Questions tagged [adi-shankaracharya]

For the questions relevant with Adi Shankaracharya, philosopher, theologian, preceptor and expounder of "Advaita Vedanta"

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8
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2answers
455 views

Did Adi Shankara's philosophy somewhat change in his last years or after writing Brahma Sutras?

From Saundarya Lahiri written by Adi Shankar I found following verse - kvaṇatkāñcī-dāmā kari kalabha kumbha-stananatā parikṣīṇā madhye pariṇata śaraccandra-vadanā | dhanurbāṇān pāśaṃ ...
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3answers
700 views

Why does Adi shankaracharya think that self cannot perceive a relation between itself and avidya?

Adi Shankara's doctrine of Maya is very widely known specially among the Vedantins; according to which all the dualities are perceived by self owing to ignorance(avidya) and that self is one without a ...
7
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1answer
384 views

Should one regard deities as Superior and Inferior as per Adi Shankara?

Adi Shankara is the upholder of Advaita (Non-dual) philosophy. There is popular belief among Advaitins that one shouldn't differentiate between Gods as they all are same. But is this thing ...
7
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1answer
109 views

Are name and form sat or asat?

Bhagavad gita 2.16 says नासतो विद्यते भावो नाभावो विद्यते सतः। उभयोरपि दृष्टोऽन्तस्त्वनयोस्तत्त्वदर्शिभिः।।2.16।। Following is Bhagavadpad Adi Shankracharya's commentary: न हि शीतोष्णादि ...
7
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2answers
192 views

How is Nirguna Brahman Nirguna if he is Sachidananda?

We know that Nirguna Brahman is Sat, Chit and Ananda. Are not Sat, Chit and Anandas themselves gunas? As they are qualities. Reference, Tattva Bodha of Shri Shankaracharya.
7
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1answer
810 views

What was Adi Shankara's view on Puranas?

Puranas are the scriptures of Hinduism which are accepted by some people and rejected by some people. There are 18 Mahapuranas which are the most important. The basic theory that puranas are ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Which are authentic Prakarana grantha of Adi Shankaracharya?

We know that Adi Shankaracharya has written three type of texts: Bhashya (भाष्य) Prakarana Grantha (प्रकरण ग्रंथ) Stora (स्तोत्र) You can find the full list here and here. But I've heard that not ...
7
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885 views

Does Swami Vivekananda belong to Shankara parampara?

Recently I listened to Swami Sarvapriyananda saying his "last name" is Puri, what about Swami Vivekananda? Does he belong to Adi Shankara parampara? And what about other modern swamis like Sivananda ...
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Was Adi Shankaracharya defeated in debate by a Kashmiri panditani (scholar)?

I came here while reading Ramachandra Guha's India after Gandhi book. In this book I came across a claim that Adi Shankaracharya was defeated in debate by a Kashmiri panditani (priestess). How much of ...
7
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1answer
133 views

Are there sources other than this Mahabharata verse where Shri Veda Vyas is told to be reincarnation of Sage Apantaratamas?

In Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Shankaracharya, while writing Bhashya for 3.3.32 Acharya says apAntaratamo nAma muniH kali-dvApara-sandhau vyAsatvena sambabhUva A sage named 'apAntaratamas' ...
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288 views

Has Adi Shankaracharya quoted Baudhayana Vritti in his commentary on Brahma Sutras?

While reading biography of Ramanujacharya, I came to find that Baudhayana, who is known as Vrittikara, wrote a commentary on Vedavyasa's Brahma Sutra. In the time of Ramanujacharya, this work of ...
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318 views

Is Adi Shankaracharya's commentary on the Adhyatma Patala available online in English?

It is well-known that Adi Shankaracharya wrote commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishada, the Brahma Sutras, and the Vishnu Sahasranamam. But there's one commentary that's not as well known. ...
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5answers
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Who is Ishwar according to Advait Vedanta - Lord Shiva or Vishnu?

Ishwar is Saguna Brahman who has created the world out of Maya according to Advait Vedanta. Although Ishwar too is illusion according to it, who is Ishwar actually - Lord Shiva or Vishnu as both can ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Why did Adi Sankaracharya compare the color of Ishwara's eyes to that of monkey's nates?

