In this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam, various sons of Yama god of death are described:

The ten daughters given to Yamarāja were named Bhānu, Lambā, Kakud, Yāmi, Viśvā, Sādhyā, Marutvatī, Vasu, Muhūrtā and Saṅkalpā. Now hear the names of their sons. O King, a son named Deva-ṛṣabha was born from the womb of Bhānu, and from him came a son named Indrasena. From the womb of Lambā came a son named Vidyota, who generated all the clouds. From the womb of Kakud came the son named Saṅkaṭa, whose son was named Kīkaṭa. From Kīkaṭa came the demigods named Durgā. From Yāmi came the son named Svarga, whose son was named Nandi. The sons of Viśvā were the Viśvadevas, who had no progeny. From the womb of Sādhyā came the Sādhyas, who had a son named Arthasiddhi. The two sons who took birth from the womb of Marutvatī were Marutvān and Jayanta. Jayanta, who is an expansion of Lord Vāsudeva, is known as Upendra. The demigods named the Mauhūrtikas took birth from the womb of Muhūrtā. These demigods deliver the results of actions to the living entities of their respective times. The son of Saṅkalpā was known as Saṅkalpa, and from him lust was born. The sons of Vasu were known as the eight Vasus. Just hear their names from me: Droṇa, Prāṇa, Dhruva, Arka, Agni, Doṣa, Vāstu and Vibhāvasu.

My question is, what is the story of Vishnu's incarnation Jayanta, who is the son of Yama and Marutvati?

The only Jayanta I'm familiar with is Jayanta son of Indra, whose eye was poked out by Rama's Brahmastra as I discuss in this answer. And the other name he's known by, Upendra, is usually used to refer to Vishnu's incarnation Vamana the dwarf, because he was the younger brother of Indra.

In any case, are there any other scriptures which mention Yama's son Jayanta, and/or give his story?

  • I saw something in the Skanda Purana, about Jayanta, a form of Vishnu, who guards the western entrance to the temple at Dvaraka. I'll recheck it and post an answer if Jayanta is related to Dharma's son. Oh and does Dharmaraja=Yama means that Suryaputra Yama is an avatara of this Yama? :S
    – Surya
    Nov 2, 2015 at 9:13
  • @Surya OK thanks! There's only one Yama, and that's the son of Surya. The name Dharma is used to refer to both Brahma's soon Dharma and to refer to Yama. I'm not sure if there's a connection between these two. Also, there's an incarnation of Vishnu named Dharma, but I'm not sure who it is: hinduism.stackexchange.com/q/7194/36 And the guru or priest of Vishnu's incarnation Vamana is someone named Dharma: hinduism.stackexchange.com/q/7192/36 Whew! Nov 2, 2015 at 13:26
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    @Keshav - When Surya (sun god) prayed and worshipped Dharma, to get a son, who is similar to Dharma , he got a boon that a son will be born to Surya with amsa of Dharma. This is mentioned in Brahmavaivarta or Brahma purana. So, Dharma per se is not Yama nor vice versa. Because, Yama follows the path of Dhrama, hence he is mostly considered as Dharma. But, the actual Dharma from whom the Nara and Narayana sages issued out is different from Yama. Even, bull is considered Dharma as per hindu scriptures. But, we cannot equate the Dharma (father of sages Nara and Narayana) with any bull.
    – user808
    Nov 2, 2015 at 15:32
  • Chapter 61 of Matsya Purana (Pg No- 238) has some info on son of Yama, an incarnation of Vishnu.
    – The Destroyer
    Apr 26, 2016 at 12:09
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    Jayanta here is not the son of Yama. The word used in sanskrit is Dharma. Lord dharma, son of Brahma is the one who received daughters. Yama is not the right translation. Jun 14, 2017 at 9:38

2 Answers 2


There seems to be some mix up between Yama and Dharma which has been discussed in other questions as well. However coming to this specific one, Srimad Bhagvatam in Section 1.6.3 Birth of Daksh from Prachetas mentions the ten ladies you have named in your question as the wives of Dharma:

Shukdev says, "Parikshit the names of Dharma's ten wives were Bhanu, Lamba, Kakubhi, Jami, Vishwas, Sadhya, Marutvati, Vasu, Muhurta and Sankalpa.

The Brahma Puran also mentions a similar list with Marutvati as one of Dharma's wives:

The ten daughters who were married to the god Dharma were named Arundhati, Vasu, Yami, Lamba, Bhanu, Marutvati, Sankalpa, Muhurta, Sadhya and Vishva.

The Brahma-Vaivarta Puran gives the same list:

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The Garud Puran also mentions the same:

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However, there is another list in the Bhagvatam that gives them different names:

Shraddha, Maitri, Daya, Shanti, Tushti, Pushti, Kriya, Unnati, Buddhi, Medha, Titiksha, Hree and Murti are the wives of Dharma.

As regard the mention of Vishnu's incarnation, that is explained by the list of Dharma's progeny. Following the order observed in the list of Dharma's wives, their children are, Rita (truth), Prasáda (favour), Abhaya (fearlessness), Sukha, Muda (pleasure), Smaya (wonder), Yoga (devotion), Darpa, Artha (meaning), Smriti (memory), Kshema, Prasraya (affection), and the two saints Nara and Náráyańa, the sons of Dharma by Múrtti.

Both Nar and Narayan are mentioned as Lord Vishnu's incarnations in the Puraans which is also confirmed in Mahabharat:

In days of yore, O Partha, I was, for some reason, born as the son of Dharma, O chief of Kuru's race, and in consequence of such birth of mine I was celebrated under the name of Dharmaja. I took birth in two forms, viz., as Nara and Narayana.

Hence the sentence you have quoted in your question may actually be referring to this relationship and this Jayanta is most likely the name of Nara or Narayan born of Murti/Marutvati.

  • First of all, there's a distinction between Brahma's son Dharma and Surya's son Yama. Second of all, Jayanta's mother is supposed to be Marutvati. If you can find some evidence that Marutvati is another name for Murti, then this may be more plausible. Nov 10, 2017 at 5:33
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    @KeshavSrinivasan I know that but you have mentioned Yama in place of Dharma here while the same names are mentioned for Dharma's wives in the text - Shukdev says, "Parikshit the names of Dharma's ten wives were Bhanu, Lamba, Kakubhi, Jami, Vishwas, Sadhya, Marutvati, Vasu, Muhurta and Sankalpa. (hinduonline.co/Scriptures/Puranas/SrimadBhagavataPurana.html). Nov 10, 2017 at 6:34
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    These exchanges are so informative for us neophytes! Oct 13, 2018 at 14:21

I think that this can only be explained in the basis of Rig Veda. In Rig Veda Indra is the chief god and Vishnu is his younger brother/crown prince/assistant. The story of Jayanta son of Indra might be a reference to this. Jayanta is the second of Indra thus he is Upendra. He is Vishnu of Vedas.

  • Vishnu of Vedas is vamana. Mar 19, 2018 at 17:43

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