Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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Who is the first person to quote verses from Uttara Khanda of Padma Purana targeting Shankara and his philosophy?

Uttara khanda, chapter 236 of Padma Purana classifies Puranas into three categories and attacks Shankara's Advaita by saying Shiva incarnated as Shankara to preach a doctrine that resembles Vedas but ...
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Questions on thoughts of Jealousy, Lust and Anger…do they ever stop and where are they stored?

I am more inclined towards Advaita which says that for any person pursuing freedom, these qualities are necessary: 1. Viveka 2. Viragya 3. Sat-Sampatti - control of senses, mind, etc etc 4. ...
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What is the earliest reference of two truths doctrines found among Advaitin's literature?

Adi Sankara's works seem to lack two truths doctrine (Provide counterexample if any) contrary to general usage of relative & absolute truth/world by today's Advaitins. What earliest Advaitin's ...
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57 views

Advaita Epistemology

Can someone please recommend books on advaita epistemology. Suggestion of both classical and academic works would be equally helpful.
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Currently how many types of peethas are there in India?

In India how many different types of peethas such as shakti peethas, Advaita peethas etc., are there now?
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Advaita vedanta texts recommendations

Can you please recommend some high quality texts on pure Advaita philosophy from an academic standpoint which are complete and exhaustive by themselves? Academic works like that of P. S. Roodurmum (...
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50 views

Is there an English translation of Shri Vidyaranya's Sarvadarshana sangraha online?

I know that there is a Sanskrit version of this book, which seems to cover all philosophy of the Indian subcontinent. So if any of you have the link to the English version online please post it here....
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What are sattva, rajas and tamas?

What are these 3 gunas that are discussed in adhvaita. How these are stopping us to realize god. How can a person attains these 3 gunas. If these 3 are not good means that we all are not good as noone ...
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48 views

Is there any English translation of Vivekachudamani bhashya by Shri Chandrashekara Mahaswamigal?

Here is the link for the sanskrit work https://archive.org/details/VivekChudamaniBhashyaChandrasekharaBharati Is there an English translation of the work? If so please provide the link
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How do Advaitins explain the meaning of the verse “naikātmatāṁ me spṛhayanti” in Srimad Bhagvatam 3.25.34?

Could someone kindly explain the advaitic interpreation of the verse नैकात्मतां मे स्पृहयन्ति केचिन्मत्पादसेवाभिरता मदीहाः | येऽन्योन्यतो भागवताः प्रसज्य सभाजयन्ते मम पौरुषाणि ॥ ३.२५.३४ ॥ ...
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What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
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115 views

How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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Can realized advaitins be called atheists?

According to Gaudapada Karika on Mandukya Upanishad 2.32: न निरोधो न चोत्पत्तिर्न बद्धो न च साधकः । न मुमुक्षुर्न वै मुक्त इत्येषा परमार्थता ॥ ३२ ॥ na nirodho na cotpattirna baddho na ca ...
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162 views

Is spiritual realization of advaitin real?

Is the realization of an advaitin real? If it is real, it implies duality. Else, what remains? He can't be followed as teacher. As far as I know Gaudapada says there is no realization at all. What ...
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Does Hindus believe that one can see god after death as per Advaitha?

Can we see god after death as per Advaitha. Advaitha says that we can see the god when we went into deep medidation state, then what about death? so as death is not that deep meditation state, then ...
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134 views

How do advaitins defend argument against scriptural eternity?

Advaitins believe that scriptures teach monism. Are they real or unreal? The first cannot be, for it would be imply duality. The second also can't be, for it would imply that scriptures were ...
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168 views

Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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169 views

Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
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204 views

How does advaita defend against this argument?

An instructor of monism can't possibly exist. Does he know the truth or not? The first can't be, for knowing the truth there is no second soul for him, there would be no student for him. The ...
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136 views

Why Gaudiya Vaishnavas don't accept Advaita when Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted Sridhara Svami?

Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu declared that Śrīdhara Svāmī is the authoritative commentator on Bhāgavatam: prabhu hāsi’ kahe,“svāmī nā māne yei jana | veśyār bhitare tāre kariye gaṇana” || eta kahi’ ...
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According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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Hiranyakashipu told everyone to worship himself as God, was he correct according to advaita?

Main tenets of Advaita is to realize that you are God, But Hiranyakashipu did the same, Was he correct according to Advaita? He had acquired Astama siddhi because of which he is able to travel to ...
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207 views

Do Advaitin Sannyasis bathe daily?

Do Advaitin Sannyasis who have renounced rituals bathe daily?
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On the existence of the gods and the relevance of prayer [duplicate]

I am a European philosophically convinced by Hindu metaphysics (more particularly by advaita vedanta in the tradition of Adi Shankara that I discovered via René Guénon). I say this to explain that I ...
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135 views

Did Swami Prabhupada reject Advaita?

