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Questions tagged [adi-shankaracharya]

For the questions relevant with Adi Shankaracharya, philosopher, theologian, preceptor and expounder of "Advaita Vedanta"

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22 votes
4 answers
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Why is Sankaracharya accused as Pracchana Bauddha (crypto-buddhist) by many Vedantins?

Let us see some of the accusations of vedantins SANKARA’S ACCUSERS Bhaskara (9th Century CE), the propounder of bhedabheda-siddhanta was one of the earliest Indian philosophers to attack Mayavada. ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
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21 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do any commentators of Brahmasūtras other than Ādi Śaṅkarācārya disagree with both Pañcarātra and Śaiva Āgamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedānta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sūtras, a work by the sage Vyāsa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
19 votes
1 answer
2k views

How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
17 votes
5 answers
6k views

Which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta?

I want to learn & study the Advaita Vedanta. So, which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta? In other words which are the major text/scripture related to Advaita Vedanta. I know ...
Pandya's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
39k views

Help me to find out the verse : "Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah"

According to wikipedia, The Famous verse from Vivek Chudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) is: Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah Translation: Brahman is the only truth, the world is unreal, and ...
Pandya's user avatar
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17 votes
4 answers
7k views

According to ShankarAchArya in Advaita, is the universe "unreal" or "unworthy"?

Recently I came across one of the key quote, which sums up Adi ShankarAchArya's Advaita philosophy: The Brahman of the Upanishads is the only Reality, and everything else—this world of manifoldness—...
iammilind's user avatar
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17 votes
1 answer
7k views

Difference between Smartas and Advaitins?

What is the difference between a Smarta and an Advaitin? Both are the followers of Adi Sankaracharya only. People who worship Lord Shiva are called Shaivite and those who worship Lord Vishnu are ...
user12458's user avatar
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16 votes
6 answers
16k views

Was Adi Shankaracharya a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? What were his views on Shiva and Vishnu?

Adi Shankaracharya taught Advaita philosophy. What was his belief on how one should see Shiva and Vishnu? Was he a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? Are Shiva and Vishnu same as per Him?
abhay vajpayee's user avatar
15 votes
7 answers
5k views

Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are "deceitful demons"?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
Jaikrishnan's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
2k views

Are there any other Puranas that predict Adi Shanakaracharya besides the Bhavishya Purana?

Adi Shankaracharya is predicted in the Bhavisya Purana. What about the other Puranas? Do any other Puranas predict his birth and exploits or make mention of him?
Rickross's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
13k views

Was Adi Shankaracharya’s Parakaya Pravesha to learn Kamashastra Dharmic?

Adi Shankaracharya traveled all around India engaging scholars in religious debate. During one such debate, Bharati, wife of scholar Madana Mishra, attempted to defeat Adi Shankara in the topic of ...
mano's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the mystery of Hari Sankara Stotra composed by Adi Shankara?

Shankara Digvijaya states that when Adi Shankara reached temple of Hari Shankara then he composed such verses with ambiguous meaning which could praise for both Shiva and Vishnu at the same time. It ...
Tezz's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
2k views

Which scriptures defines the three levels of reality?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (परमार्थिक) Vyāvahārika (व्यवहारिक) Prāthibhāsika (प्रतिभासिक) The wikipedia article on Advaita Vedanta says that: ...
Pandya's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
762 views

From which scripture does Adi Shankara quote about Maheswara shaping name and forms of all beings from the words of Veda?

In his Brahma Sutra Bhasya 1.3.28, Adi Shankaracharya gives a long commentary while proving about the eternity of Vedas. He quotes about various scriptures there like: Thus Scripture declares in ...
Tezz's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
4k views

K.S. Bhagavan's critique of Adi Shankara

An Indian writer named K.S. Bhagavan published in 1982 a book entitled Shankaracharya and Reactionary Philosophy = ಶಂಕರಾಚಾರ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರತಿಗಾಮಿತನ. I heard that Bhagavan criticized Adi Shankara in ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 1,668
12 votes
3 answers
3k views

What scriptures mention Shiva's Dakshinamurthi form?

One of the most popular forms of Shiva worshipped in South India is the sage Dakshinamurthi, whose name literally means "the South-facing form". Dakshinamurthi is the subject of the famous ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya really believe in Hari-Hara abheda?

