Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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How to prove that Brahman is eternal using Tarka alone?

How did Adi Shankaracharya or Advaita followers prove that Brahman is eternal by not using shabda pramana? {By using Tarka or logical reasoning; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarka_sastra}
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Can a Jeevatma be re-incarnated as a non living being?

I have gone through many lectures on Advait Vedanta. Here is what I understand. Bramhan Anything you are aware of i.e. sound, signs, smells all these, they are objects of consciousness. You are aware ...
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How is Brahman Anantam?

Satyam Jnanam Anantam Brahman (Taittariya Upanishad 2.1.1) Anantam means end less, which means you must be able to traverse it. As Brahman has no attributes an is devoid of differences how is it ...
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How is the Advaita Brahman a controller?

In Aparokshanubhuti 18th shoka it says But how can the Brahman be the controller as it is akartha(non doer) and cannot influence maya at all?
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Are we(atma) god himself or amsh(part) of god?

Some saints say we(atma) are god itself and some say we are amsh(part) of god! For eg lets take the verse from nirvana shatakam composed by shri adi sankaracharya Mano buddhi ahankara chittani naham ...
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How can Dvaita explain splitting up of soul?

I was researching Dvaita vs Advaita and came across this really interesting question. According to Dvaita, a person can split his soul and take multiple bodies and dissolve karma. But how is this ...
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Reason for enlightened men to awaken others

History has enlightened men who left the mitya and chose to stay with the truth perpetually and then there are other enlightened men who choose to work for waking up others. When they experience the ...
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Is Spinoza's philosophy the same as advaita or vishistadvaita philosophy of India?

Spinoza's philosophy speaks about oneness of the universe. Is it the same as advaita or vishistadvaita which also speaks about untiy. As per wiki Article: After stating his proof for God’s existence, ...
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न तस्य कार्यं? Isn't Ishwara Nimitta Karana?

It says here that Shri Adi Shankaracharya says this in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. Now this Saguna Brahman is he with a particular form as per Shankara, let us look at what he says “मन्त्रौ चेमावी...
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What is the form of Ishwara according to Advaita? [duplicate]

NOTE: I'm not asking about Brahman which is attribute less. I'm asking about Saguna Brahman or Ishwara according to the orthodox Advaita Vedanta of Shri Adi Shankaracharya. Here this blog says ...
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How do advaitians interpret this verse from padma purana (Patal Khand 77.60) [v21]?

The Padma Purāṇ states: yannakhenduruchir brahma dhyeyaṁ brahmādibhiḥ suraiḥ guṇatrayamatītaṁ taṁ vande vṛindāvaneśhvaram (Patal Khand 77.60) [v21] “The light that emanates from the toenails of God’s ...
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What is the source of Shri Adi Shankaracharya saying "ईश्वरः नारायणशीलः" or "Ishwaraha Narayanasheelaha"?

In some religious discourse given by Shri Bannanje Govindacharya, I heard him say that Shri Adi Shankaracharya had said ईश्वरः नारायणशीलः Ishwaraha Narayanasheelaha What is the source of it?
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According to drishti-srishti vada in Advaita, does the universe arise due to our perception?

The doctrine of drishti-srishti vada in Advaita says that jiva's vision or perception is the cause of this universe. Did Shankara write any commentaries explaining how the manifestation of the ...
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Are all of us the same person?

Nothing other than Brahma exists. So, all of us are the same? Because only Brahma exists, So, all of us are the same Brahma. We are just under the illusion that we are different. Removing this ...
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What do Advaitins mean by the term 'absolute' and vishisht-advaitins mean by the term 'qualified'?

I was reading a few sample pages of a book, where the author gives an introduction of the two monistic schools of vedanta, namely advaita and vishisht-advaita. While doing so he used terms like "...
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When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Gunas as in Tri-gunas or Gunas as in properties or attributes?

When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Guna as in Tri-guna (Satva, Raja, Tamas) or Guna as properties or attributes? Brahman not having tri-guna is understood, because guna manifest in Brahman....
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If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists?

