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I know Lord Shiva showed his love towards Lord Vishnu by incarnating as Hanuman during Rama Avatar. But Hanuman didn't know he was incarnation of Shiva/ Vayu. (i think he still doesn't know it).

I read Hanuman's first meeting with Rama but i didn't find any reason why Hanuman became ardent devotee of Lord Rama. Lord Hanuman always chants name of Rama.

  • Can anyone explain the reason behind his devotion to Rama?
  • Did Hanuman know that Rama was avatar of Vishnu?

Note: Shiva Purana says Hanuman is devotee of Rama.

The Chapter Incarnation of Hanumat" in "Satarudrasamhita" of Shiva Purana" (Pg No- 1154) says " Himself a leader of devotees, he made Rama and Sita happy. He, Lord of Monkeys, established cult of devotion to Rama in the World". Shiva Purana says Hanuman was born for Rama's work. No specific reason was mentioned for his devotion.

  • Hanuman doesn't know he is incarnation of Shiva, but Shiva knows he is in Hanuman. This question arised in your mind because you think Hanuman and Shiva are different. Hanuman exists because of Shiva. Shiva is the essence of Hanuman. – Chinmay Sarupria Oct 22 '15 at 11:40
  • @ChinmaySarupria yeah Hanuman is incarnation of Shiva. But Hanuman doesn't know he is Shiva. It's not like Vishnu incarnated as Krishna where Krishna knew that he was Vishnu. Krishna was aware that he was God and knew about his Self. But without realizing or knowing about his Self or the reason for which he was created, Hanuman became devotee of Rama. It was not mutual benefits ( as a Vanara and Rama) that Hanuman sought but he developed devotion ( Bhakti). And there are no reasons or references for FRIENDSHIP which resorted to DEVOTION. – The Destroyer Oct 22 '15 at 15:03
  • Hanuman doesn't need to know Shiva because Hanuman = Shiva and Shiva = Shiva and Shiva came to earth just to help Vishnu and he decided to become Vishnu's bhakt. – Chinmay Sarupria Oct 22 '15 at 15:08
  • @ChinmaySarupria You cannot say simply Shiva decided.There should be cause for any action in this cosmos.There should be cause/reason in Hanuman's reality for his devotion. – The Destroyer Oct 22 '15 at 15:32
  • Shiva is in Vishnu's heart and Vishnu is in Shiva's heart. They both have infinite respect for each other. Both worship each other. – Chinmay Sarupria Oct 22 '15 at 15:33
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According to Ramgiri Braun (student of Neemkaroli Baba, aka Laxman Das),

Hanuman, the great monkey God of the Ramayana is a symbol of the mind that has become disciplined and filled with devotion. Hanuman is the evolved state of our unruly monkey mind that constantly jumps from thought to thought. This mind is fully focused on the presence of the Divine Self, the Lord of Life within the heart.

When Rama asks Hanuman, “How do you look upon me?” the great monkey gives a three-part answer, “When I believe I am the body, then I am your faithful servant. When I know I am the soul, I know myself to be a spark of your eternal Light. And when I have the vision of truth, you and I, my Lord, are one and the same.”

With this answer, he shows us three states we flow through in our spiritual quest. Many times we identify with the person, the body-mind–ego we think we are. At those times we can realize that we are here to do God’s work, to serve that higher Self in us and in everything. This is the foundation of Karma Yoga, the yoga of service.

One level up and we realize we are not as separate from divine intelligence as we thought, that there is a higher knowing and presence working through us. We sense we are not separate from other beings and that our existence is an expression of the indescribable presence of God in us. This is where Bhakti and Raja Yoga open us further.

The most dramatic shift in our perception occurs when all veils lift and we have the vision of truth. Then we know that we are all that exists. We are the Source; we are One. Jnana Yoga aims at this direct perception.

What allows Hanuman to have this complete vision? It is faith (Shraddha). This faith is the origin of five essential levels of spiritual practice. Hanuman is, therefore, the manifestation of faith that gives us strength, which transforms our memory and leads us through samadhi to perfect wisdom.