Smarthas i.e. followers of Adi Shankaracharya believe that Sriman Narayana and Shiva are one and the same. They claim that this is what Shankara had taught. The Vishnu Sahasranama mentions the name "...
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12 votes
2 answers
8k views

Was Ubhaya Bharati right in asking a question related to Kama Sutra?

I would like to split question into two parts: 1) Ubhaya Bharati was appointed the judge between Adi Shankaracharya and Mandana Mishra. After Mandana accepts defeat from Shankaracharya, why was ...
abhishek's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the source for the famous conversation between Adi Shankara and Chandala

Where is the conversation between Adi Shankaracharya and Chandala mentioned? I want the name of the scripture or whatever the source was. Specifics : The specific conversation I am talking about ...
Shvetaketu's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
2k views

What scriptures describe Shiva whispering Rama's name to those who die in Kashi?

The Rama Bhujanga Stotra is a hymn to Rama composed by the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. Here is what he says in verse 3 of the hymn: yadāvarṇayatkarṇamūle'ntakāle śivo rāma rāmeti ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
5 answers
12k views

What is the Birth date of Adi-Sankarācharya?

When was Adi-Sankarāchārya born? Specifically, why is there so much of a variation in the dates given by Kānci, Dwāraka, Joshī Mutts and Śringerī Mutts?
vidyarthi's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
19k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya lose a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu?

This website, of dubious reliability, claims that Adi Shankaracharya lost in a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu: Towards the end of his short life, defeated in debate by the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
6k views

Why did Ramanujacharya & Adi Shankaracharya never refer to the Srimad Bhagavatam in their works?

While reading from a Shaivite blog (though I am a Vaishnava) of whether the Srimad Bhagavatam or the Devi Bhagavatam is more authentic, I came across an interesting claim of the blogger that ...
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11 votes
8 answers
12k views

Why did Adi Shankara promote idol worship?

Today Adi Shankaracarya's Adavaitvaad is a prominent philosophy in Hinduism but if we go through his life, we see that he not only preserved the idol worship practices across India but actively ...
gaj's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
5k views

Apart from the Padma Purana, does any other Purana say that Adi Shankaracharya will teach mayavadi philosophy?

In the Padma Purana, Uttara Khanda, Chapter 236, Lord Shiva says to Parvati that He would incarnate as Adi Shankaracharya to teach the mayavadi philosophy: mayavadam asac chastram pracchannam ...
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11 votes
1 answer
4k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya support animal sacrifice?

I had always assumed that the Advaitin philosopher Adi Shankaracharya opposed animal sacrifice in Vedic Yagnas (fire-rituals). Here is what this blog post says, for instance: In the 7th century A....
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
957 views

Do characters in the same Brahmavidya always have the same caste?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
7 answers
4k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya accept equality of 5 major gods in his works?

I want to know if Adi Shankaracharya said that the five Panchatayana deities (Shiva, Surya, Vishnu, Durga, Ganesh) are Saguna Brahman from his works. Did he differentiate between them or said all ...
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10 votes
2 answers
2k views

Debate between Maṇḍana Miśra and Ādi Śankara

I have read that there was a debate between Maṇḍana Miśra, an exponent of Mīmāmsā, and Ādi Śankara, an exponent of Advaita, in which Maṇḍana Miśra's wife was the judge. Ādi Śankara won the debate and ...
Bharat's user avatar
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10 votes
4 answers
1k views

Are Sri RamaKrishna's statements about attaining Brahman through Bhakti inline with Adi Shankara?

According to Shankaracharya, knowledge of Brahman can only be had through Jnana Yoga but recent Mahatmas like Ramakrishna Paramahamsa say that it can also be gotten through Bhakti Yoga. Why doesn't ...
user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
3k views

How does Adishankaracharya Advaita explain concept of Avatar?

In Chapter 33 of book Autobiography of a Yogi, Yogananda says that Babaji is Mahaavatar (great incarnation). Sri Mahavatar Babaji is believed to be avatar of Shiva who is still teaching Kriya Yoga to ...
The Destroyer's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
6k views

Is it true that Adi SankarAcharaya cursed Hindus of Kerala?

