The Bisnois are said to be the foremost practitioners of Ahimsa and the greatest environmental activists. The 29 tenets of Bhisnois were formulated by Guru Jambheshwar. The following documentary mentions 29 tenets, but doesn't name every one of them. A list of these tenets along with a reference to a book documenting their belief system would be of great help.



Bishnoism is a Panjabi Vaishnava sect founded by Guru Jambheshwar in the 15th century. Here are Jambheshwar's 29 principles:

  1. “TEES DIN SUTAK” Observe 30 days of SUTAK (state of ritual impurity) after birth and keep mother & child away from household activities.
  2. “PANCH RITUVANTI NIYARO” During menstrual period, keep woman away from household activities for 5 days.
  3. “SAIRO KARO SINAN” Take bath daily in the morning.
  4. “SHEEL, SANTOSH, SUCHI PIYARO” Maintain good character, be content & maintain purity & cleanliness.
  5. “DWI-KAL SANDHYA KARO” Pray two times a day (morning & evening).
  6. “SANJH AARTI GUN GAO” Sing hymn of praise to the God in the evening.
  7. “HOM HIT, CHIT, PREET SU HOY” Offer oblation in the holy fire (HAVAN) with feelings of welfare, devotion & love.
  8. “PANI, INDHAN, DUDH NE LIJE CHHAN” Use filtered water, milk and cleaned firewood to make them bacteria/insects free.
  9. “BANI NE LIJE CHHAN” Speak carefully (think before speak).
  10. “EKSHMA HIRDE DHARO” Practise forgiveness/pardon/absolution from heart.
  11. “DAYA HIRDE DHARO” Be compassionate/kind/merciful/sympathetic by heart.
  12. “CHORI BARJIYO” Stealing or using other’s thing without permission is prohibited.
  13. “NINDA BARJIYO” Condemnation/criticism is prohibited.
  14. “JHUTH BARJIYO” Tell lies/untruthfulness is prohibited.
  15. “BAD NA KARNO KOY” Don’t indulge in unnecessary dispute/debate/argument/controversy.
  16. “AMAWAS VART RAKHNO” Observe fast on AMAWAS (last day of the dark half of a month).
  17. “BHAJAN VISHNU BATAYO JOY” Worship & recite name of VISHNU in adoration.
  18. “JEEV DAYA PALANI” Be compassionate/kind/merciful to all living beings.
  19. “RUNKH LILA NAHI GHAVE” Don’t cut green trees.
  20. “AJAR JARE JEEVAT MARE” Control/burn/win over AJARs(lust, anger, ego/pride, greed, attachment/infatuation/delusion).
  21. “KARE RASOI HATH SU” Eat own/home cooked food. Don’t eat food cooked/kept in impure conditions.
  22. “AMAR RAKHAVE THAT” Provide shelters for abandoned animals so that they can complete their life with dignity and don’ get slaughtered.
  23. “BAIL BADHIYA NA KARAVE” Not to castrate bulls.
  24. “AMAL SU DUR HI BHAGE” Don’t consume or trade in opium.
  25. “TAMAKHU SU DUR HI BHAGE” Don’t smoke/use tobacco & its products.
  26. “BHANG SU DUR HI BHAGE” Don’t consume or deal in narcotics.
  27. “MADH SU DUR HI BHAGE” Don’t drink or deal in alcohol/liquor.
  28. “MANS SU DUR HI BHAGE” Don’t eat meat or other non-vegetarian food.
  29. “LEEL NA LAVE ANG” Don’t use violet blue colour extracted from green indigo plant.

See here for more detail on the 29 principles. And see here for a list of books on Bishnoism, although I don't see any English books there.

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