Questions tagged [adi-shankaracharya]

For the questions relevant with Adi Shankaracharya, philosopher, theologian, preceptor and expounder of "Advaita Vedanta"

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16
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1answer
6k views

Difference between Smartas and Advaitins?

What is the difference between a Smarta and an Advaitin? Both are the followers of Adi Sankaracharya only. People who worship Lord Shiva are called Shaivite and those who worship Lord Vishnu are ...
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4answers
4k views

According to ShankarAchArya in Advaita, is the universe “unreal” or “unworthy”?

Recently I came across one of the key quote, which sums up Adi ShankarAchArya's Advaita philosophy: The Brahman of the Upanishads is the only Reality, and everything else—this world of manifoldness—...
8
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626 views

Do characters in the same Brahmavidya always have the same caste?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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3answers
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Why is Sankaracharya accused as Pracchana Bauddha (crypto-buddhist) by many Vedantins?

Let us see some of the accusations of vedantins SANKARA’S ACCUSERS Bhaskara (9th Century CE), the propounder of bhedabheda-siddhanta was one of the earliest Indian philosophers to attack Mayavada. ...
14
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5answers
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Which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta?

I want to learn & study the Advaita Vedanta. So, which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta? In other words which are the major text/scripture related to Advaita Vedanta. I know ...
8
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1answer
3k views

What scriptures mention Shiva's Dakshinamurthi form?

One of the most popular forms of Shiva worshipped in South India is the sage Dakshinamurthi, whose name literally means "the South-facing form". Dakshinamurthi is the subject of the famous ...
17
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0answers
931 views

Do any commentators other than Adi Shankaracharya disagree with both Pancharatra and Shaiva Agamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
13
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3answers
9k views

Was Adi Shankaracharya a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? What were his views on Shiva and Vishnu?

Adi Shankaracharya taught Advaita philosophy. What was his belief on how one should see Shiva and Vishnu? Was he a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? Are Shiva and Vishnu same as per Him?
13
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1answer
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Which scriptures defines the three levels of reality?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (परमार्थिक) Vyāvahārika (व्यवहारिक) Prāthibhāsika (प्रतिभासिक) The wikipedia article on Advaita Vedanta says that: ...
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1answer
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How does Adishankaracharya Advaita explain concept of Avatar?

In Chapter 33 of book Autobiography of a Yogi, Yogananda says that Babaji is Mahaavatar (great incarnation). Sri Mahavatar Babaji is believed to be avatar of Shiva who is still teaching Kriya Yoga to ...
11
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3answers
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K.S. Bhagavan's critique of Adi Shankara

An Indian writer named K.S. Bhagavan published in 1982 a book entitled Shankaracharya and Reactionary Philosophy = ಶಂಕರಾಚಾರ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರತಿಗಾಮಿತನ. I heard that Bhagavan criticized Adi Shankara in ...
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4answers
10k views

Was Adi Shankaracharya’s Parakaya Pravesha to learn Kamashastra Dharmic?

Adi Shankaracharya traveled all around India engaging scholars in religious debate. During one such debate, Bharati, wife of scholar Madana Mishra, attempted to defeat Adi Shankara in the topic of ...
12
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3answers
18k views

Help me to find out the verse : “Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah”

According to wikipedia, The Famous verse from Vivek Chudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) is: Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah Translation: Brahman is the only truth, the world is unreal, and ...
8
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2answers
1k views

What arguments Adi Shankara makes to claim that Supreme is devoid of any attributes?

The interpretation of 'Nirguna' is different in different philosophies. Srila baldeva VidyaBhushan in His Govind Bashya (Gaudiya vaishnav commentary on vedanta sutras)interprets 'Nirguna' as being ...
14
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0answers
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How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
9
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1answer
898 views

Are there any other Puranas that predict Adi Shanakaracharya besides the Bhavishya Purana?

Adi Shankaracharya is predicted in the Bhavisya Purana. What about the other Puranas? Do any other Puranas predict his birth and exploits or make mention of him?
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241 views

Where does the Advaitin commentator Anandagiri discuss the authenticity of Hindu stories?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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2answers
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Debate between Maṇḍana Miśra and Ādi Śankara

I have read that there was a debate between Maṇḍana Miśra, an exponent of Mīmāmsā, and Ādi Śankara, an exponent of Advaita, in which Maṇḍana Miśra's wife was the judge. Ādi Śankara won the debate and ...
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369 views

What scriptures say cranes can become pregnant without the involvement of males?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8
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1answer
2k views

What scriptures describe Brahma's son Sanatkumara being reborn as Shiva's son Kartikeya?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
7
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2answers
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How many mutts did Adi shankaracharya establish in his lifetime?

Adi Shankaracharya is an advaita philosopher and wrote commentaries to the prasthāna trayi and composed many stotras on different deities.. It is believed that he established four mutts(denoting four ...
6
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1answer
238 views

Adi Shankaracharya's biography

What are good Hindi /English or Telugu translation of Adi Shankaracharya's biography, Shankara Vijayam.
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1answer
172 views

Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
9
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1answer
851 views

What is the mystery of Hari Sankara Stotra composed by Adi Shankara?

Shankara Digvijaya states that when Adi Shankara reached temple of Hari Shankara then he composed such verses with ambiguous meaning which could praise for both Shiva and Vishnu at the same time. It ...
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2answers
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Why did Ramanujacharya & Adi Shankaracharya never refer to the Srimad Bhagavatam in their works?

While reading from a Shaivite blog (though I am a Vaishnava) of whether the Srimad Bhagavatam or the Devi Bhagavatam is more authentic, I came across an interesting claim of the blogger that ...
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8answers
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Why did Adi Shankara promote idol worship?