If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists? And if it does exist, then isn't "existence" one of its attributes (guna)? Then how can we say Brahman is ...
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Sankhya vs Advaitha

Can anyone please list out most common misconceptions between them? Are they same? View on division of parbrahamn? View on aatma? Which is the right one according to the Gita?
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How do Advaitins explain Spatial Difference or देशीय भेद​?

According to Advaita there are no Bheda or difference in Brahman. It explains the indifference between souls by saying that the upadhi or delimitng agents separate one super soul into multiple souls. ...
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Synonymous word in hindi or kannada language [closed]

In vedanta an upadhi is a limiting adjunct. Here is my doubt. What is the translation word for limiting adjunct in hindi or kannada language. Because I nowhere find the translation word for limiting ...
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In Advaita, what happens to the subtle body after videha-mukti?

According to Advaita, what happens to the subtle body after videha mukti? Does Shankara or the Upanishads says anything about it?
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Is Shankara's Brahma Sutra Bhashya actually Non-Dualistic?

Advaitins usually use the term 'Self' to address Atman (the undivided portion of Brahman that pervades the five sheaths). Yet Vireswarananda used the word 'soul' to address Atman, in his translation ...
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Advaita : Is there a contradiction in Vivarna's views on the Realization of Self?

Here's an excerpt from a book (title and author's name at the end of the post) which points out the differences in the views of the two sub-schools of advaita, namely bhamati and vivarna, whether ...
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Advaita: What is Nididhyasana?

Who first used the term nididhysana? Shankaracharya or Ramana Maharshi? Is nididhyasana meditation or mere contemplation? If its meditation, then how is it different from Patanjali's meditation ...
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Is the udasi sampraday vaishnavs or shaivites or other?

The udasi sampraday is founded by Sri Chandra Baba the son of guru nanak and is linked to the four kumaras parampara. They worships 5 devatas: ganesh, surya, shiva, shakti and vishnu. I know they ...
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How does Svarūpa-Jñāna interact with Vrittis and Actions?

I understand that Swarupa Jnana casts light onto thoughts or modifications of the mind, but how does the process look like when an action is made or a thought is formed? How does Ahaṁkāra performs ...
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Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta?

Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta ?
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Was Tukaram an Advaitin philosopher?

Did Tukaram advocate the philosophy of Advaita? Can any one give proofs that he advocated Advaita?
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From an Advaitic perspective, who set in motion the law of karma?

According to Advaitins, who set in motion the law of karma? Is it Saguna Brahman or Nirguna Brahman? The vyavaharika satya or jagat along with its karma, rebirth etc. is not completely mithya. Its not ...
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What are some bhakti parampara saints in the Advaita sect?

Can anyone tell about the bhakti parampara saints in the Advaita sect and, also about any Shudra saints in the Advaita Shankaracharya till the 19th century?
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In which scripture did Shankaracharya mentioned not to say "Aham Brahmasmi"?

I heard that it is not recommended to say "Aham Brahmasmi" in a vague sense. It is because of the reason that Adi Shankaracharya told to split the tongue of one who says "Aham Brahmasmi&...
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Is Brahma Kanda of the Garuda Purana an interpolation? [closed]

Is Brahma Kanda of the Garuda Purana an interpolation? The Brahma Kanda of Garuda Purana talks about Dvaita, Vayu, Shankaracharya. It tells that Shankaracharya is maniman. Is it an interpolation?
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How do Adi Shankaracharya or later Advaita Philosophers deal with Brahma Sutra's criticism of Vijñāna vadīs?

As per my understanding, both Buddhist idealists and Advaitins hold the external world to be unreal. Also, according to Shankaracharya's own commentary of Brahma Sutra, the doctrine of unreality of ...
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What is the comparative analysis of avidya on different states/manifestations of Siva: Parasiva, Siva, Sadasiva, Iswara?