I read somewhere that Adi SankarAcharya cursed Keralite Hindus. Basically, the post claimed that dwindling numbers of Hindus in Kerala is due to Adi Sankara's curse to Kerala that the people there ...
RishX's user avatar
  • 3,067
10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta philosophy compatible with Vaishnavism?

There are many schools of thought like VisistAdvaita, Achintya Bheda Abheda and Dvaita which are followed by different sects of Vaishnavites. Most of these Vaishnava sects seem to be very critical of ...
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10 votes
1 answer
276 views

Does Shankara teach to renounce one's own duties?

Padma Purana 6.236: The doctrine of illusion (Mayavada) is an impious, wicked belief and against all the conclusions of the Vedas. It is only covered Buddhism. My dear Parvati, in Kali-Yuga I ...
Spark Sunshine's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to "Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah"?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world is ...
user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
214 views

What Ayurvedic texts describe shadows as sweet or cold?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
4k views

What are Bhujanga stotrams?

Bhujanga means a snake, or one that has shoulders as locomotive limb. There are many Bhujanga stotrams, on Shiva, Vishnu etc, on almost all deities. What is the definition of a Bhujanga stotram, or ...
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9 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why do we need to worship nirguna brahman?

If nirguna brahman is just consciousness, form less etc then why do we need to worship nirguna brahman? Note: This post is just to better understand nirguna brahman but nothing else. Till now I ...
user2225190's user avatar
  • 1,966
9 votes
3 answers
15k views

How many mutts did Adi shankaracharya establish in his lifetime?

Adi Shankaracharya is an advaita philosopher and wrote commentaries to the prasthāna trayi and composed many stotras on different deities.. It is believed that he established four mutts(denoting four ...
Sarvabhouma's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
531 views

What works currently attributable to Adi Shankara are actually authored by Abhinava Shankara?

The Kanchi Kamakoti mutt has given ample proof of Adi Shankara belonging to the 5th - 6th century BCE. There are many other historical evidences from different phases of his life, in support of such a ...
Adiyarkku's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
304 views

How can Brahman possibly be devoid of qualities?

If Brahman and Prakriti are not separate, but two sides of the same coin ... i.e. if Brahman 'IS' Prakriti, then that makes Brahman full of qualities. How can it possibly be devoid of attributes when ...
The Crimson Universe's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does Adi Shankaracharya believe the existence of the soul requires scripture to establish?

In Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or revelation/scripture. And there is a hierarchy of ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
330 views

Where does the Advaitin commentator Anandagiri discuss the authenticity of Hindu stories?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is Adi Shankara referring to when he says "He has Vajra marks on his feet"?

Vishnu Sahasranama stotra are thousand names of Vishnu said by Bhishma to Yudhishtira and other Pandavas. This occurs in Mahabharata while there are other versions of thousand names in Garuda Purana, ...
Sarvabhouma's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What arguments Adi Shankara makes to claim that Supreme is devoid of any attributes?

The interpretation of 'Nirguna' is different in different philosophies. Srila baldeva VidyaBhushan in His Govind Bashya (Gaudiya vaishnav commentary on vedanta sutras)interprets 'Nirguna' as being ...
Vishal prabhu lawande's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Which is right varna based on birth or varna based on Guna and karma?

Which is right varna is based on birth or varna is based On guna and karma ? In view of advaita followers The kamakoti peetham tell that varNa is by guNa but guNa is by birth But vaishanvas tells that ...
Pasham Vishnu Vardhan Goud's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why does the Universe exist?

If I am Brahman as Shankara states: I am other than name, form and action. My nature is ever free! I am Self, the supreme unconditioned Brahman. I am pure Awareness, always non-dual. — Adi ...
Alex Douglas's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
3k views

What scriptures describe Brahma's son Sanatkumara being reborn as Shiva's son Kartikeya?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
403 views

To whom does the illusion belong?

According to the great Adi Shankaracharya, the waking world is an illusion (or as unreal as dream if not an illusion). My question is, who imagines this waking world? Is it result of your desires or ...
Lokesh's user avatar
  • 2,063
8 votes
1 answer
861 views

How do Sri Vaishnavas interpret the "Vedas are not Vedas" quote in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

In Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory evidence, Anumana or reasoning, and Shabda or revelation/scripture. But as I discuss in this ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar

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