(Faith) is based on the direct experience of Truth and therefore more solid than a rock. For those on the devotional path faith is born out of love and love grows our faith.

Hanuman experienced truth in Rama and thus gained endless faith and endless devotion. He continues,

This faith gives us strength (Virya) and allows us to remain increasingly unshaken in the ups and downs of life.

As our strength grows, it evolves our memory (Smriti). Realizing the crucial importance of our spiritual practice, our commitment becomes increasingly stable and we approach a state of continuous remembrance of our Source.

Vyasa tells us that the awareness that we are constantly loved by the Divine, is the greatest force that allows us to surrender spontaneously to the inner Source. We realize what we have been seeking is what we are.

So, upon seeing Rama, Hanuman remembered that Rama is Viṣnu and that he himself is Shiva. This further increased Hanuman's love for Rama. With such love & awareness also comes the understanding that both are as One.

Focused on the Divine presence within we realize we are the giver and receiver of love—the lover and the beloved—in one. This is the blossoming of perfect wisdom (prajna), the clear perception of the enlightened state. We discover we are all that exists. We are one appearing as many and able to give ourselves fully to love because we realize there is no possibility to be hurt in this inner union.


TL;DR: Upon seeing Rama's glory, Hanuman instantly felt faith in & love for Rama. These lead Hanuman to remember what he had forgotten: Rama is Viṣnu & Hanuman is Shiva and they are One. This realization further multiplied his love & devotion.

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According to Shiv Puran it is said that "After the samudra manthan, Lord Vishnu is his avatar as Mohini(enchatress) was distributing amruta to the gods by fooling the demons. Lord shiva was attracted by the beauty of Mohini avatar of Lord vishnu so lord Shiva released his seed on to the ground. The Saptarishis or seven sages passing near by with the permission of lord shiva placed Shiva’s seed inside the womb of Anjani, who was praying to Lord Shiva to get a child. So this is probably the reason according to our scriptures why lord hanuman is considered as incarnation of lord shiva and his unflinching and natural devotion to lord rama(vishnu incarnate). And also according to Vishnu Puran in BR Chopra serial it is mentioned that Lord Shiva wishes to serve Lord Vishnu and so he incarnates as lord hanuman.

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    But this doesn't answer my question. I know Shiva loves Vishnu and Vishnu loves Shiva. But Hanuman doesn't know that he is avatar of Shiva. My Question is what made Hanuman to become Devotee of Rama? It would be better if one can explain from Ramayana. Also some versions say that seed was born as HariHara. – The Destroyer Sep 29 '15 at 9:50
  • @AnilKumar The seed which was born as harihara or ayappa was a different one where lord vishnu rescues lord shiva from bhasmasur and lord shiva requests lord vishnu to display his mohini avatar again. Then Lord vishnu he displays it when time comes, so ayyappa was born from Lord Vishnu(mohini avatar) and Lord Shiva to kill demon mahishi(according to SB), here ayyappa directly conceived by union of power of Vishnu and Shiva. But in the case of lord hanuman lord shiva's seed was transferred to womb of Anjani Devi. – KIRAN KUMAR Sep 29 '15 at 13:38
  • @AnilKumar This site might clear your doubts to an extent it presented another view to the birth of hanuman jayahanuman.org/jayahanuman/history.htm – KIRAN KUMAR Sep 29 '15 at 13:39
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All this began when Narad was attracted by a princess on the earth and was eager to marry her. The whole story is mentioned in here. While in the end Narad cursed Vishnu for losing your beloved, and endure the pains of separation from her by which was the birth of Rama to be taken in future and then Shiva said that I will be having the birth as a face of monkey same as Narad and serve Vishnu at that point of time. Also you can see the full episode of Shiv Mahapuran Episode 13

Some of the information contained in this post requires additional references. Please edit to add citations to reliable sources that support the assertions made here. Unsourced material may be disputed or deleted.

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    You should cite some scriptural-reference. TV shows are usually not considered reliable. Welcome to Hinduism StackExchange! – Pandya Apr 29 '18 at 14:36

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