Did Swami Prabhupada reject Advaita with a direct statement anywhere?
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44 views

What does Adi Shankara mean with “reflection” [duplicate]

I'm trying to wrap my head around the Advaita teaching that Ishvara is the "reflection" (abhasavada) of Brahman in Maya. I first thought that this means Ishvara is a kind of illusion, ontologically ...
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112 views

Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...
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What exactly are the 3 level Satya of Advaita? [duplicate]

Advaita explains PratibhAsika satya, VyavhArika satya and ParamArthika satya. What are these and how can one reach the ParamArthika satya ?
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How does Advaita answer the Seven-Anuppatti of Ramanujacharya [duplicate]

What answer is given by Advaitins as reply to Ramanuja's seven-questions over Advaita such as, Aashraya, Tirodhan-Anuppatti, etc.
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How does Shri Shankar's Advaita answer Shri Ramanuja's Tirodhan-Anuppatti? [duplicate]

The second argument of Shri Ramanuja over Shri Shankar's Advaita is Tirodhan-Anuppatti. How does Avidya Maya, who is dependent on Brahman, envelope Brahman. Advaitains say that Maya is dependent on ...
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Can Moksha be achieved through Bhakti towards a physical object?

I am looking for any scriptural sources relating to whether Bhakti towards a lover, a king, a country, or a physical idol can lead to Moksha by itself, or does one need to have Bhakti for the formless ...
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According to Advaita, what is the difference between Ishwara and Brahman?

I would like to know the difference between Ishwara and Brahman. If Ishwara is saguna rupa of Brahman then is it real or maya?
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How could Sri Sitaramdas Omkarnath accept Advaita Vedanta being in the Ramanandi-sect?

Sri Sitaramdas Omkarnath, a renowned saint from Bengal was from the Ramanuja-Ramananda Sect. He used tilaka as per Ramanuja-Ramananda sect and was revered by many saints from all sects and religions ...
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How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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Sankaracharya's philosophical 'Sarvagnapeetha' event at Kashmir

What historically authenticated records of this Adi-Sankarācharya's event exist now ? i.e., before he established Shankara Mutt at KedarNath? When was it conducted, who were the organizers and ...
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155 views

Are Advaita and Karma theory completely contradictory?

As per Karma theory, certain events of my current life are the fruits of my actions in one or more earlier births. Whose action's fruits am I facing in this birth? Given that it cannot be my current ...
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130 views

What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya?

Gaudiya Vaishnava Vedanta uses a term "achintya" (inconceivable). Advaita Vedanta uses a term "anirvachaniya" (inexplicable). What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya? In what situations ...
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85 views

How are the object and the subject one and the same?

I basically wanted the proof of all is ONE and Prakrithi and Purusha are the same.
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Is everything fixed and I (as a limited individual) am not the doer in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty? [duplicate]

Is everything fixed in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty and the so called 'doer-ship of limited individuals'? Is there free-will or is life just a movie that we are forced to watch?
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How does Vedanta Desikan interpret Ramanujacharya’s statement about Brihaspati’s brother Samvarta?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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Does the incident of Shankara meeting a Chandala prove that Shankara never had realization?

According to Advaita Vedanta, things like caste, gotra, etc, will cease to exist after realization. But when Adi Shankara met a Chandala in Varanasi, he asked the Chandala to move away from his path. ...
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233 views

According to ISKCON, what is the difference between Brahmavada and Mayavada?

As it is well known, ISKCON (and other Vaishnavas for that matter) strongly criticize philosophy of Advaita. Srila Prabhupada himself criticized Mayavada in his various commentaries on Vaishnava ...
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109 views

Why do people perform rites and meditate if its a hindrance?

According to the īśā Upaniṣad and the latter Śrī Śaṅkarācārya (of Advaita) commentary: अन्धं तमः प्रविशन्ति येऽविद्यामुपासते । ततो भूय इव ते तमो य उ विद्यायां रताः ॥ andhaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti ...
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How are jivas (linga/sookshma sharirs) created as per Advaita?

As per advaita, jivas are nothing but Linga sharira or sookskhma sharira. This has been explained to me by user Pradip Gangopadhyaya before. But I need to know how are jivas created. Advaita ...
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does all three bodies cease to exist in turiya?

does all three bodies cease to exist/merge with brahman in turiya state? If so, is it not possible for astral travel or projection since subtle body no longer exists, but merges with brahman?
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How do Advatins classify Vaikuntha and other lokas according to their philosophy?

Do advaitins believe in Vaikuntha and other lokas and see them as eternal?
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What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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69 views

What scriptures describe Kapila, Panchashikha, and Durvasa carrying Sanyasi staffs?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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76 views

Is the Sattva-Rajas-Tamas classification considered important in Advaita?

Since the Advaitic Brahman has no qualities - it must be that all these Gunas are obstructions to achieving Samadhi. Are there Advaitic statements that one must transcend all three Gunas?
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Do non-advaitic vaishnavite sects have the concept of Samadhi?

In Advaita, among the highest states of oneness with Brahman is "Nirvikalpa Samadhi". Do non-Advaitic Vaishnavite sects talk of Samadhi or anything similar?