While commenting on the verse "tasya yatha kapyasam pundarikamevamakshini" in his bhashya on the Chandogya Upanishad, Shankara describes the eyes of Ishwara as: eyes of that golden Purusha are like ...
6
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2answers
4k views

Did Adi Sankara follow untouchability?

In the life of Adi Shankara, there is a famous incident involving a Chandala and his Four dogs: When Sankara was going with his disciples to the Ganges for midday ablutions, he noticed an outcaste ...
6
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3answers
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What is the context of Adi Shankara's statement "Woman is the gateway to hell" found in his work Prashnottari?

While reading the article "Bhoga, Moksha and Jivanmukti in Tantra" on Kamakotimandali, i was surprised to know that in one of his works Adi Shankara said "Women are like the gates to hell". I want to ...
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1answer
373 views

Who are five Acharyas between Gaudapada and Adi Shankaracharya mentioned by Vidyaranya?

I searched a lot while trying to find answer to What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada? ; Though I couldn't find an answer worthy to post. I read couple of research papers and some pages of a very useful ...
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Was Adi-Shankara initiated into Kriya Yoga?

There is a general belief that Adi Shankara was initiated into Kriya Yoga by Mahavatar babaji who is said to be living in the Himalayas. But do we have any authentic reference from our ancient texts ...
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What is the meaning of the term ''Mayavadi''? Is the term mentioned in any of the scriptures?

Many ISKCON websites call Adi Shankaracharya, Swami Vivekananda, Buddha and Ramakrishna Paramahamsa ''mayavadis'' and that Chaitanya Mahaprabhu called mayavadis ''greatest of all offenders''. However, ...
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463 views

Did Shankara reject some doctrines of Atman or Brahman in order to reconcile Atman and Brahman?

Natalia Isayeva's 1992 Shankara and Indian Philosophy, p. 2, says that Shankara was "the most brilliant personality in the history of Indian thought" and that because he united Atman and Brahman, he ...
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2k views

Vivekachudamani Of Adi Sankaracharya

I have the "Vivekachudamani" of Adi Sankaracharya in Sanskrit language with word-by-word meaning in Hindi but still I am finding very difficult to understand it. Is there any Online site (for Hard ...
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1answer
353 views

Adi Shankaracharya's biography

What are good Hindi /English or Telugu translation of Adi Shankaracharya's biography, Shankara Vijayam.
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2answers
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Why does Adi Shankaracharya think Rig Veda 10.71.3 verse implies the Vedas are eternal?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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1answer
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Does Adi Shankaracharya equate Brahman with the causal body in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6
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1answer
582 views

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhism?

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhist monks? I'm interested in the core of the arguments he used against Buddhists. Is there any advantage to Advaita against Buddhism ...
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1answer
678 views

Which Sri Vidya Guru Parampara does Adi Shankaracharya fall in?

Adi Shankaracharya aside from being a Vedantin scholar is also described by many to have been a Sri Vidya Upasaka. The Soundarya Lahari, a principle Sri Vidya text, is often attributed to Him. In ...
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Shankaracharya installed sri chakra in which temples?

It is said that Adi Shankaracharya installed the Sri Chakra in many temples. Is there a list and description of temples where Adi Shankaracharya installed Sri Chakra?
6
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1answer
508 views

Did Adi Shankaracharya remove his yajnopavita and is that anti-Vedic?

Adi Shankaracharya got digvijaya over anti-Vedic followers and is entitled to respect. However I found one thing objectionable in his conduct after reading a post on this site. Adi Shankaracharya is ...
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1answer
291 views

Who propounded the method of doing Puja using akshatas?

Nowadays everyone does a Puja with an overwhelming use of akshatas.Akshatas are the substitute for everything starting from the dhyana/avahana mantras to tamboolam(betel leaves) in case you don't have ...
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1answer
308 views

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
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0answers
113 views

What works currently attributable to Adi Shankara are actually authored by Abhinava Shankara?

The Kanchi Kamakoti mutt has given ample proof of Adi Shankara belonging to the 5th - 6th century BCE. There are many other historical evidences from different phases of his life, in support of such a ...
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232 views

Is Kaal Bhairava Ashtakam inauthentic work of Adi Shankar?

