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Questions tagged [adi-shankaracharya]

For the questions relevant with Adi Shankaracharya, philosopher, theologian, preceptor and expounder of "Advaita Vedanta"

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What is Adi Shankara referring to when he says “He has Vajra marks on his feet”?

Vishnu Sahasranama stotra are thousand names of Vishnu said by Bhishma to Yudhishtira and other Pandavas. This occurs in Mahabharata while there are other versions of thousand names in Garuda Purana, ...
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Books on Brahma Sutras

What are the best books to get started to learn Brahma Sutras. English translation of Sankara's commentary is what I am looking for. Has anyone read V Panoli's translation and please suggest your ...
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In what ways did Adi Shankara reform Hinduism?

Wikipedia lists Adi Shankara among Hindu reformers. But what exactly did he reform?
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Who are the (Sixteen?) Mothers referred to by Sri Adi Sankaracharya?

In His commentary of Gita (9/25), Sri Adi Sankaracharya included "Vinayaka, the group of Sixteen (?) (divine) Mothers, the Four Sisters" in "Bhutas" (Beings worshipped). Who are these Sixteen (?) ...
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What was Sri Adi Sankaracharya's role in the history of the Jagannath temple at Puri?

I read in one biography of Sri Adi Sankaracharya that He reinstated the deities of Sri Jagannath, Balarama, Suvadra and Sudarsana at the Puri temple.They were buried underground because of some reason....
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What is the difference between the Adi Sankar's concept of Ishvara and Krishnaprem's concept of Ishvara?

Krishnaprem (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishna_Prem) was a great devotee and Philosopher who wrote essays on the Gita and the Kathopanishad. He was a Gaudiya Vaishnava but respected all views. ...
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What does Adi Shankara mean with “reflection”

I'm trying to wrap my head around the Advaita teaching that Ishvara is the "reflection" (abhasavada) of Brahman in Maya. I first thought that this means Ishvara is a kind of illusion, ontologically ...
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Was Shankara a bhakta of Saguna Brahman Narayana or did he consider Nirguna Brahman to be supreme?

If Shankara considered Nirguna Brahman superior, or in other words, if he was a promoter of Nirguna Brahman, then why did he mention the name of Narayana (as his ishta devata) in the introduction of ...
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Has Adi Shankaracharya quoted Baudhayana Vritti in his commentary on Brahma Sutras?

While reading biography of Ramanujacharya, I came to find that Baudhayana, who is known as Vrittikara, wrote a commentary on Vedavyasa's Brahma Sutra. In the time of Ramanujacharya, this work of ...
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What exactly are the 3 level Satya of Advaita? [duplicate]

Advaita explains PratibhAsika satya, VyavhArika satya and ParamArthika satya. What are these and how can one reach the ParamArthika satya ?
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What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
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How does Advaita answer the Seven-Anuppatti of Ramanujacharya [duplicate]

What answer is given by Advaitins as reply to Ramanuja's seven-questions over Advaita such as, Aashraya, Tirodhan-Anuppatti, etc.
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How does Shri Shankar's Advaita answer Shri Ramanuja's Tirodhan-Anuppatti? [duplicate]

The second argument of Shri Ramanuja over Shri Shankar's Advaita is Tirodhan-Anuppatti. How does Avidya Maya, who is dependent on Brahman, envelope Brahman. Advaitains say that Maya is dependent on ...
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How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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Who are five Acharyas between Gaudapada and Adi Shankaracharya mentioned by Vidyaranya?

I searched a lot while trying to find answer to What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada? ; Though I couldn't find an answer worthy to post. I read couple of research papers and some pages of a very useful ...
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Does the incident of Shankara meeting a Chandala prove that Shankara never had realization?

According to Advaita Vedanta, things like caste, gotra, etc, will cease to exist after realization. But when Adi Shankara met a Chandala in Varanasi, he asked the Chandala to move away from his path. ...
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Did Adi Shankaracharya really try to make people'Bhagavad-vimukhi' as claimed the Gaudiya Vaishnavas?