According to Advaita, avidya can be defined as the knowledge of the existence of multiple things. In fact, there is one and only one single soul and is manifested in many ways. There are at least four ...
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Advaita : Is there really oneness?

If i cut my hand, only i will feel the pain. Others won't feel my pain. So where's the oneness that Advaita speaks about? If there exists only ONE sentient reality, underlying all names and forms then ...
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What is the source of these verses from Adi Shankaracharya Sanskrit movie?

There is this beautiful couple of verses which are sung at the climax of Adi Shankaracharya Sanskrit Movie. This is a metaphorical depiction of dialogue between Shri Adi Shankaracharya and ...
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As per Advaita, how does one realize Nirakara Brahman in deep meditation?

If Nirguna Nirakara Brahman is avyakta (unmanifested and formless) and cannot be seen or percieved by the mind or senses, then how does the Advaitin realize IT in deep meditation / samadhi / jivan ...
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Can the 4 inner sheaths be destroyed upon Self-realization?

We all know that the physical body or annamaya kosha perishes. But what about the 4 inner sheaths like, pranamaya, manomaya, vijnanamaya and anandamaya koshas. Do they perish when moksha is attained? ...
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As per Advaita, does Nirguna Nirakara Brahman has an Universal Mind?

Few days ago I was going through a post. I don't remember the exact question or who asked it, but i think the question was something like this - why did Brahman create the universe or why did Brahman ...
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The Pancha Mahabhuta And Gross Universe

We say that the entire universe is made up of five elements. My question is that apart from the five gross elements of (fire, water etc.) if we take any other thing eg. Phosphorus, ethanol etc. what ...
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Which scripture or advaita text says that the world of multiplicity is Brahman's lila?

Can someone provide verse from Shastras or Advaita texts where it says that this jagat with all its multiplicity is Brahman's lila?
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Who controls the mind according to Advaita Vedanta?

According to Advaita Vedanta if I am always the witness consciousness, Brahman, then who 'controls' the mind? Mind control is an important part of most Sadhana, and if I am the watcher of my thoughts, ...
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In Advaita, what is space, time and causation and how do they operate in relation to Brahman?

Firstly, i would be thankful if someone provides me a simple explanation of space, time and causation. Secondly, Vivekananda said in his books, that Brahman, the Absolute has become the universe by ...
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Are there any shudra philosophers in the advaita school?

I have seen Shudra Philosophers in the Dvaita school mainly in Madhva Sampradaya Like Purandara Dasa . But I did not see any Shudra philosophers in Advaita school. So are there any such Shudra ...
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What do Advaitins mean by "the world is an appearance"?

Kindly explain to me what do Advaitins mean by - "the world is an appearance/illusion"? If a tiger chases a man, pounces on him and kills him, will that be an illusory appearance as well?
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Did Sri Madhusudana saraswati leave advaita at the end of life?

There are many stories saying Sri Madhusudana saraswati leave advaita and worshipped Sri Krishna. Some claim that he was bhakta of Shri Krishna from his child hood and just left debate and worshipped ...
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How can we unite all vedic sampradaya?

In this Kaliyuga there are many types of schools which are based on their believes. These believes may sometimes lead to quarrel. Without hurting their believes how we can live harmoniously?
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Was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu really against Adi Shankaracharya 's teachings?

Modern day followers of Chaitanya (Krishna avatar)Mahaprabhu like ISCKON says that Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was against Adi Shankara's (Shiva avatar)teaching,but if we see life of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu we ...
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What narayana guru and Chattampi Swamikal tells about Adi shankaracharya?

The great scholars like narayana guru and Chattampi Swamikal tells about Adi shankaracharya and what the scholars tells about Shankara in book vedadhikara niroopanam(Malayalam book)?
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What are Sadakhya Tattva, Ishwara Tattva, and Suddha Vidya Tattva?

I was going through a book when I came across these terms- Sadakhya Tattva, Ishvara Tattva, Suddha Vidya Tattva. I'm not sure what they mean. The author didn't explain their meanings. Perhaps some ...
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