Is Nava Graha worship a Vedic tradition or a puranic tradition? Are there any references to Nava Graha worship in Vedas?

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    Padma Purana mentions methods of worshiping Planets.
    – The Destroyer
    Nov 10, 2015 at 12:26
  • @Shyam Kumar..I covered only the "Navagraha in Vedas" part of ur question..Do u want any info on Navagraha Puja in Purana as well?..I assumed that u already know about this..but i may be wrong..so if u want that info i can update my answer..
    – Rickross
    Jan 28, 2017 at 17:01
  • I am of the view that Navagraha worship is mainly associated with later vedic period. One of the reasons for the this assumption is that none of the Hindu temples that had an existence of a few centuries couldn't find Navagraha idols or for that matter any sort of Navagraha worship over there.I even doubt (I am not quite sure of it) that we could hardly come across any reference of Navagraha worship in the two Hindu epics.,VIZ, Ramayana and Maha Bharath.I would like to know your views in this subject. Feb 28, 2017 at 15:34

2 Answers 2


There are a bunch of Vedic mantras together called as the "Navagraha Suktam" which is considered to be a hymn dedicated to the Navagrahas.

Although it's called the Navagraha Suktam and the mantras are accepted as mantras related to the Navagrahas by authoritative Hindu organizations but the explicit mention of Navagraha is never to be found in that hymn.

In any case,the following are a few mantras from that hymn.

The mantra that is attributed to Surya in that hymn is:

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With the Light of Truth in space advancing, determining life and death, borne in his golden chariot he comes, Savitar, God who gazes upon the worlds. (Rig Veda 1.35.2 ; Taitt. Sam.

a̱ gni ṁ d ū ̱ta ṁ v ṛ ̍ ṇ īmahe ̱ hot ā ̍ra ṁ vi ̱śvave ̍dasam | a ̱sya ya ̱jñasya ̍ su ̱kratum ̎ |

We choose Agni as our messenger, the herald, master of all wealth. Well skilled in this our sacrifice. (RigVeda 1.12.1; Taitt. Sam.

ye ṣāmī śe ̍ paśu ̱pati ̍ ḥpa śūn āṁ catu ̍ ṣpad ām uta ca ̍ dvipadām | niṣkrī ̍to ̱’ya ṁ ya ̱jñiya ̍ ṁ bhā ̱game ̍tu r ā ̱yas-poṣā ̱ yaja ̍m ānasya santu ||

Which creatures does the Lord of creatures rule:— both the four footed and birds. May He, being
propitiated, accept His sacrificial share, may abundance of wealth come to the sacrificer. (Taitariya Samhita. 3;1;4d)

Similarly the mantra for Soma(Moon) is :

om aapyaa yasva sametu tay vishvata: soma vrushN iyam | bhavaa
vaajasya sangathay | apsumesomo abraveedantar vish vaani bhesha jaa | agnincha vishvasham bhuvamaapashcha vishva b heshajee: | gouree mimaaya salilaani takshatyeka padee dvipade e saa chatushpadee | ashTaapadee navapadee babhoovushee sahasra aksharaa paramay vyoman || om adhi devataa pratyadhi devataa sahitaaya somaaya nama:

& similar mantras are there for each of the remaining 7 grahas.

You can read the whole suktam from here..For english translations you can refer to Hindupedia.com..And, for the Nakshatras we too have similar Veda mantras contained in the Nakshtra Suktam.


This is a partial answer.

There is this passage that talks about ways to keep heavenly bodies pleased.

Grahas in Mahabharata

Markandeya answered, ‘There are three kinds of purity, viz., purity in speech, purity in deed, and purity achieved by use of water. He that has recourse to these three kinds of purity, attains, without doubt, to heaven. That Brahmana who adoreth the goddess Sandhya in the morning and the evening, and who recites meditatively the sacred goddess Gayatri who is the mother of the Vedas, sanctified by the latter, is freed from all his sins. Even if he accepts in gift the entire earth with her oceans, he doth not, on that account, suffer the least unhappiness. And those heavenly bodies in the sky including the sun that may be inauspicious and hostile towards him soon becomes auspicious and favorable towards him in consequence of these acts of his, while those stars that are auspicious and favorable become more auspicious and favorable in consequence of such conduct of his.

Mahabharata, Vana Parva, Section CLXLIX

  • How does this answer the question?OP is asking whether Navagraha worship is mentioned in Veda itself or it sprouted from the Puranas.
    – Rickross
    Jan 27, 2017 at 15:16
  • I admitted that this is only a partial answer. I didn't claim that my answer fully answers the question. The Mahabharata passage suggests that keeping heavenly deities pleased is part of the Vedic heritage. Jan 27, 2017 at 15:48
  • Such things should me mentioned at many places in Puranas also..So shud we take those as proofs of that Navagraha Pujan is as per Vedic directives?
    – Rickross
    Jan 27, 2017 at 15:54
  • It's up to the reader whether this thing should be taken as proof or not. Jan 27, 2017 at 16:05
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    If Navagraha Pujan is mentioned in Vedas only that qualifies for a proof....Take the concept of Yugas for ex..according to ur logic "yUgas are mentioned in MB that means Yugas must be a Vedic thing"..I'm amazed..anyways let's leave it..
    – Rickross
    Jan 27, 2017 at 16:10

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