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Srimad Ramayana mentions about the creation of Earth as follows:

सर्वम् सलिलम् एव आसीत् पृथिवी यत्र निर्मिता |
ततः समभवद् ब्रह्मा स्वयम्भूर् दैवतैः सह || २-११०-३

All was water only in the beginning from which element the earth was formed. After that, the self-existent Brahma with all the gods came into existence.

स वराहः ततो भूत्वा प्रोज्जहार वसुंधराम् |
असृजच् च जगत् सर्वम् सह पुत्रैः कृत आत्मभिः || २-११०-४

Thereafter, that Brahma, assuming the form of boar, caused the earth to rise from water and with his sons of pure soul, created the entire world.


The question is not about who raised the Earth.

The question is about where from the Earth was raised. Many scholars translated the word salilam (सलिलम्) as water, and commented that the Earth was raised from water.

However, water is also a part of Earth. Then how can the Earth be raised from water?

By the way, the salilam (सलिलम्) has another meaning also, apart from water: waves, kind of wind.

So can we think that the Earth might have been brought out from the space, but not out of water?

  • पृथिवी वसुंधरा also means ground, soil... hope this helps – Mayakkooththan Oct 22 '15 at 9:55
  • here is another interpretation of that. The story of creation is that from AUM came Space, Air, Fire, Water and then the Earth. So in a way Earth arose from Water. That is what may be described as Earth rising from water. God q – Sai Oct 22 '15 at 14:46
  • Related or duplicate From where does the water come at the end of Kalpa? – The Destroyer Dec 21 '17 at 16:30
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The water here referred to is the water of the cosmic ocean - Garbhodaka Ocean.

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Half of the Hiranyagarbh is filled with water and the other half is space, the space in which we live. All the stars and galaxies are in this space.

According to SB 2.7.1

Only under certain conditions do the planets float as weightless balls in the air, and as soon as these conditions are disturbed, the planets may fall down in the Garbhodaka Ocean, which covers half the universe. The other half is the spherical dome within which the innumerable planetary systems exist. The floating of the planets in the weightless air is due to the inner constitution of the globes, and the modernized drilling of the earth to exploit oil from within is a sort of disturbance by the modern demons and can result in a greatly harmful reaction to the floating condition of the earth.

The earth fell into this ocean so Lord Vishnu assumed the form of Varaha and brought back earth from the depths of Garbhodaka ocean.

  • What you quoted is the commentary from SB 2.7.1, so, you should make it clear in your answer that it's commentary and not the actual translation of SB 2.7.1 – sv. Oct 22 '15 at 14:44
  • @Chinmay Sarupria: If it is cosmic ocean - Garbhodaka Ocean, then it is indicating space only. That is what my question is all about. Whether the word salilam indicates space? – srimannarayana k v Oct 23 '15 at 1:00
  • @srimannarayanakv The cosmic ocean is not space. It refers to a cosmically large body of water outside of the physical Universe. – Keshav Srinivasan Oct 23 '15 at 3:14
  • @KeshavSrinivasan: If it is water, how will it hold itself in the universe without support? – srimannarayana k v Oct 23 '15 at 3:21
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    That is not a belief, that Hiranyagarbh really exists, it is egg shaped. This universe is not infinite, the total distance of Hiranyagarbh is given in Srimad Bhagavatam. – Chinmay Sarupria Oct 23 '15 at 3:30
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However, water is also a part of Earth. Then how can the Earth be raised from water.? How to know ocean exsisted out of ocean?

The explanation is given in Shreemad Bhagvat Purana ,where the story of Varaha avatara is discussed in detail.SB 3.13: The Appearance of Lord Varāha

It's said in that chapter that earth was submerged in the great water.

यदोकः सर्वभूतानां मही मग्ना महाम्भसि ।
अस्या उद्धरणे यत्नो देव देव्या विधीयताम् ॥3.13.15॥

yad okaḥ sarva-bhūtānāḿ mahī magnā mahāmbhasi
asyā uddharaṇe yatno deva devyā vidhīyatām

O master of the demigods, please attempt to lift the earth, which is merged in the great water, because it is the dwelling place for all the living entities. It can be done by your endeavor and by the mercy of the Lord.SB 3.13.15


So at that time earth was submerged in flood water i.e. by a deluge. At the same time the earth itself was under water of ocean.

So what is this ocean? There were two oceans one was on earth ,and one was inside which earth itself was submerged.

सृजतो मे क्षितिर्वार्भिः प्लाव्यमाना रसां गता ।
अथात्र किमनुष्ठेयमस्माभिः सर्गयोजितैः ।
यस्याहं हृदयादासं स ईशो विदधातु मे ॥3.13.17॥

sṛjato me kṣitir vārbhiḥ plāvyamānā rasāḿ gatā
athātra kim anuṣṭheyam asmābhiḥ sarga-yojitaiḥ
yasyāhaḿ hṛdayād āsaḿ sa īśo vidadhātu me

Brahma thought: While I have been engaged in the process of creation, the earth has been inundated by a deluge and has gone down into the depths of the ocean. What can we do who are engaged in this matter of creation? It is best to let the Almighty Lord direct us.SB 3.13.17


It's said in Dwadasha Skanda -Chapter four of the same Purana ,which is describing four types of Annihilation's that at the time of Annihilation the shell of the universe gets fully submerged in water forming single cosmic ocean.

So at that time the earth as whole was also submerged in cosmic ocean ,which forms during Annihilation .i.e. Pralaya. So at the time Lord Varaha lifted the earth ,the ocean in which she was under was the ocean formed during previous Annihilation (Pralaya).

शतं वर्षाणि वर्षन्ति नादन्ति रभासस्वनै:।
तत एकोदकं विश्वं ब्रह्माण्ड विवरान्तरम् ।।12.4.13।।

tata ekodakaḿ viśvaḿ
brahmāṇḍa-vivarāntaram

At that time, the shell of the universe will fill up with water, forming a single cosmic ocean.SB 12.4.13


Thus there were two separate oceans. one was on the earth which was filling whole earth ,and the other was cosmic ocean from the time of previous Annihilation.

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    Where are you getting the notion that there was an ocean on the Earth which was filling the whole Earth? It sounds like all the verses you're quoting are discussing water coming from outside the Earth. – Keshav Srinivasan Dec 21 '17 at 16:19
  • @KeshavSrinivasan - Yes your are pretty right. This is not directly mentioned. But i was referring from -vedabase.com/en/sb/3/8/10 and the last verse. But since earth is separate entity from the space , when the universe was under cosmic oceean the earth was also filled with water. And with that it submerged under the cosmic ocean. But I have kept these two things separate because. I was actually answering previous question"How to know ocean exsisted out of ocean?" So my argument was according to that Q. But i will try to find ref.abt this & if not will alter or delete my answer. – SwiftPushkar Dec 21 '17 at 16:46
  • @KeshavSrinivasan - haha interestingly Devi Bhagvatam seems to say so.- books.google.co.in/… – SwiftPushkar Dec 21 '17 at 16:56
  • @KeshavSrinivasan - But still it's unclear. I will try :-) – SwiftPushkar Dec 21 '17 at 17:30
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    Well, during the Pralaya, Samvartaka clouds come and pour rain. They're external to the Earth. In any case, I'm not clear on this stuff either. But this question and answer are relevant: hinduism.stackexchange.com/q/9322/36 – Keshav Srinivasan Dec 22 '17 at 6:47

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