Today Adi Shankaracarya's Adavaitvaad is a prominent philosophy in Hinduism but if we go through his life, we see that he not only preserved the idol worship practices across India but actively ...
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563 views

Looking for the source scripture for the verse “Slokardhena pravakshyami”

My previous question was : Help me to find out the verse : “Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah”. In which I knew that in the Brahmajnanavalimala of Adi Shankaracharya, The verse is: ...
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2answers
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Did Shankaracharya establish the “shanmatha” and the “panchayatana puja” systems?

There is a general opinion that Sripad Adi Sankaracharya established the shanmatha system and also insituted the worship form of panchayatana. Yet there seems to be lot of disagreements even among the ...
6
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1answer
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Does Adi Shankaracharya equate Brahman with the causal body in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
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1answer
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How does Advaita explain analogy of two birds on the tree(body)?

A well known analogy of two birds seating on the tree appears in Mundaka Upanishad.(Similar verse also appears in Svetâsvatara Upanishad) Two birds, inseparable friends, cling to the same tree. ...
4
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1answer
500 views

Where is the passage about silence and Brahman preserved by Adi Shankaracharya?

In this excerpt from his book "Spiritual Heritage of India", Swami Prabhavananda quotes a number of passages from the Upanishads concerning the indescribability of Brahman. In particular, ...
4
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1answer
345 views

Is there any mention of geeta before sankara bhashya?

Gita is believed to be a chief text of vedanta. It is one of the three fundamental texts of vedanta. It is said that the first mention and commentary of gita is done by sankara which is about 1000 ...
6
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2answers
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Why does Adi Shankaracharya think Rig Veda 10.71.3 verse implies the Vedas are eternal?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya support animal sacrifice?

I had always assumed that the Advaitin philosopher Adi Shankaracharya opposed animal sacrifice in Vedic Yagnas (fire-rituals). Here is what this blog post says, for instance: In the 7th century A....
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2answers
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Did Adi Sankara follow untouchability?

In the life of Adi Shankara, there is a famous incident involving a Chandala and his Four dogs: When Sankara was going with his disciples to the Ganges for midday ablutions, he noticed an outcaste ...
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2answers
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Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are “deceitful demons”?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
8
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2answers
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Does Adi Shankaracharya believe the existence of the soul requires scripture to establish?

In Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or revelation/scripture. And there is a hierarchy of ...
9
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4answers
9k views

What is the Birth date of Adi-Sankarācharya?

When was Adi-Sankarāchārya born? Specifically, why is there so much of a variation in the dates given by Kānci, Dwāraka, Joshī Mutts and Śringerī Mutts?
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4answers
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Did Adi Shankaracharya accept equality of 5 major gods in his works?

I want to know if Adi Shankaracharya said that the five Panchatayana deities (Shiva, Surya, Vishnu, Durga, Ganesh) are Saguna Brahman from his works. Did he differentiate between them or said all ...
8
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1answer
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Apart from the Padma Purana, does any other Purana say that Adi Shankaracharya will teach mayavadi philosophy?

In the Padma Purana, Uttara Khanda, Chapter 236, Lord Shiva says to Parvati that He would incarnate as Adi Shankaracharya to teach the mayavadi philosophy: mayavadam asac chastram pracchannam ...
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1answer
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Which are authentic Prakarana grantha of Adi Shankaracharya?

We know that Adi Shankaracharya has written three type of texts: Bhashya (भाष्य) Prakarana Grantha (प्रकरण ग्रंथ) Stora (स्तोत्र) You can find the full list here and here. But I've heard that not ...
6
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1answer
301 views

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhism?

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhist monks? I'm interested in the core of the arguments he used against Buddhists. Is there any advantage to Advaita against Buddhism ...
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3answers
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What is the meaning of the term ''Mayavadi''? Is the term mentioned in any of the scriptures?

Many ISKCON websites call Adi Shankaracharya, Swami Vivekananda, Buddha and Ramakrishna Paramahamsa ''mayavadis'' and that Chaitanya Mahaprabhu called mayavadis ''greatest of all offenders''. However, ...
6
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1answer
575 views

How do Sri Vaishnavas interpret the “Vedas are not Vedas” quote in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

In Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory evidence, Anumana or reasoning, and Shabda or revelation/scripture. But as I discuss in this ...
5
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1answer
599 views

What magical powers are obtained from the Amalaka plant?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
5
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2answers
392 views

Did Shankara reject some doctrines of Atman or Brahman in order to reconcile Atman and Brahman?

Natalia Isayeva's 1992 Shankara and Indian Philosophy, p. 2, says that Shankara was "the most brilliant personality in the history of Indian thought" and that because he united Atman and Brahman, he ...
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3answers
1k views

Why did Adi Sankaracharya compare the color of Ishwara's eyes to that of monkey's nates?

While commenting on the verse "tasya yatha kapyasam pundarikamevamakshini" in his bhashya on the Chandogya Upanishad, Shankara describes the eyes of Ishwara as: eyes of that golden Purusha are like ...
4
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2answers
340 views

When Devi Bhagavatam says Gods as doers of karma and that they are sinners, how they can remove my sin?

According to the following chapters of Devi Bhagavatam, Lord Krishna, Lord Vishnu and lord Rudra are doers of karma and thus sinners. • Devi bhagavatam: 4 book: 2 chapter: 8-9 • Devi bhagavatam: 6 ...
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200 views

What is the (potentially lost) text of the Jabalas quoted by Adi Shankaracharya?

In his commentary on Adhyaya 4 Pada 1 Sutra 3 of the Brahma Sutras, Adi Shankaracharya presents a number of scriptural quotes to support his Advaita view that the individual soul of jivatma is the ...
4
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336 views

Who is the earliest Advaitin to mention six Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...