occasion, slew ten thousand Kshatriyas with his axe.

But as I discuss in this answer, Vishnu did take one earlier Kalki-like incarnation in the Swayambhuva Manvantara. His name was Pramati (as opposed to the present Kalki who will be named Vishnu Yasha), and his story is described in this excerpt from the Matsya Purana:

King Pramati of the Bhrigu family and Chandramasa gotra was born at the end of Swayambhuva Manu in the Sandhyamsha period, to inflict proper punishment on the sinners. That king travelled all over the earth for 30 years and collected arms and ammunitions, elephants, horses and chariots and marched with a vast army consisting of horses and elephants and accompanied by 100,000 Brahmana soldiers armed with various kinds of weapons, against the Mlecchas and destroyed them. After killing all the Sudra kings he annihilated all the hypocrites After destroying all the sinners and subduing the people living in the North, central regions, the mountaineers, the inhabitants in the East and West, the residents on the Vindhyas, the Deccanis, the Dravidians, the Singhalese, the inhabitants of the Mleccha countnes...

King Pramati was born of Vishnu's part in Manu's family and was famous as Chandramasa. He roamed about the Earth for 20 years and killed all the wicked men in his 32nd year.

  • 1
    Thanks keshav! i read all those questions and answers already except the last one. Yes, the story of king Pramati looks similar to story of Kalki. I read from kalki Purana that Swayambhuva Manu got boon from Vishnu and born as Dasharatha,Vasudeva and will be born as Vishnuyasa. My doubt is will manu be alive after his(ruling) manvantara? – The Destroyer Sep 27 '15 at 14:14
  • 1
    @gansub I don't think any scriptures use the word Satya Yuga to refer to either Rama's rule or Yudhishthira's rule. – Keshav Srinivasan Mar 9 '16 at 16:16
  • 1
    @gansub Well, I agree that the Kali Yuga did not begin until Krishna passed away, but Krishna did not delay the start of the Kali Yuga. Yugas begin and end at predestined times, and Krishna was just the means by which the Kali Yuga started at exactly the time it was supposed to start. – Keshav Srinivasan Mar 9 '16 at 16:30
  • 1
    @KeshavSrinivasan - Bhagavan is on earth in person. He is the origin of time. Yugas emanate from that person alone. Unless we behold Satya yuga and Dwaraka and Ayodhya ourselves we cannot guess. I rest my case. – user4592 Mar 9 '16 at 16:56
  • 1
    @gansub I agree that Sriman Narayana could change the Yuga in violation of the scheduled time if he wanted to, but he simply did not choose to do so. I think we should base out beliefs on scripture, and like I said there are absolutely no references to Rama's rule being the Satya Yuga in Hindu scripture. – Keshav Srinivasan Mar 9 '16 at 17:19

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .