Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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68 views

Does Atman in Turiya or Nirguna Brahman know itself or is aware of itself through subtle cognition state?

Advaitins say that Turiya is not a separate state that is found in isolation of three states (awake, dream, deep sleep) but it is the reality that is underlying all those. But this only caters to a ...
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Which Hindu lineages are most welcoming of converts?

After being a Buddhist for 12 years, I've taken an interest in Hinduism, specifically Advaita Vedanta and Vishishtadvaita. I feel that these lineages—and perhaps lineages I'm unaware of—would be a ...
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If our true nature is satchidananda/atman, then why is there rebirth

Why is rebirth there if all of us are atman. Why should atma gnana be learnt for liberation. What does learning advaita do that prevents us from getting a new birth?
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Why do Atma and Parmatma split if they are one after all?

As per Advaita philosophy, the ultimate goal of an Atma is to merge into its source, the Parmatma just like drops of water merge into the ocean but my question is how and why do Atma and Parmatma ...
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Nature of enlightenment

How did different people with different philosophies and ideologies attain the same enlightenment or did they not? Buddha attained enlightenment and so did Adi Shankaracharya, but their philosophies ...
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Immortal soul requiring a Mortal body

Any Hinduism philosophy talks about or contemplation discussions on Why an Immortal soul requires a Mortal body? References appreciated.
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What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhism?

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhist monks? I'm interested in the core of the arguments he used against Buddhists. Is there any advantage to Advaita against Buddhism ...
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Where are the tatastha lakshana and svarupa lakshana defined?

Which scripture defines tatastha lakshana and svarupa lakshana and where these terms are mentioned by Shankaracharya?
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Need help on Gita chapter 13 verse 22

It is mentioned in Gita ch. 13 verse 22, that the supreme purusha (paramatma) is a upadrashta (witness), anumanta (permitter), bharta (supporter) and bhokta (experiencer). I agree that It is a witness,...
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133 views

Nondualism. There is One only. Why teach?

In Kashmir Shaivism and Advaita philosophy this entire, infinite universe is the manifestation of the one supreme God. To awaken is to discover oneself as Lord Shiva Himself, and wherever one looks ...
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Is paramAtma/brahman just consciousness (awareness) OR is both, consciousness plus sentience (ability to perceive & feel)?

The current understanding is that that brahman/paramAtma/bhagawAn is that universal, inter-galactic & inter-multiverse consciousness. But is sentience ALSO an attribute of that paramAtam/brahman/...
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What is the reason for which Advaita must exist? why can't Consciousness be many?

if we presume that matter is derived from consciousness(and this seems most likely),for what reason is this consciousness one instead of many?one could say that a world perceived as the same by all ...
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Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
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Why do Smarthas and Vaishnavas have differences regarding dates (tithi) of festivals like Ekadashi?

Generally it's seen that ekadashi or any other date for that purpose falls on two days. Normally Smartha observe say,ekadashi one day earlier than Vaishnavas. Most calendars only show Smartha dates ...
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Why do some claim that madhyamika is compatible with vedanta,when consciousness is not a cause in madhyamika?

https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey claims sunyavaada is compatible with Upanishadic ideas. but in madhyamika,the 5 elements(earth,water,fire,air and Consciousness) are ...
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Advaitins,is the Self only static/changeless and' one' when we speak of its subtle ''material'' substance?how can the self be static?

If the atman of a person is static in nature and unaffected by anything and it was identical to the mind, the mind also would have to be static and not affected by anything. You could never feel ...
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Madhyamika and Ajativada and anuttara of advaita vedanta and kashmir shaivism

Is the madhyamika deconstruction of reality that nothing arises and nothing ceases the same as ajativada of gaudapada and anuttara of abhinavagupta? in madhyamika production is never established and ...
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According to Advaita, if everything is unreal or “in me” then why make an effort to help others?

Sanakaracharya inspite of being an enlightened being went about refuting other paths to enlightenment. Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna set up organisations like Ramakrishna mission, etc. to spread the ...
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What subcommentaries on Adi Shankaracharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya are available online in English?

The oldest surviving commentary on the Bhagavad Gita is the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya. Now the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya has ...
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Do all followers of Ramakrishna Order take Puranic stories allegorically?

This answer says: All these Puranic stories are taken from the book 'Hindu Gods and Goddesses' by Swami Harshananda. Swami Harshananda of the Ramakrishna Order is an Advaitist and does not take the ...
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Do mentally ill people get karmaphala?

Is thinking that the body is the self a form of mental illness/disorder ? If a Psychopath(alex) killed people but in his mind he thought that he actually helped the victims from some mysterious ...
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The philosophical school to which Yadava Prakasha belonged

Is there any authentic history of Yadava Prakasha? Was he really an Advaitin? There is the popular belief that he was a Svabhavika Bhedabheda Vaadin. His views are said to be examined by the Sri ...
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Can anyone explain and prove Veda agama pramanya and its Apourusheyatva? [duplicate]

The core of Hinduism is Vedas. One can be regarded as Hindu only when he or she accepts Vedas. Vedas come under the category of Agama pramana or Shabdha pramana. Before it comes 1. Pratyaksha ...
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Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Adi Shankaracharya in Kannada?

Is there any online link available with Shri Adi Shankaracharya's Brahma Sutra Bhashya in Kannada?
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What isJiva and jivatma ? what is the co- relationship between the two in accordance with the tenets of Advait vedant

I have been going through a lot of mention, discussion, opinion on the subject of my question ( Jiva and jivatma and their co- relationship) . Varied terms and terminology has been very liberally used ...
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How can we explain love and hatred in spiritual parlance, particularly with reference to Advait Darshan?