Here a user claiming Kalbhairava Ashtakam is an inauthentic work of Adi Shankaracharya. As for obvious reasons, works of Vaishnavas on Lord Shiva can be considered inauthentic or can be seen with ...
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0answers
88 views

Ancient reference to Shankaracharya by name

Has any ancient non-advaitic acharya/author referred to Shankaracharya by name in his work? For example I understand that Bhaskara in his Brahmasutra bhashya does not refer to Shankara by name.
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274 views

Where do ramanuja and shankara quote the sutras from devata kanda sutras?

At which place in their commentaries do they mention about the sutras?
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1answer
405 views

What is the name of the person who reconciled a line from Rudram to dakshinamurthy and Adi Shankaracharya?

Consider the following lines from Rudram and their translation Nama kapardhine cha vyupthakesaya cha Salutations to him who has a crown of hair and to him who has a shaved head I heard that a person ...
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1answer
267 views

What is the date of Adi Shankara, 8th century AD or 400 BC?

Sringeri mutt had guru paramapara and history of Shankara dating to 8th century CE. But Govardhan peeta goes 400BC. What are three timelines of. Sri Shankaracharya?
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Is Adi Shankaracharya's Kena Upanishad Vakya Bhashya available in English?

Generally the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya has only given one Bhashya or commentary for each of the Mukhya or primary Upanishads. But in the case of the Kena Upanishad, he composed two ...
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1answer
281 views

Where does Adi Shankara use the allegory of water worshipping to the sea?

A very famous allegory used by Adi Shankaracharya is that he says my worship is like water worshipping to the ocean. Where is it found?
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Was Gaudapada a guru or grand-guru of Adi Shankarachrya?

We know that Adi Shankara's guru was Govinda Bhagavatpada and Govinda Bhagavatpada's guru was Gaudapada. This way Gaudapada was grand-guru of Shankaracharya. We can find the following lines in Adi ...
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1answer
221 views

Who is Eeshan/Ishvara refered to in Soundaraya Lahari?

A verse in Soundarya Lahari by Adi Sankara says, Jagat suthe dhata harir avati rudrah kshapayate Tiraskurvan etat svam api vapurisastirayati; Sada-purvah sarvam tad idamanugrhnati cha Shiva- ...
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1answer
2k views

How does Advaita explain analogy of two birds on the tree(body)?

A well known analogy of two birds seating on the tree appears in Mundaka Upanishad.(Similar verse also appears in Svetâsvatara Upanishad) Two birds, inseparable friends, cling to the same tree. ...
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1answer
386 views

What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
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1answer
120 views

Did Shankaracharya mention Saraswati as Para Brahman?

Did Adi Shankaracharya (directly) mention anywhere in his writings, Saraswati as Para-Brahman?
5
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1answer
575 views

Why did krishna chaitanya criticise his own sanyasa sampradaya?

From another post we came to know that krishna chaitanya had taken sanyasa from dashanami sampradaya of sankaracharya. However, why would someone join a sampradaya to which he is opposed to ? ...
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176 views

Motivation of Adi Shankara in his own words

As is well known, the Adi Shankara had extensively toured to spread Hinduism in India. Right from the start what actually was his motivation to undertake his (seemingly self inspired) life mission ...
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535 views

What did Adi ShankarAchArya say about Param Shiva?

Here in Saundarya Lahiri, I found following verse of Adi Shankar O! Mother! The celebrities, Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra and Indra are functioning as the four legs of your resting cot (the world). Lord ...
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1answer
658 views

What magical powers are obtained from the Amalaka plant?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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1answer
817 views

What Shakta-like Shaivite sect did Adi Shankaracharya defeat in a debate?

This excerpt from the Madhaviya Shankara Digvijaya, the traditional biography of Adi Shankaracharya, describes the beginning of Adi Shankaracharya's tour of India: Now Acharya Shankara, along with ...
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1answer
1k views

How long did Adi Shankaracharya live?

I have read that Adi Shankaracharya's parents were childless for many years and they worshipped Lord Shiva, so that they will be blessed with a son. Then the Lord appeared in their dream and asked ...
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1answer
426 views

Is there any mention of geeta before sankara bhashya?

Gita is believed to be a chief text of vedanta. It is one of the three fundamental texts of vedanta. It is said that the first mention and commentary of gita is done by sankara which is about 1000 ...