According to the sloka of Padma-Purana quoted in Sri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Sri Adi Sankaracharya deluded people by preaching a false doctrine and made them away (vimukha) from God : According to ...
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Is time taveling possible according to Hinduism? [duplicate]

Not necessarily sending body to past or future but also transferring consciousness to different time periods.Is it supported in Hindu scriptures? The only time I know about transfering consciousness ...
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What are the views of Gaudiya Vaishnavism on Adi Shankaracharya?

Adi Shankaracharya is believed to be incarnation of Lord Shiva. What are views of Gaudiya Vaishnavism on Adi Shankaracharya?
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Is the sannyasa lineage of Sri Adi Shankara Vedic or tantric?

According a biographer of Sri Ramakrishna (Vaikunthanath Sannyal : Sri Sri Ramakrishna Leelamrita), in the Vedic age, there were no FORMAL sannyasa. It was started by Sri Adi Sankaracharya 'most ...
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Is the “Bhaja Govindam” prayer attributed to Adi Sankara only a Bhakti text?

First of all - "Govinda" not being "Narayana" can refer to any deity even by Vaishnavite rules. But then a blog named shastranethralaya says Normally this is taken as a Bhakti text. But we’ll ...
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Are there any Gaudiya Vaishnava commentaries on the Upanishads?

Sri Adi-Sankaracharya's commentaries on the Upanishads are most popular in present time. Are there any Gaudiya Vaishnava commentaries available on the Upanishads?
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What were similarities and differences between Shankara and Madhusudhana saraswati Advaita?

I heard somewhere that Madhusudhana saraswati Advaita is not same as Shankaracharya's. Did Madhusudhana saraswati subscribe to Shankaracharya's school? What were similarities and differences between ...
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What are various subsects of Shankara Advaita school?

What are different sub sects of AdiShankaracharya's Advaita school?
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Who was the king who argued with Adi Shankaracharya using karma siddantha (law of karma)?

What is the name of the king who debated with Adi Shankaracharya against Advaita and supporting karma siddhantha (law of karma)? Which authentic text contains the discussion between them?
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Are there Shankaracharyas outside of Adi-Shankara's direct lineage?

I even read online somewhere (don't have the link handy, will dig it out) that there are many shankaracharyas who basically claimed links one of the 4 seats set up by Adi-Shankara. Who might they be?
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Were there multiple Adi-Shankaras as claimed by some people?

I came across this surprising tweet just today. It claims that there were multiple Adi-Shankaras. The gentlemen mentions Sringeri records verify this. To my knowledge, this is something new that I ...
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Where can I read Prabodha Sudhakara of Adi Shankara in English?

Adi Shankaracharya's little known philosophical work is Prabodha Sudhakara. I am interested in reading it. Where can I read this work in online in English?
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Who are the pseudo-advaitins referred to by Shringeri Acharya? Does Adi Shankara state characteristics of true advaitins?

Sri Sringeri Sharadha Peetham has a free ebook to download here. In that book, the following statement is made by the then Shakaracharya, H.H Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswami. In the page 556 of the ...
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What are the names of current heads of peethams formed by Adi Shankaracharya in India?

Currently, In India, What are the names of the leading heads (peetadhipathi) of pethams formed by Adi Shankaracharya?
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Is Adi Shankaracharya partial avatar of Siva? [duplicate]

Is it true that Adi Shankaracharya is an Ansavatar of Siva?
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Why Shri Krishna did karma when He spoke against it in 2.21?

In BG 2.21, Shri Krishna says वेदाविनाशिनं नित्यं य एनमजमव्ययम्। कथं स पुरुषः पार्थ कं घातयति हन्ति कम्।।2.21।। English translation O Partha, he who knows this One as indestructible, ...
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Did Adi Shankaracharya accept equality of 5 major gods in his works?

I want to know if Adi Shankaracharya said that the five Panchatayana deities (Shiva, Surya, Vishnu, Durga, Ganesh) are Saguna Brahman from his works. Did he differentiate between them or said all ...
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Has there been any commentary on “Soundarya Lahari” by any scholar from Sri Shankaracharya's lineage?