For a seeker to appreciate and comprehend certain character traits are of utmost importance. Shall feel blessed if some blessed one could explain the philosophy of love and hatred in spiritual ...
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Is the Advaita concept of jiva aNu (atomic) or vibhu (all-pervading)?

My background is not in Advaita, I am from VishiShta Advaita. I read in one of the Upanishad commentaries by Sri Rangaramanuja Muni (who belongs to the Sri Vaishnava fold) that the Advaitins hold that ...
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Are advaitha peetadhipathis necessarily jivan mukthas?

Is it mandatory that the Peetadhipathi of Advaitha Peetas has to be liberated?
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(Kashmiri Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta) one self in comparison to many permanent selves?

How do we enjoin one permanent self over many permanent selves like in the jonang/yogacara school of Buddhism? one way I think is the fact that people can perceive the same things simultaneously, ...
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Do rituals require faith to be successful?

According to Adi Shankaracharya, Vedas consist of three parts- Karma kand (rituals like yajna, nitya karma etc.) Upasana kand (praying to devas etc.) Bramha vidya (denunciation of world, sameness of ...
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Are saguna deities part of Maya in Advaita?

There is the notion of Krama Mukti - going towards nirguna Brahman in stages - but once the veil of Maya is pierced, does Advaita say the deities are no longer real?
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Is Sushupti and Samadhi categorically the same?

Dreamless state and Samadhi share the condition of absence of any Vrittis. Can they be the same thing then? If not where is the difference?
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Why Brahma is called Lotus born?

Why Bramha who is self-born i.e. manifested on its own as per Yoga Vasistha, also called Lotus born as per Yoga Vasistha? What is the meaning of lotus here? Is it simple flower or something else very ...
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What are the objections of Vedantis for the Anumana proof of Ishwara?

The Vaisheshikas and Nayyayikas claim that Ishwara can be proved by Anumana like the potter creates pot, the creator has created the creation. What are the objections given by Vedantins(Advaithis or ...
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Is there an online English translated version of Parimala of Shri Appayya Dikshitar?

Is there online English e book of Parimala which is an extended commentary on Kalpataru, which is in turn an extended commentary on Bhamathi which is again a commentary on Brahma Sutra Bhashya of ...
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Regarding showing that universe is in the consciousness in Shankar's Aparokshanubhuti

In Aparokshanubhuti, Shankara shows that we are not the body nor the mind by giving various techniques like Drig, Drishya, Viveka etc. But after that, he discards whatever he said and by giving ...
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What should we consider when Anumana contradicts Shabda?

According to Vedantic pramana system Anumana is Inferential knowledge and Shabda is Scriptural/Testimonial knowledge. So when these two contradict each other which one should we consider as true? ...
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What's the oldest advaita ashram or mathas?

The title is the question. But I know Shankara mathas are the oldest, I'm not considering them for this question.
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Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana most closely? [closed]

Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana (Vedavyasa), the author of the Brahma Sutras, most closely? For examples, Advaitins believe it was Shankaracharya: The Upanishads, as ...
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Why does Brahman appear as Maya?

What is the need for Brahman to differentiate into Maya and allow sentient beings to exist and contemplate the meaning of itself. If Brahman is eternal consciousness, reality and bliss, doesn't it ...
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How does one go from unrealised paramatma or Brahman to atma and body?

This might be a classical question and it might be interpreted as an argument against vedanta but I'll put my thoughts here and invite you to discuss: My awareness is limited to my personal body. I ...
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How does Pratibhasik satya play out when it comes to perception of others?

So I assume my perception of others will not be vyavahirka Satya as it is not empirical and requires use of Mann, buddhi and anubhav. In other words more than what is possible by Gyan and karm indriya....
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How advait is mayavad as per Vaishnav ideology?

I know the argument is that it leads to impersonal idea of God but where does Maya comes into the play as per their theology ? https://youtu.be/hN9KpDg9X0g
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Why, when and how did the Atman acquire body consciousness?

I know Atman is self aware but I don't know why that Atman lost his self awareness that he is unlimited and beginning-less and instead acquiring limited body awareness. Even though I am a Muslim, ...
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The Anandamaya and the Causal Body [closed]

Hello … I have two questions that perhaps you can help me with …. From my understanding, the Anandamaya Kosha forms the Causal Body (Karana-Sarira or Karana-Deha) and we experience Deep/Dreamless ...
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Is Atma affected by karma?

Ok first I am a Muslim and I don't get why God creates poor people and rich people, and why that kind of inequality needs to exist. That is why I am here, I know that I am not the body "I am I". I ...
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How widespread are “advaita vedanta” followers among modern Hindus? [closed]

How widespread are secular beliefs based on advaita vedanta among the modern Sanatan dharma population? I was under the impression this was a major movement, but I seem to hear hints otherwise.
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On the doctrine of two truths in advaita (and hinduism) [duplicate]

In hinduism, advaita propounds the doctrine of two truths - vyavahArika satya and paramArthika satya. However, long before Shankara (8th - 9th century CE) , the foremost exponent of advaita, the ...
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What is the theological position of Arya Samaj?

I would like to know how Arya Samaj perceives God(Brahman).Do they consider themselves Advatins or Dvatins (Or even Vedantists for that matter)?
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Advaita vedanta and stoicism ; are they compatible with each other?

I always think that Advaita vedanta and stoicism are perfectly compatible with one another. Can some expand on this?

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