This page describes Soundarya Lahari as being authored by sage Pushpadanta and Adi Shankara. While there are many who believe this to be incorrect attribution, I am more interested to know if any ...
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Are name and form sat or asat?

Bhagavad gita 2.16 says नासतो विद्यते भावो नाभावो विद्यते सतः। उभयोरपि दृष्टोऽन्तस्त्वनयोस्तत्त्वदर्शिभिः।।2.16।। Following is Bhagavadpad Adi Shankracharya's commentary: न हि शीतोष्णादि ...
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Shankaracharya said that ultimately even law of Karma is not right. Is there a scriptural reference where he says this?

Just watched a lecture from Swami Sarvapriyananda on Mandukya upanishad in which he states that Shankaracharya even cuts down the Law of Karma saying that ultimately that also is not true. In what ...
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To whom does the illusion belong?

According to the great Adi Shankaracharya, the waking world is an illusion (or as unreal as dream if not an illusion). My question is, who imagines this waking world? Is it result of your desires or ...
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Was Adi-Shankara initiated into Kriya Yoga?

There is a general belief that Adi Shankara was initiated into Kriya Yoga by Mahavatar babaji who is said to be living in the Himalayas. But do we have any authentic reference from our ancient texts ...
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Shankara's Gita Bhasya says that the Self transmigrates. Is this true?

Advaitins mostly believe that the Self doesn't transmigrate and that it's the subtle body (known as jiva/jivatma) that actually does. But then in Shankara's Gita bhasya it is mentioned that the self ...
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Did Shankaracharya establish the “shanmatha” and the “panchayatana puja” systems?

There is a general opinion that Sripad Adi Sankaracharya established the shanmatha system and also insituted the worship form of panchayatana. Yet there seems to be lot of disagreements even among the ...
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What are Bhujanga stotrams?

Bhujanga means a snake, or one that has shoulders as locomotive limb. There are many Bhujanga stotrams, on Shiva, Vishnu etc, on almost all deities. What is the definition of a Bhujanga stotram, or ...
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Are there any references to Niralambopanishat and SukaRahasyopanishat prior to Adi Shankaracharya?

Among Vedantins; Advait is a widely followed philosophy. The famous quote of Shree Adi Shankaracharya goes: Brahma Satya, Jagat Mithya. Now many Advaitins have mentioned that the verse was not ...
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How can Brahman possibly be devoid of qualities?

If Brahman and Prakriti are not separate, but two sides of the same coin ... i.e. if Brahman 'IS' Prakriti, then that makes Brahman full of qualities. How can it possibly be devoid of attributes when ...
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What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world ...
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How does Dhyaneshwar's nondualism differ from Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy?

It is often said Adi Shankaracharya and Dhyaneshwar advocated the same philosophy: Advaita Vedanta. However, after some research, I found out that there are some sharp contrasting differences in the ...
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Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are “deceitful demons”?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
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Where does Adi Shankaracharya explain the meanings of “Shruti” and “Smriti”?

I came across this quote of Shankaracharya: Shankarāchārya says, "Shruti is a means of direct perception [in the sphere of transcendent knowledge], since, in order to be an authority it is ...
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In which book the story of Adi Shankara entering the king's body is mentioned first?

When Adi Shankara defeated Mandana Mishra, his wife Ubhaya Bharati said he also have to defeat her in debate. In order to turn the debate towards her, she started asking about Kama Shastra. But as a ...
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What is the source for the famous conversation between Adi Shankara and Chandala

Where is the conversation between Adi Shankaracharya and Chandala mentioned? I want the name of the scripture or whatever the source was. Specifics : The specific conversation I am talking about ...
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What are the Scriptural Recitals During Shukravara Chandramaulishwara Puja?

What are Parayanams(Scriptural Recitals) of Chandramaulishwara Puja held every Friday at Shringeri Sharada Peetham? Apart from Rudra Prashna and Durga Suktam?